Miscellaneous Quiz / CFD 155 Ch. 1-3

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Can you name the CFD 155 Ch. 1-3?

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DefinitionTerm
outer folded mantle of brain, responsible for thinking, reasoning, perceiving, all conscious responses
principle that people affect one another, or that interpersonal influences flow in both directions
any infertility treatment in which egg is fertilized outside womb
structure attaching placenta to fetus where nutrients ar passed & fetal wastes removed
excessively short stature in a child, caused by undernutrition
2nd-trimester procedure where syringe is inserted into uterus for sample of amniotic fluid to test for disorders
substance that crosses placenta and harms fetus
ability to see (and fear) heights
field that scientifically determines role that hereditary forces play in individual behavioral differences
simplified, exaggerated, high-pitched tones used to speak to infants that function to help teach language
predictable life changes that occur during development
unpredictable or atypical life changes that occur during development
most common chromosomal abnormality, causing mental retardation and other health problems
learning impairments and behavioral problems during infancy and childhood
blood test to determine whether person carries gene for given genetic disorder
refers to education and, especially income
an egg cell containing genetic material contributed by mother
threadlike strand of DNA in nucleus of every cell; carries genes
research drawing on notion that we're attracted to novelty & prefer to look at new things
large structures (& movements) precede increasingly smaller refinements
quick test used to assess a just-delivered baby's condition by measuring HR, muscle tone, breathing, reflex, color
time when body structure is most vulnerable to damage by a teratogen
malleable, or capable of being changed; refers to neural or cognitive development
person's 50/50 chance at birth of living to a given age
mistake infants make where they go back to original hiding place to look for an object even though they've seen it was moved to second place
segment of DNA that contains chemical blueprint for manufacturing a particular protein
neck, or narrow, lower portion of uterus
image of fetus in womb that helps to date pregnancy, assess fetus's growth, etc.
predictable loss of interest that develops once a stimulus becomes familiar
societies that prize social harmony, obedience, close family over individual achievement
any skill related to understanding feelings & negotiating interpersonal interactions
chronically inadequate level of specific nutrient important to development & disease prevention
DefinitionTerm
chemical substances released in bloodstream that target and change organs and tissues
first sign of 'getting human intentions,' when a baby looks at object adult points to or follows a person's gaze
baby's frantic, continual crying during the first 3 months of life, caused by immature nervous system
first one-word sentences
infertility treatment where conception occurs outside womb then cell is inserted into uterus
period of pregnancy
final period of prenatal development; lasts 7 months; physical refinements, massive growth, brain development
naturally occurring loss of pregnancy and death of the fetus
any perspective explaining why people act the way they do; allows us to predict behavior and how to improve
nature-interacts-w/-nurture idea that genetic tendencies/predispositions cause us to actively choose specific environments
children's ability, usually beginning at 6 months, to put themselves back to sleep when they wake during the night
illness caused by mother's X chromosome; has 50/50 chance of affecting each male child
one of a pair of slim, pipe-like structures that connect the ovaries with uterus
process in which a blastocyst becomes embedded in uterine wall
reflex to a touch to the cheek where they turn toward that location & begin to suck
material that makes up genes, which bear our hereditary characteristics
relatively risky first-trimester pregnancy test for fetal genetic disorders
societies that prize independence, competition, personal success
internal belief in our competence, our sense that we can be successful in a given task
law of learning; we act the way we do b/c we are reinforced
one of the 3-month long segments that pregnancy is divided
original behavioral worldview that focused on charting & modifying only visible behaviors
pear-shaped muscular organ in woman's abdomen that houses developing baby
nature-interacts-w/-nurture idea that genetic tendencies/predispositions produce certain responses from others
study of aging process and older adults
phase of sleep involving rapid eye movements, when EEG looks almost like it does during waking
two-word combinations
growth occurs from head to toe
one of a pair of almond-shaped organts that contain a woman's ova, or eggs
earliest point at which a baby can survive outside the womb
repetitive action-oriented schemas (habits) of babies in sensorimotor stage
union of sperm and egg
DefinitionTerm
chronic lack of adequate food
research using preferential looking & habituation to explore what very young babies know about faces
moment during woman's monthly cycle when an ovum is expelled from ovary
fertilized ovum
growth occurs from most interior parts of body outward
cylindrical structure that forms along back of embryo & develops into brain and spinal cord
long nerve fiber that usually conducts impulses away from cell body of neuron
Bowlby's theory about importance of being closely connected w/ caregiver, etc
table that appears to 'end' in a drop-off at its midpoint; used to test infant depth perception
hollow sphere of cells formed during germinal stage in prep. for implantation
unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant
method of delivering baby surgically by extracting baby through incisions in abdominal wall & in uterus
formation of fatty layer encasing axons of neurons
bag-shaped, fluid-filled membrane that contains & insulates fetus
first 14 days of prenatal development, from fertilization to full implantation
physical or neurological problem that occurs prenatally or at birth
measurement strategy that involves directly watching & coding behaviors
phase of life beginning after high school, tapers off toward late 20s, devoted to constructing an adult life
branching fiber the receives info & conducts impulses toward cell body of neuron
pregnant woman's first feeling of fetus moving inside her body
theory that says people learn by watching others & our thoughts determine behavior
gap b/t dendrites of one neuron and axon of another over which impulses flow
alternating vowel and consonant sounds repeatedly; precedes the first words
male organs that manufacture sperm
theory that highlights role that inborn, species-specific behaviors play in human dev. & life
forming of connections b/t neurons at the synapses
inability to conceive after a year of unprotected sex (also inability to carry child to term)
approach to language development emphasizing social function; babies & adults have mutual passion to communicate
second stage of prenatal development, lasting from week 3 to week 8
structure projecting from uterine wall from which developing baby absorbs nutrients
researchers/practitioners who study the human lifespan

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