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drafted “Requerimiento,” a Spanish legal document that claimed to justify imperialism and conquest of the Americas in the name of Christianity.
a written declaration of sovereignty over the Americas; used to justify that God, through Peter and his successors, help authority over the whole ear
name of the province under Spanish colonial jurisdiction in northern South America in modern Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama
a province governed by a viceroy on behalf of the Spanish monarch. Through this system, the Spanish monarch maintained a degree of control over Spanish colonies in the Americas des
Spanish Dominican priest; one of the first defenders of Native Americans.
merging and converging of cultures. term coined by Cuban anthropologist Fernando Ortiz in 1940. the result of colonial conquest and subjugation, especially in a postcolonial era as
a reaction of the indigenous and creole population to the ruling class of peninsulares (i.e. those from the Iberian peninsula). Liberatadors were able to draw upon this pride of be
labor system during the colonization. encomederos were granted a specified number of natives to protect and also teach the Spanish lan
second president of Mexico and the first to come from las clases populares. at first collaborated with Agustín de Iturbide, joining forces under the Plan de Iguala. When Iturbide'
changed the character of New Spain by revising governmental and economic structures. They also prompted renewed migration of Spaniards to the colonies to occupy newly created gover
Mexican priest who led Mexican indigenous and mestizo peasants in the Mexican War of Independence; revolted against the dominant peninsulares under the Virgin of Guadalupe
viceroyalty in Mexico City, most profitable and populous of all Spanish viceroyalities in the Americas containing 4/10ths of Spanish Americans. Present day California, Texas, south
Mexican catholic priest and revolutionary rebel leader in the Mexican War of Independence movement. He famously wrote “Sentiments of a Nation” a 23 point document that served a
Ferdinand and Isabella. Completed the reconquista. re-established the Spanish Inquistion. Funded the voyages of Colombus.
Mexican army general who marched into Mexico City in September 1821, decisively ending the Mexican War of Independence; was proclaimed Emperor of the new nation and ruled briefly f
A Venezuelan soldier. Not Bolivar. The precursor. he developed a visionary plan to liberate and unify all of Spanish America
Mexican friar whose sermon questioning the apparitions of the Virgin of Guadalupe in Mexico City that led to his arrest by the Inquisition. he delivered his famous speech 'Discurso
uprising by the inhabitants of the Viceroyalty of New Granada (Colombia and Venezuela) against the Spanish authorities in 1781. The uprisings preceded the fight for liberation agai
a cacique (hereditary chief) in the Tinta region of southern Peru. In 1780 he arrested and executed the corregidor (provincial administrator), Antonio Arriaga, on charges of cruelt
A Spanish American of European, usually Spanish descent. A social class in the caste system.
Spanish estates in the colonies that aimed for self suffiency; a system of large landholdings in which peasants worked for the owner of the land
1/10. paid as a contribution or as a tax or levy, usually to support a religious organization. compulsory tax on most landowners. proved to have the greatest affect on the creole p
struggle to drive the Muslims out of Spain, took more than 700 years, from 711 until Granada fell in 1492. also served as a war for plunder for the Spanish crown, a popular place o
el libertador. dreamed of unifying the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America into one state but did not succeed. with Jose de San Martin, played a key role in the colonies' s
general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from Spain. both he and Bolivar are seen as the two greatest Libertadors o
a political-military leader with authoritarian power. depends on a cult of personality to gain widespread support of the people and utilizes militias to maintain order as well as t

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Created Sep 23, 2010ReportNominate
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