Literature Quiz / Greek Tragedy Terms

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Can you name the Greek Tragedy Terms?

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DescriptionGreek Tragedy Term
in general, 'competition'; specifically, the major struggles and interactions in Greek Tragedies.
Often the protagonists in tragedy undergo a process of recognition, in which they see their own nature, and destiny, more clearly than before.
the opponent of the protagonist (in some tragedies).
is a sequence of half-lines split between two speakers.
In Aristotle's Poetics, the 'purging' or 'cleansing' of fear and pity, which the audience develops during the climax of a tragedy.
In classic Greek plays, an ensemble of characters representing the general public of the play, such as the women of Argos or the elders of Thebes. Originally, the chorus numbered f
chorus leader; steps forward to speak with protagonists
The point of highest tension in a play, when the conflicts of the play are at their fullest expression.
The final scene or scenes in a play devoted to tying up the loose ends after the climax (although the word originally meant 'the untying').
the second actor. Originally there was only one actor who addressed the chorus. The first actor was the main actor whom we still refer to as protagonist. The third actor was the tr
Or 'Great Dionysia' or 'City Dionysia'; the week-long Athenian springtime festival in honour of Dionysus, which was, after 534 B.C., the major play-producing festival of the Greek
The Greek god of drama as well as the god of drinking, fertility and ecstasy. Dionysus was known as Bacchus in Rome.
is an extended sequence of two-line speeches in alternation.
The situation when the audience knows something the characters don't, as in Shakespeare's Macbeth, when King Duncan (!!) remarks on his inability to judge character - while warmly
'entrances' to performance space; the opposite of an eisodos is an exodos.
a cart inside the skênê which could be suddenly rolled out to display the result of an event inside; e.g. the murder of Agamemnon
Audience members' identification with dramatic characters and their consequent shared feelings with the plights and fortunes of those characters. Empathy is one of the principal e
In play construction, the conveyance, through dialogue, of story events that have occurred before the play begins.
Character flaw or judgment error of the protagonist of a Greek tragedy. Hamartia is derived the Greek word hamartanein, meaning to err or to make a mistake. The first writer to use
DescriptionGreek Tragedy Term
Great pride. Hubris often is the character flaw (hamartia) of a protagonist in Greek drama. Pride was considered a grave sin because it placed too much emphasis on individual will,
a crane used to lift actors above the acting area; usually actors are playing gods here, hence the phrase deus ex machina
A literary term a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in “All the wor
A long unbroken speech in a play, often delivered directly to the audience (when it is more technically called a soliloquy).
the family unit, including its physical property; its needs are often in tension with the polis
the dancing area; chorus occupies this space.
the first ode the chorus sings as it enters the orchestra
'Passion,' in Greek; also 'suffering.' The word refers to the depths of feeling evoked by tragedy; it is at the root of our words 'sympathy' and 'empathy,' which also describe th
In a tragedy, sudden reversal of fortune from good to bad.
the ancient Greek word for 'city-state'; the primary political organization
Main character in an ancient Greek play who usually interacts with the chorus. In a tragedy, the protagonist is traditionally a person of exalted status--such as a king, a queen, a
forwardness of mind, readiness (of mind), ready (willing) mind.
pronounced 'skaynay'; building or tent at back of acting area; often painted for scenery.
A monologue delivered by a single actor with no one else onstage, sometimes played as the character 'thinking aloud' and sometimes as a seeming dialogue with the (silent) audience
any choral ode sung subsequent to the parodos
the line-by-line debates which increase the pace adding excitement and tension.
performance site of drama in Athens on the south slope of the acropolis (see below); part of shrine to this god

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