History Quiz / A History of European Union Treaties

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Can you guess the years these EU treaties were signed?

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TreatyYearDetail
ECSC Treaty (Treaty of Paris)Establishes the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), signed by France, Italy, West Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands
EEC Treaty (Treaty of Rome)Establishes the European Economic Community (EEC) leading to a customs union and common market, signed by France, Italy, West Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands
Euratom TreatyEstablishes the European Atomic Energy Community between Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany
Convention on certain institutions common to the European CommunitiesEstablishes a common Assembly, a common Court of Justice and a common Economic and Social Committee
Netherlands Antilles ConventionAwards the Netherlands Antilles Overseas Country and Territory status.
Merger TreatyMerger of the ECSC, EEC and EAEC into the Commission of the European Communities
First Budgetary TreatyPartial budgetary power to the European Parliament
Treaty of Accession (1)First expansion of the EC to include the UK, Denmark and Ireland. Norway votes not to join the union.
Second Budgetary TreatyGreater budgetary powers to parliament, Establishes the Court of Auditors
Treaty of Accession (2)Second expansion of the EC to include Greece.
Greenland TreatyGreenland (joined the EC with Denmark) allowed to leave the EC after the Greenlandic referendum of 1982
Treaty of Accession (3)Third expansion of the EC extending membership to Spain and Portugal and expanding the EC to a total of 10 member countries.
Schengen AgreementEstablishes open borders between EC members, the UK and Ireland opt out of the agreement.
Single European ActIntroduced the Single Market and European Political Cooperation
TreatyYearDetail
Schengen ConventionImplementation of the Schengen Agreement
Treaty of MaastrichtCreation of the EU with the EC becoming one of 3 pillars. Creating of a common foreign & security policy and police & judicial cooperation as the 2 other pillars.
Treaty of Accession (4)Fourth expansion of the EU to extend membership to Sweden, Finland and Austria. Norway votes again not to join the union.
Treaty of AmsterdamIntroduced High Representatives, integrates the Schengen Agreement into EU law and transfers powers from JHA to EC pillars.
Treaty of NiceTreaty to prepare the EU for rapid enlargement.
Treaty of Accession (5)Fifth expansion of the EU, membership extended to the Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia and Slovakia, taking total membership to 25 states.
Treaty of Accession (6)Sixth expansion, expanding membership to Bulgaria and Romania.
Treaty of LisbonCreation of the European Council President, expansion of European parliament’s powers and makes the rights charter binding.
Protocol on European Parliament seatsIncreases the number of MEPs to 754 temporarily.
TFEU ESM amendmentEstablishment of the European Stability Mechanism
Treaty of Accession (7)Seventh expansion of the EU to include Croatia
Irish protocol on the Lisbon TreatyFormalised Irish Guarantees
Agreement on Unified Patent CourtEstablishing the Unified Patent Court (not yet ratified)

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