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Protection against cruel and unusual punishment
Enlightment philosopher best known for creating separation of powers, and checks and balances. Wrote The Spirit of Laws
Member of Congress is apart of which branchSpeaker of the House - Paul Ryan
System of overlapping powers between the different branches of government Ex.Overriding a presidential video
Wanted to replace the Articles of Confederation with the Constitution.Wanted to strengthen central government
Chamber of Congress represented by population size.House of Representatives
Established a Legislative Branch with two houses. (Established the house and the Senate)
The President is apart of which branch. Bill Clinton, Obama
A failed attempt at self-governance. Established freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition. National government was too weak under this system
Judicial philosophy interprets the Constitution based on the original meaning of the Constitution Ex. Precedent
_____________ jurisdiction the first to hear a court case
Civic ___________ means citizens must do by law. Serving jury duty, and attending school
_______________ government the legislative branches and executive branches are intertwined and the chief sovereign is appointed from the legislature.
Arguably:Most important amendment in the Bill of Rights
First form of self governance in US History.Signed 1620's
Replaced Plessy vs. Ferguson
System of divided power between a national and state level government.10th Amendment
Abolished slavery
________________ Powers Established by the Necessary and Proper clause give the federal more power to complete expressed powers.
They believed the Bill of Rights was essential.Debate regarding the Articles of Confederation, they feared strong national government
_______________ government where the legislative and executive branches are elected separately.The Chief sovereign is elected by the people.
______________ Theory The government is given authority to govern by the people. The people may remove the government, if they are dissatisifed
Fraction needed to override a presidential veto.
Women's Suffrage
VotingThe people have authority of any and all governmental power
Official charge against an elected official.Andrew Jackson, and Bill Clinton
____cameral.A legislative branch with one chamber
s a collection of people who share certain views on public matters. NRA, MADD, and VFW
President refuses to sign a bill
__________________ Powers Shared by both the federal and state level governments
Established independence from the Crown.Signed 1776
Most bills or perspective laws die here
Ex. Denied Power 'to bring the body before a judge'
Chamber of Congress led by equal representatives.Senate
is the peocess by which organized interests attempt to influence public officials
Government led by a king or queen. Ex. Great Britain
Civic __________ means citizens should complete a task but are not lawfully required.Ex. Voting and volunteering
Changed the process of electing senators. Senators are elected by the people instead of appointed
Our votes are sent to electors who elect the president on our behalf
Changed the process for electing the president and vice priesident
limited Presidential term limit (2 terms).Rule implemented for FDR
New wave of thinking which encouraged social progress and reasoning.18th Century (Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu)
___________________ Powers given to the federal government which are directly stated in the Constitution
A judge or justice is apart of which branch of government. Supreme Court Justice Nick Roberts
Enlightenment philosopher who established that individuals have natural rights.Life, liberty and property
Established Judicial Review
Brown vs. Board of EducationJudicial philosophy the Constitution is interpreted as time and society change
Ex. Denied Power Punishment without a trial
Established presidential succession.Vice President may take over for a president who can no longer perform his duties.
Protection against unreasonable search and seizure.Warrants must only be issued with probable cause
is a group of people who seek to control government by winning elections. Republican, Democracts
____________ jurisdiction court case called up to another court on a appeal. Supreme Court hears most of the cases based on this jurisdiciton
'Let it be' hands off approach to decision making
Ex.Department of Homeland Security, FBI, CIA, Department of Defense
Government must act fairly and in accord with established rules in all that it does.ex.Miranda v. Arizona
Marbury vs. Madison.The Supreme Court's ability to decide whether a governmental action is constitutional or not
Deemed segregation as Constitutional
When federal and state courts share jurisdicition
To confirm or approve
Reps+Senate+23rd AmendmentTotal number of votes in the electoral college
Number of votes needed to win the Electoral College
A president ignores a bill and it automatically dies
Document which limited the power of the monarchy. Ratified 1215
Lowered the voting age to 18
An aspect of federalism. ___________ Powers.Powers not directly given to the federal government are reserved for the states
Ex. Denied Power A law applied to an act before its committed
.Enlightment philosopher who believed men to be 'nasty and brutish and must be controlled by an absolute authority.'Wrote Leviathan
Upper House of Congress.6 year terms, 30 years, 9 years a US Citizen

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