Science Quiz / AP Psych - Parts of the Brain

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Can you name the parts of the brain?

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FunctionPart
Chemical messengers that cross synaptic gaps between neurons; bind to receptor sites on receiving neuron
Neurons within the brain and spinal cord
Part of limbic system, controls body temperature, libido, hunger, thirst, endocrine system, biological rhythms; pleasure center, reward center
Extension of a neuron, ending in branching fibers
Neural system associated with emotions and drives
Helps control arousal, filters stimuli going to thalamus and relays information to other areas
Junction between axon tip of one neuron and dendrite of another; small gap
Connects brain's hemispheres; removal can stop seizures
Lies at top of head and toward rear; receives sensory information (touch and body position)
Master endocrine gland
Covers hemispheres, ultimate control and information-processing center
Oldest part and central core of brain, responsible for automatic survival functions
Controls blood pressure, heart rate, breathing
Part of limbic system, receives sensory signals from spinal cord and sends them to other areas of the brain
Part of limbic system, fear and aggression
FunctionPart
Neurons that carry incoming information from sensory receptors to brain and spinal cord
Area at front of parietal lobe; registers and processes body touch and movement sensations
A nerve cell
Lies above ears; includes auditory areas, each side receives information from opposite ear
Lies at rear of frontal lobe; controls voluntary movements
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and glands
Pathway of neural fibers to and from brain, controls reflexes
Layer of fatty tissue encasing fibers of neurons; enables greater transmission speed of neural impulses
Bundled axons that form neural 'cables'
Connects hindbrain with midbrain and forebrain; control of facial expressions
Lies behind forehead; speaking, muscle movements, making plans, judgment
'Little brain'; habitual muscle movements, basic biological functions
Part of limbic system, new memories, before storage
Bushy, branching extensions of a neuron
Lies at back of head; receives information from visual fields

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