Science Quiz / Pleural effuson

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Can you name the Pleural effuson

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HintAnswer
An excessive accumulation of fluid in the __
It can be detected clinically when there is __ or more present
And by plain CXRwhen there is more than __
Massive effusions are most commonly __ in origin
A small effusion may be __
Or may cause __
With a large effusion there is dense __ shadow occupying part of the hemithorax
& a __ visible on a n erect CXR
On the affected side there us reduced __
It is __ to percussion
There are absent __
And the mediastinum is shifted __
Pleural effusions are __ or __
Transudates occur when the balance of __ forces in the chest favour the accumulation of pleural fluid
Occasionally caused by movement of fluid from the __ or __
Exudates occur with damaged or altered __
Resulting in loss of __ & __
Or from impaired __ of the pleural space
Treatment for a transudate is that of the __
Treatment of an exudate often requires specific __
HintAnswer
Blood effusion is called __
Pus effusion is called __
Lymph effusion is called __
Lymph effusions are caused by leakage of lymph from the __
As a result of trauma or infiltration by __
The initial investigation is diagnostic __
Unless the clinical picture clearly suggests a __
Image guidance for small effusions is done using __
Large effusions causing breathlessness are initially managed with large volume __
Pleural fluid is __ in empyema
__ in infected effusion
__ in chylothorax
The sample is sent for __
pH under __ suggests infection
Cytology may be negative in __ effusion
Occasionally amylase is measured in suspected __ effusion
A __ is taken in suspected chylothorax
If diagnostic aspiration does not provide a diagnosis, a __ is performed
Pleural biopsy for tissue diagnosis is obtained by __
Blind biopsy is via an __

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