Science Quiz / A Tour of the Cell

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Can you name the Cell Terms?

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Contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell. Also the most conspicuous organelle.
a thin and flexible layer first secreted by a young plant cell
the most abundant glycoprotein in the ECM
Focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or onto its surface
Sacs made of membrane that transit from one part of a cell to another.
Lines the nuclear side of the nuclear envelope; a netlike array of protein filaments that maintain the shape of the nucleus.
sites of cellular respiration, the metabolic process that generates ATP by extracting energy from sugars, fats, and other fuels with the help of oxygen
Encloses the nucleus and separates its contents from the cytoplasm.
found only in plants and algae, sites of photosynthesis, convert solar energy to chemical energy by absorbing sunlight and using it to drive the synthesis of organic compounds
a layer between the plasma membrane and the primary cell wall
Structure that DNA is organized into; they carry genetic information.
oxidative organelle that imports its proteins primarily from the cytosol
Mature plant cells generally contain a large ____ .
Semifluid substance found in the membrane
Made of proteins and DNA; it makes up a chromosome.
one of a family of closely related plant organelles that includes chloroplasts Thylakoids: a membranous system in the form of flattened, interconnected sacs
In a prokaryotic cell, the DNA is concentrated in a region called the____
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through glass lenses in a____.
Place where ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is synthesized from instructions in the DNA.
within the centrosome of animal cells in pairs, may help organize microtubule assembly
Subcellular structure
a think layer rich in sticky polysaccharides
Particles made of ribosomal RNA and protein; carry out protein synthesis.
Functions as a selective barrier that allows passage of select elements
A system that synthesizes proteins and their transport into membranes and organelles or out of cells, metabolism and movement of lipids.
responsible for the bending movements of cilia and flagella
a network of fiber extending throughout the cytoplasm, it plays a major role in organizing the structures and activities of the cell
A network of membranes that lacks ribosomes on its surface, which helps with metabolic processes.
a region often located near the nucleus where microtubules grow out from
A cell without a nucleus
A network of membranes that have ribosomes on its surface, which secrete proteins.
the substance in which animal tissue cells are embedded
another name for microfilaments since they are built from molecules of a globular protein called actin
Powerful machines that spin fast and apply forces to achieve cell fractation
A center of manufacturing, warehousing, sorting, and shipping.
The region between the nucleus and the plasma membrane in a Eukaryote is called____.
changes in cell location and more limited movements of parts of the cell
Proteins that have carbohydrates bonded to them.
A membranous sac of hydrolytic enzymes that an animal cell uses to digest all kinds of macromolecules
a stack of thylakoids
A process where protists eat by engulfing smaller organisms or food particles
Goal of this is to take cells apart and separate the major organelles from each other

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