Science Quiz / Physiology final quiz

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Describe the structure and organization of the skeletal muscle
Describe the process of excitability
Explain which neurotransmitters open/close ligand gaited ion channels
Explain the process of electrical conductivity
Explain the process of contractility
Explain crossbridge cycling
Explain the sliding filament model
Describe the process of Excitation contraction coupling(ECC)
Describe contraction relaxation phases
Describe the relationship between muscle tension, sarcomere length, temporal summation and spatial summation
Define isotonic and isometric muscle contractions
Name the 3 ways a muscle fiber can form ATP and associate them with effort level
Define fatigue and discuss possible central and peripheral causes
Name the 3 types of muscle fibers
Describe the anatomy of smooth muscles
List the similarities and differences between smooth and skeletal muscles
List the smooth muscles characteristics
Explain the myosin light chain phosphrylation
Describe smooth muscle contraction and relaxation. And relate it to duration
Explain how Ca2+ enters the sarcoplasm
Define slow wave potential and pacemaker potential
Oultine the process chemical signals have in smooth muscle contraction and relaxation
Compare between phasic and tonic smooth muscle
Compare between single and multi-unit smooth muscles and provide examples
HintAnswer
Define labeled line coding and receptor potential
Describe adaptation and relate it tonic and phasic receptors
Define primary and secondary neurons with and without convergence
Descrbe the pathway of labeled line coding
Define the relationship between the 2 point discrimination test, sensitivity to touch and receptive fields
Describe the relationship between lateral inhibition and stimulus strength
Describe the relationship between sensitivity of body region and space provided by the cortex
Describe the similarities and difference between dorsal-medial lemniscus and anterolateral spinothalamic pathway
Define ipsilateral, contralateral and decussate
Describe what would happen if both the spinal cord and cerebral cortex get damaged
Describe the characteristics of touch and temperature receptors
Describe the characteristics of pain
Explain pain modulation and reffered pain
Describe the pathway from the external ear to cochlea
Describe how stereocilia create action potentials in auditory neurons
How does the basilar membrane impact pitch and loudness of sound
How do we localize sound
Identify the site of damage of conductive, sensorineural and central hearing loss.
Name and describe the components of the vestibular appartus
Describe the structure of the semicircular canals and how they monitor rotational acceleration
Define the structure of the otoliths and how they monitor linear acceleration and head position
Describe the affect gravity has on otolith organs
Describe the equilibrium pathway
Explain the causes of vertigo, motion sickness and Miniere's disease
HintAnswer
Describe the pathway of light trough the eye
Explain the role the autonomic nervous system has in controlling pupilary smooth muscle and the pupilary reflex
Describe the process of accomodation in near vision
Define astigmatism, presbyopia, hyperopia and myopia.
Define the retina, bipolar cells, ganglion cells, rods and cones, fovea and blind spot
Explain bleaching
Describe phototransuction
Describe the optic pathway*
Describe the pathway of the intergration of sensory info into an involuntary response
Identify the location of the synapses of the autonomic and somatic nervous systems
Explain the difference between the stretch reflex and autonomic relfexes
Name and describe the 3 types of propriocepters
Describe the Golgi tendon organs
Describe Muscle spindles
Describe alpha-gamma coactivation and reciprocal inhibition
Describe flexion and cross-extensor reflexes
Compare postural reflex, voluntary and voluntary movement
Compare postural and spinal reflexes
Define rythmic movement
Define central pattern generator and its role in walking
Name structures that plan, initiate and execute movement
Describe the relationship between the basal ganglia and parkinson's
Describe the cortical spinal pathway

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Created Dec 5, 2018ReportNominate
Tags:final, physiology

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