History Quiz / ART TEST 3: Vocabulary

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Can you name the vocal word? Probably not

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a column, pier, or post found at the center of a large portal or doorway, supporting the lintel; the post in between two doors
the face or front wall of a building
decoration made of interwoven animals or serpents
a container, often elaborate and made of precious materials, used as a repository for sacred relics
a round window, often filled with stained glass set into tracery patterns in the form of wheel spokes, found in the facades of the naves and transepts of large Gothic churches
East end of a church, usually contains the apse and radiating chapels
projecting chapels arranged radially around the ambulatory
an arched bridge above the aisle roof that extends from the upper nave wall, where the lateral thrust of the main vault is greatest, down to a solid pier
meant to be placed behind an altar
the arrangement, proportions, and details of any vertical side or face of a building. Also: an architectural drawing showing an exterior or interior wall of a building
black stone used as structure of stain glass window; stonework or woodwork forming a pattern in the open space of windows or applied to wall surfaces
the figure’s body and posture is depicted in a serpentine, curvilinear S shape
a groin vault with ribs (extra masonry) demarcating the junctions. Ribs may function to reinforce groins or may be purely decorative
Technique – a style of painting in monochromatic shades of gray
the area over a door enclosed by an arch and a lintel, often decorated with sculpture or mosaic; the decoration under the arch/above the door
repeating unit of architecture, building blocks of the same thing. also a system of classifying types of arches
a figure carved into the jambs of a doorway or window
a continuous horizontal band, such as molding, decorating the face of a wall
underground area under church
long and skinny with pointed arch at top; a tall, narrow window crowned by a sharply pointed arch
Square columns with 4 engaged columns on each side to support arches or vaults
element of the interior elevation of a church, found directly below the clerestory and consisting of a series of arched openings
Italian word for “majesty”; virgin and child enthroned in majesty Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned (Maestà) (Western Europe)
overlapping lace-like pattern; usually on sacred books
a unit of space defined by architectural elements such as columns, piers, and walls
the study and interpretation of types of symbols (in the bible) using elements from the Jewish bible (old testament) to act as a precursor to what happened in the new testament

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