History Quiz / ART TEST 3: Vocabulary

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Can you name the vocal word? Probably not

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Italian word for “majesty”; virgin and child enthroned in majesty Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned (Maestà) (Western Europe)
element of the interior elevation of a church, found directly below the clerestory and consisting of a series of arched openings
the arrangement, proportions, and details of any vertical side or face of a building. Also: an architectural drawing showing an exterior or interior wall of a building
the figure’s body and posture is depicted in a serpentine, curvilinear S shape
an arched bridge above the aisle roof that extends from the upper nave wall, where the lateral thrust of the main vault is greatest, down to a solid pier
Technique – a style of painting in monochromatic shades of gray
projecting chapels arranged radially around the ambulatory
long and skinny with pointed arch at top; a tall, narrow window crowned by a sharply pointed arch
black stone used as structure of stain glass window; stonework or woodwork forming a pattern in the open space of windows or applied to wall surfaces
a round window, often filled with stained glass set into tracery patterns in the form of wheel spokes, found in the facades of the naves and transepts of large Gothic churches
a continuous horizontal band, such as molding, decorating the face of a wall
underground area under church
a container, often elaborate and made of precious materials, used as a repository for sacred relics
a unit of space defined by architectural elements such as columns, piers, and walls
the area over a door enclosed by an arch and a lintel, often decorated with sculpture or mosaic; the decoration under the arch/above the door
the study and interpretation of types of symbols (in the bible) using elements from the Jewish bible (old testament) to act as a precursor to what happened in the new testament
meant to be placed behind an altar
repeating unit of architecture, building blocks of the same thing. also a system of classifying types of arches
a column, pier, or post found at the center of a large portal or doorway, supporting the lintel; the post in between two doors
decoration made of interwoven animals or serpents
a groin vault with ribs (extra masonry) demarcating the junctions. Ribs may function to reinforce groins or may be purely decorative
East end of a church, usually contains the apse and radiating chapels
the face or front wall of a building
a figure carved into the jambs of a doorway or window
Square columns with 4 engaged columns on each side to support arches or vaults
overlapping lace-like pattern; usually on sacred books

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