Literature Quiz / Criminal Law - Theft

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Can you name the Criminal Law cases for Theft?

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TopicCase
AR - Switching price labels in a shop amounts to appropriation by assuming owner rights
AR - Offering up goods for sale amounts to appropriation by assuming the owners rights
AR - Only one of the owner's rights need be assumed for Appropriation
AR - Consent is irrelevant, as Appropriation will be dealt with independently
AR - Applying Gomez, you can also appropriate gifts
AR - A continuing act may constitue Appropriation
AR - Under s3(2), a purchaser who has acquired property under good faith willl not be guilty of theft upon realisation that the goods are stolen (MR) - Right to possession, not own
AR - Property belonging to another includes possession & control - it is possible to steal your own property
AR - The courts will rarely grant that property has been abandoned - Rubbish deemed as intended for the council
AR - A person needn't be aware they are in possession of property for it to belong to them, mere control is sufficient
AR - Intention to exercise control is key to this
AR - Money given for a specific purpose under s5(3), willl be deemed to still belong to the givers when a legal obligation arises - such as under a trust
AR - Legal obligations arise when money is given for a charitable purpose
AR - Legal obligations depend on the facts - A booking company who dissipated client's funds by paying off creditors were not guilty of thert - They were under no obligation to iso
AR - A company making fiduciary promises to their clients (Timeshare Investments) are under a legal obligation
AR - Money given by mistake, but intended for the recipient nonetheless, did not give rise to theft at common law
AR - s5(4) now imposes a legal obligation to make restoration on those who receive property by mistake
TopicCase
AR - A person who gives money by mistake retains an equitable interest
AR - Ownership of Petrol transfers the moment petrol enters the tank
AR - Ownership of Food transfers the moment it is eaten
AR - Confidential Information (IPs, Exams) cannot be stolen
AR - Electricity cannot be stolen
MR - The s2(1) exceptions to dishonesty are subjective, pertaining to what the Defendant Believed
MR - Test for Dishonesty: 1) Was D's behaviour dishonest by the ordinary standards of reasonable & honest people...2) Did D realise that his actions were dishonest by those standar
MR - Taking money with the intention to replace it with a substitute (even new coins/notes) constitutes an intention to permanently deprive -ITPD
MR - ITPD is extended in s6(1) - 'to treat as his own regardless of other's rights' - This is not always required
MR - To dispose of goods by sale amounts to an ITPD even if returning goods
MR - 'To dispose' follows the dictionary definition - 'to deal with definitely; get rid off; get done with; finish; make over by way of sale/bargain
MR - Property rendered useless is 'gotten rid off' (headphones)- ITPD
MR - Ransoms are covered by 'Making over by way of bargain'
MR - dealing with it in a manner known to risk its loss amounts to ITPD
MR - Merely dealing with property does not amount to ITPD
MR - Borrowing only amounts to ITPD where all the Goodness, Virtue & Practical Value have gone

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