Science Quiz / Materials Science Vocab

Random Science or Vocabulary Quiz

Can you name the Materials Science Vocab?

 Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Also try: The Last: Science
Challenge
Share
Tweet
Embed
Score 0/90 Timer 15:00
DefinitionWord
equilibrium phase transformations involving zero degrees of freedom
a unit cell with an atomic packing arrangement in which one atom is in contact with eight identical atoms located at the corners of an imaginary cube
the first stage in the annealing process that results in removal of residual stresses and formation of low energy dislocation configurations
the composition of the liquid phase that reacts to form two new solid phases at the eutectic temperature
the temperature at which a eutectic reaction takes place
test in which a 1 inch diameter bar 4 inches long is austenitized and then water-quenched at one end. Hardness is measured along the side of the bar up to about 2.5 inches from the
a mixture of ferrite and cementite phases in parallel plates produced by the eutectoid decomposition of austenite
a combination of a slip plane and a slip direction
the inter metallic compound Fe3C; a hard and brittle phase
in the band theory, local energy levels close to the valence band
the measure of the difficulty of electric current to pass through a unit volume of material
metals and alloys that contain a large percentage of iron such as steels and cast irons
a convenient repeating unit of a space lattice. The axial lengths and axial angles are the lattice constants of this.
average force divided by the original cross-sectional area
a scientific discipline that is primarily concerned with the search for basic knowledge about the internal structure, properties, and processing of materials
stress divided by strain in the elastic region of an engineering stress-strain diagram
The critical value of the stress-intensity factor that causes failure of the plate in the tensile test
substances of which something is composed or made
a negative charge carrier with a charge of 1.6 x 10-19 C
a localized decrease in cross sectional area of a tensile test specimen
an ion with a negative charge
a region of a metal crystal which is a mirror image of a similar region along a plane
a measure of the ease with which electric current passes through a unit volume of material
a mixture of alpha ferrite and very small particles of Fe3C particles produced by the decomposition of austenite; a nonlamellar eutectoid decomposition product of austenite
the stress at which a specific amount of strain occurs in the engineering tensile test. In the US the yield strength is determined for 0.2 percent strain
the temperature during the solidification of an alloy at which the last of the liquid phase solidifies
a positive charge carrier with a charge of 1.6 x 10-19 C
conditions where the layers are perpendicular to the applied stress and produces an equal stress condition on all the layers
grains which are approximately equal size in all directions and have random orientations
one that is to the left of the eutectic point
DefinitionWord
the measure of the difficulty of electric current to pass through a volume of material
metals and alloys that do not contain iron, or if they do contain iron, it is only in a relatively small percentage
in the band theory, local energy levels near the conduction band that lie within the band gap
if a metal deformed by a force cannot fully recover to its original dimensions, it undergoes this process
materials that are mixtures of two or more materials
a phase transformation in which all the liquid phase transforms on cooling into two solid phases isothermally
A surface imperfection that separates crystals of different orientations in a polycrystalline aggregate
the change in length of sample divided by the original length of the sample
A regular three-dimensional pattern of atoms or ions in space
the point determined by the eutectic composition and temperature
an interstitial solid solution of carbon in FCC iron; the maximum solid solubility of carbon in FCC iron is 2.0 wt%
a unit cell with an atomic packing arrangement in which 12 atoms surround a central atom. The stacking sequence is ABCABC...
Materials which are characterized by high thermal and electrical conductivity
the energy band containing the valence electrons. In a conductor the valence band is also the conductor band. The valence band in a conducting metal is not full so some elctrons ca
A directional primary bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
a material with a high electrical conductivity
the tensile strength of a material divided by its density
a mode of fracture characterized by slow crack propagation
a crystalline structure that contains many grains
a material whose electrical conductivity is approximately midway between the values for conductors and insulators
temperature at which reduced ductility and fracture resistancve of a material is observed
an engineering discipline that is primarily concerned with the use of fundamental and applied knowledge of materials so that they can be converted into products needed or desired b
a physically homogeneous and distinct portion of a material system
the unfilled energy levels into which electrons can be excited to become conductive electrons. In semiconductors and insulators there is an energy gap between the filled lower vale
a semiconductor that has been doped with an impurity element to increase its electrical conductivity
an interstitial solid solution of carbon in BCC iron; the maximum solid solubility of carbon in BCC iron is 0.02 wt%
conditions where all the stress on a material causes uniform strain parallel to the composite layers as it pulls the edges apart
A crystalline imperfection in which a lattice distortion is centered around a line
Materials consisting of compounds of metals, nonmetals, and metalloids
an ion with a positive charge
DefinitionWord
A primary bond resulting from the sharing of delocalized electrons
the maximum stress in the engineering stress-strain diagram
the process of atoms moving over each other during permanent deformation
materials used in electronics, especially microelectronics
a semiconducting material which is essentially pure and for which the energy gap is small enough to be surmounted by thermal excitation
a mode of fracture characterized by rapid crack propagation
one that is to the right of the eutectic point
a steel with 0.8 precent C
the electric current per unit area, J (A/m^2 are units)
the temperature at which liquid starts to solidify under equilibrium conditions
a single crystal in a polycrystalline aggregate
the tensile modulus of a material divided by its density
Electrons in the outermost shells, which are most often involved in bonding
a unit cell with an atomic packing arrangement in which 12 atoms surround a central identical atom. The stacking sequence is ABABAB
line markings on the surface of a metal due to slip caused by permanent deformation
a supersaturated interstitial solid solution of carbon in body-centered tetragonal iron
The time rate passage of charge through material
if a metal deformed by a force returns to its original dimensions after the force is removed, the metal undergoes this process
a system where no macroscopic changes take place with time
the ease of forming martensite in a steel upon quenching from the austenitic condition. Mainly a funtion of composition and grain size
permenant deformation of metals and alloys below the temperature at which a strain-free microstructure is produced continuously. Causes a metal to be strain hardened
a mixture of two or more metals or a metal (metals) and a nonmetal (nonmetals)
a measure of the resistance of a material to permanent deformation
the second stage of the annealing process, in which new grains start to grow and dislocation density decreases significantly
materials consisting of long molecular chains or networks of low weight elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. have low electrical conductivities
a material with a low electrical conductivity
A non-directional primary bond resulting from electrostatic attraction
a measure of the amount of energy a material can absorb before fracture
an alloy of two or more metals or a metal(s) and a nonmetal(s) which is a single phase atomic mixture
the volume of atoms in a selected unit cell divided by the volume of the unit cell

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Join for Free
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras

Top Quizzes Today


Score Distribution

Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.

Report this User

Report this user for behavior that violates our Community Guidelines.

Details: