Miscellaneous Quiz / Higher research methods quiz (GCSE psychology)

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QUIZ: Can you correctly answer the questions about higher research methods?

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Give one method of research where the disadvantages include not knowing whether the participants are telling the truth, therefore possibly affecting the accuracy of the results?
How many observers are needed to ensure inter-observer reliability?
In which type of interview does the researcher have a preset topic and may have a starter topic but the following questions will be based on the response of the interviewee?
Name one disadvantage of the observational method
Can structured interviews be frustrating for the interviewer,the interviewee or both of them?
Which method of research is usually very high in ecologically validity, is seen as the most sensible way to investigate behaviours of humans and records full,real behaviours?
What is used to see if there is a particular kind of relationship between two variables?
True or false: the following are disadvantages of case studies: data collected can be subjective due to its reliance on memories, there are ethical issues like confidentiality
Which method of research involves the researcher deciding to watch behaviour as it is produced?
All laboratory settings are laboratories. True or false?
Which type of question in a questionnaire allows the participant to write an individual answer (with space provided for this)?
In which type of correlation does one variable increase as the other increases?
In which type of correlation does one variable go down as the other increases?
Questions in structured interviews are always closed. True or false?
Which type of question in a questionnaire will produce information that is easy to collate and put together so the researchers can easily work out percentages and form bar charts?
Which method of research has the following advantages: produces large amounts of data, provides info about people that can't be found out through observation?
A large amount of data has to be collected for each variable to identify a reliable, informative correlation. True or false?
All interviews require a interviewer to fill out a questionnaire with the interviewee's answers. True or false?
Which is the most common survey method that is used to collect large amounts of data from a group of people often spread out across the country?
What type of relationship will there be in the data produced from an experiment?
True of false: once we have identified a correlation you can predict one variable if you have the other one.
Which type of question in a questionnaire may result in the researcher having to categorise the results, which loses the detail and depth of answers?
What do researchers use to make sure that records of behaviour are accurate?
The researcher can ask questions based on an interesting point made by the interviewee in a structured interview. True or false?
Which method of gathering data involves the researcher in direct contact with the respondent?
In which type of interview are all the questions preset, meaning the participants get the same questions in the same order?
Give one example of someone who made something happen so that the natural responses of people could be recorded (in the field of obedience)
True or false: when correlation is used it may be another variable that causes the relationship in the data.
In all natural observations, people are observed in their usual environments and the researcher does not interfere with the location at all. True or false?
What is the name for a the place where the observation is carried out that has been organised by the researcher?
What type of graph is used in correlation?
True or false: Correlation is a research method.
To ensure inter-observer reliability both observers must be watching for the same behaviour in the same place at the same time for the same length of time.True or false?
Give one potential source of information in a case study
In an unstructured interview the interviewee directs the discussion. True or false?
Who found, in 1963, that if you ask people what they will do they can often provide misleading information?
Which type of question in a questionnaire will result in lots of data that is detailed but hard to collate and fit into a pattern?
For which type of question in a questionnaire will the researcher have to ensure that the questions are clear and unambiguous so that the readers are honest, and there is high EV?
Observations in a laboratory setting might lack ecological validity because the participants are aware that the study is taking place. True or false?
For which type of study are the following advantages: provides detailed information about individuals,changes in behaviour can be seen, can be very useful to challenge theories
All case studies are conducted to add to our understanding of human behaviour. True or false?
One disadvantage of questionnaires is that there is no way of checking that the answers given are actually true and therefore the results could be misleading.True or false?
Give one disadvantage on using closed questions in a questionnaire?
Give one advantage of questionnaires
True or false:if two observers have very different behaviour record sheets both sheets have to be discarded because there is no way of telling which is accurate.
True or false: to use correlation each variable must be plotted as a value or score and must be recorded in a pair.
Which type of question in a questionnaire has the range of possible answers determined by the researcher?
Who conducted a famous case study into a man whose eyesight was restored through an operation and whose eyesight was not affected by visual illusions?
Which type of correlation (negative,positive or neither)tells us what causes the relationship between the variables?
Can recording behaviour accurately in an observational study be a problem if it is done without inter-observer reliability?
In the observational method is behaviour produced natural or unnatural?
Which type of question in a questionnaire allows the participant to write an individual answer (with space provided for this)?
How are case studies written up?
In the Hofling study, what did the researchers do to change the environment?
Give one place where case studies are usually conducted
What is used to asses the degree to which observers give consistent estimates or observations of the same behaviour?
What is the name for an in-depth study of an individual or a unique group of people?
Correlation can be used when it is impossible or unethical to carry out an experiment. True or false?
True or false:if two observers have matching or very similar behaviour record sheets inter-observer reliability has been established.

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