Literature Quiz / Argument Review

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Can you name the Argument Term?

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Hint Answer
This fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to “everybody’s doing it, so it must be a good thing to do.
in Latin--peroratio; Brings the essay to a satisfying close.
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to speak on an issue is cited. (argumentum ad verecundiam)
a statement of the main idea of the argument that also previews the major points the writer intends to make.
a claim that proposes a change.
Also called an assertion or proposition, this states the argument’s main idea or position. It differs from a topic or subject in that this has to be arguable.
a claim that argues that something is good or bad, right or wrong.
a fallacy that asserts that a relatively small first step leads to a chain of related events culminating in some significant (usually negative) effect
Five-part argument structure used by classical rhetoricians.
Evidence that is accessed through research, reading, and investigation. It includes factual and historical information, expert opinion, and quantitative data.
A fallacy in which the writer repeats the claim as a way to provide evidence.
a fallacy in which a claim is based on evidence or support that is in doubt.
From the Latin inducere, “to lead into;” a logical process whereby the writer reasons from particulars to universals, using specific cases in order to draw a conclusion, which
An approach to analyzing and constructing arguments Because (evidence as support), therefore (claim), since (warrant or assumption), on account of (backing), unless (reservation).
in Latin--narratio; part of the essay;provides factual information and background material on the subject at hand or establishes why the subject is a problem that needs addressing.
a claim that asserts that something is true or not true.
in Latin-- confirmatio; usually the major part of the text, includes the proof needed to make the writer’s case.
When fear, not based on evidence or reason, is being used as the primary motivator to get others to accept an idea, proposition, or conclusion.(argumentum in terrorem)
A logical structure that uses the major premise and minor premise to reach a necessary conclusion.
Hint Answer
In the Toulmin model, this expresses the assumption necessarily shared by the speaker and the audience.
a logical process whereby one reaches a conclusion by starting with a general principle or universal truth (a major premise) and applying it to a specific case (a minor premise).
a fallacy that claims that something is a cause just because it happened earlier; correlation does not imply causation
in Latin--exordium; part of the essay that introduces the reader to the subject under discussion
In the Toulmin model, this gives voice to possible objections.
a thesis that does not list all the points that writer intends to cover in an essay.
Evidence based on something the writer knows, whether it’s from personal experience, observations, or general knowledge of events.
In the Toulmin model, this uses words like “usually,” “probably,” “maybe,” “in most cases,” and “most likely” to temper the claim, making it less absolute.
A fallacy that occurs when a speaker chooses a deliberately poor or oversimplified example in order to ridicule and refute an idea.
A fallacy in which a faulty conclusion is reached because of inadequate evidence.
A fallacy that occurs when an analogy compares two things that are not comparable.
Latin for “to the man,” this fallacy refers to the specific diversionary tactic of switching the argument from the issue at hand to the character of the other speaker.
in Latin--refutatio ; addresses the counterargument. in classical oration, It is a bridge between the writer’s proof and conclusion.
A process of reasoned inquiry; a persuasive discourse resulting in a coherent and considered movement from a claim to a conclusion.
Developed by psychiatrist Carl Rogers, these arguments are based on the assumption that having a full understanding of an opposing position is essential to responding to it pers
evidence that includes things that can be measured, cited, counted, or otherwise represented in numbers --- for instance, statistics, surveys, polls, census information.
When emotion is used to distract the audience from the facts. No attempt is made to indicate logically why the end argued for should be accepted.
A fallacy in which the speaker presents two extreme options as the only possible choices.

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