Literature Quiz / Argument Review

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Can you name the Argument Term?

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From the Latin inducere, “to lead into;” a logical process whereby the writer reasons from particulars to universals, using specific cases in order to draw a conclusion, which
in Latin--refutatio ; addresses the counterargument. in classical oration, It is a bridge between the writer’s proof and conclusion.
a claim that proposes a change.
a fallacy that claims that something is a cause just because it happened earlier; correlation does not imply causation
A fallacy in which a faulty conclusion is reached because of inadequate evidence.
Evidence that is accessed through research, reading, and investigation. It includes factual and historical information, expert opinion, and quantitative data.
A process of reasoned inquiry; a persuasive discourse resulting in a coherent and considered movement from a claim to a conclusion.
Latin for “to the man,” this fallacy refers to the specific diversionary tactic of switching the argument from the issue at hand to the character of the other speaker.
This fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to “everybody’s doing it, so it must be a good thing to do.
Developed by psychiatrist Carl Rogers, these arguments are based on the assumption that having a full understanding of an opposing position is essential to responding to it pers
A fallacy that occurs when an analogy compares two things that are not comparable.
a claim that asserts that something is true or not true.
Evidence based on something the writer knows, whether it’s from personal experience, observations, or general knowledge of events.
In the Toulmin model, this expresses the assumption necessarily shared by the speaker and the audience.
in Latin--exordium; part of the essay that introduces the reader to the subject under discussion
a claim that argues that something is good or bad, right or wrong.
A fallacy in which the writer repeats the claim as a way to provide evidence.
An approach to analyzing and constructing arguments Because (evidence as support), therefore (claim), since (warrant or assumption), on account of (backing), unless (reservation).
a fallacy that asserts that a relatively small first step leads to a chain of related events culminating in some significant (usually negative) effect
Hint Answer
In the Toulmin model, this uses words like “usually,” “probably,” “maybe,” “in most cases,” and “most likely” to temper the claim, making it less absolute.
A fallacy that occurs when a speaker chooses a deliberately poor or oversimplified example in order to ridicule and refute an idea.
In the Toulmin model, this gives voice to possible objections.
a statement of the main idea of the argument that also previews the major points the writer intends to make.
When emotion is used to distract the audience from the facts. No attempt is made to indicate logically why the end argued for should be accepted.
a logical process whereby one reaches a conclusion by starting with a general principle or universal truth (a major premise) and applying it to a specific case (a minor premise).
Also called an assertion or proposition, this states the argument’s main idea or position. It differs from a topic or subject in that this has to be arguable.
in Latin--peroratio; Brings the essay to a satisfying close.
in Latin--narratio; part of the essay;provides factual information and background material on the subject at hand or establishes why the subject is a problem that needs addressing.
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to speak on an issue is cited. (argumentum ad verecundiam)
A logical structure that uses the major premise and minor premise to reach a necessary conclusion.
a thesis that does not list all the points that writer intends to cover in an essay.
evidence that includes things that can be measured, cited, counted, or otherwise represented in numbers --- for instance, statistics, surveys, polls, census information.
in Latin-- confirmatio; usually the major part of the text, includes the proof needed to make the writer’s case.
a fallacy in which a claim is based on evidence or support that is in doubt.
When fear, not based on evidence or reason, is being used as the primary motivator to get others to accept an idea, proposition, or conclusion.(argumentum in terrorem)
A fallacy in which the speaker presents two extreme options as the only possible choices.
Five-part argument structure used by classical rhetoricians.

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