Science Quiz / Biochemistry

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Can you name the definitions of the chemistry terms?

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definitions Example
Covalently bonded molecules that share electrons equallyH2
The stronger the acid....
What accepts a proton
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane from a region of higher concentration to lower concentration
The stronger the acid....the larger the_____.
Side effect of alkalosis
Ionic interactions in biological molecules
Covalently bonded molecules do not share electrons equallyH20
when a persons pH level is above 7.8
side effect of acidosis
When a persons pH level is below 7.0
When a molecule does not dissolve in water easily. i.e water fearing
Pressure required to stop the net flow of water across the membrane
What is the purpose of a buffer?
What donates a proton
A large amount of heat is required to convert water from a liquid to a gas.
A weak bond formed between hydrogen atoms
What does not completely dissociate in water
Extracellular Fluid Compartment (ECF)
Solution has lower solute concentration relative to cell, cell will swell
a pH level of 13 is
definitions Example
When a molecule is easily dissolved in water. i.e; water loving
a negatively charged ion, more electrons than protons
What is the normal pH level in humans?
What equation describes the dissociation characteristics of weak acids and bases and the effect oh pH?
the acidity and alkalinity is based on the _____
The stronger the acid.....
As the hydrogen ion concentration increases....
What type of molecule demonstrates hydrogen bonding?
a positively charged ion, more protons than electrons
Solution has same solute concentration relative to the cell
When water absorbs and releases large amounts of heat slowly before temperature changes. Ex: in order to evaporate it takes a lot of energy so it has a _________.
Intracellular Fluid Compartment (ICF)
Solution that has a higher solute concentration relative to the cell, cell will crenate
The sharing of electrons between atoms
what rapidly and completely dissociates in aqueous solutions?
The stronger the acid, the lower the______.
The capacity/ability of a solvent to reduce attractive forces between ions
What represents the effects of osmotic solutions on cells?
Atoms that have lost or gained electrons
When a molecule contains both polar and nonpolar groupsmicelle, phospholipid
The neutral pH level

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