Science Quiz / Biochemistry

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Can you name the definitions of the chemistry terms?

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definitions Example
What does not completely dissociate in water
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane from a region of higher concentration to lower concentration
Intracellular Fluid Compartment (ICF)
The stronger the acid.....
when a persons pH level is above 7.8
When a persons pH level is below 7.0
the acidity and alkalinity is based on the _____
a negatively charged ion, more electrons than protons
Solution has same solute concentration relative to the cell
A large amount of heat is required to convert water from a liquid to a gas.
What represents the effects of osmotic solutions on cells?
As the hydrogen ion concentration increases....
What donates a proton
When a molecule contains both polar and nonpolar groupsmicelle, phospholipid
Side effect of alkalosis
Solution that has a higher solute concentration relative to the cell, cell will crenate
A weak bond formed between hydrogen atoms
The stronger the acid, the lower the______.
Atoms that have lost or gained electrons
what rapidly and completely dissociates in aqueous solutions?
a positively charged ion, more protons than electrons
definitions Example
The neutral pH level
Covalently bonded molecules do not share electrons equallyH20
The sharing of electrons between atoms
What equation describes the dissociation characteristics of weak acids and bases and the effect oh pH?
The stronger the acid....the larger the_____.
Pressure required to stop the net flow of water across the membrane
Solution has lower solute concentration relative to cell, cell will swell
The stronger the acid....
The capacity/ability of a solvent to reduce attractive forces between ions
Ionic interactions in biological molecules
When water absorbs and releases large amounts of heat slowly before temperature changes. Ex: in order to evaporate it takes a lot of energy so it has a _________.
What is the purpose of a buffer?
When a molecule does not dissolve in water easily. i.e water fearing
Extracellular Fluid Compartment (ECF)
When a molecule is easily dissolved in water. i.e; water loving
What accepts a proton
What type of molecule demonstrates hydrogen bonding?
a pH level of 13 is
side effect of acidosis
Covalently bonded molecules that share electrons equallyH2
What is the normal pH level in humans?

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