Science Quiz / Local vs. General Anesthetics

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Can you pick the characteristics of local and general anesthetics? Answers can be local (l), general (g) or both (b).

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HintAnswer
Benzodiazepines
Procaine
Lidocaine
IV administration
Barbiturates
Topical Administration
ester-type anesthetics
Nitrous Oxide
Produces unconsciousness as a therapeutic effect
Can cause methemoglobinemia
Produces insensitivity to painful stimuli
Coadministration of a vasoconstrictor can prolong effects
amide-type anesthetics
HintAnswer
Analgesic
Anesthesia
Administration by Injection
Inhaled Administration
Work by enhancing transmission at inhibitory synapses and by inhibiting transmission at excitatory synapses
Adverse reactions can include hypotension
Halothane
Can cause malignant hyperthermia as a side effect
Isoflurane
Can cause bradycardia as an adverse effect
Work by blocking sodium channels in the axon membrane to stop nerve conduction
Adverse effects can include seizures
Can cause respiratory depression as an adverse effect

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