Science Quiz / Upper Extremities

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Can you name the Upper Extremities _Clinical Correlations and More?

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Upper Ex. 1
teres major, teres minor, the long head of triceps, and the humerus form the borders of which space?
winged scapula occurs from injury to which nerve
finger with permanent flexion at the distal phalanx due to an avulsion of the medial and lateral bands of the extensor tendon to the distal phalanx
innervates the skin of the posterior aspect of the forearm
wrist extension tests what nerve root
Innervates the medial skin of the forearm.
What attaches to the supraglenoid tubercle?
hand intrinsics test which nerve root
congenital partial absence of a limb
which ligament passes over the suprascapular notch?
what is the main ligament that is disrupted in a complete shoulder separation
shoulder abduction and elbow flexion tests which nerve root
structure that deepens the glenoid cavity.
bones of the limbs are derived from the...
Supinator and the extensor muscles of the forearm originate where?
deltoid inserts where?
paralysis of the coracobrachialis, brachialis, and biceps brachii is consistent with the injury to which nerve?
consists of a mesenchymal core and an outer apical ectodermal ridge
removal of breast plus underlying muscles
absence of tactile sensation
what is tested when a digit is flexed at the DIP joint against resistance?
dorsal scapular nerve is formed from which roots?
what lies in the infraspinous fossa?
injury to which nerve causes claw hand or ring and little fingers are hyperextended at the metacarpophalangeal joints and flexed at the Interphalangeal joints
innervates the skin of the posterior aspect of the arm
Percuss lightly over the course of a nerve (median nerve at the carpal tunnel)
tingling
wrist drop or the inability to extend the wrist or metacarpophyseal joints is due to injury to what nerve?
insertion of subscapularis?
finger flexion tests which root
limbs arise from which part of the mesoderm
fracture of the medial epicondyle may injure which structure?
lateral surface of the scapula forms what cavity?
muscles of the limbs are derived from?
Upper Ex. 1
congenital fusion of limbs
occurs when flexor tendons develop nodules preventing the sliding of tendon through the pulley, causing audible clicking or snapping
median nerve is formed from which roots?
musculocutaneous nerve is formed from which roots?
what attaches to the infraglenoid tubercle?
fracture of hamate may injure which nerve and artery?
Coracobrachialis, pectoralis minor, and short head of biceps brachii attach here?
ischemic contracture that results from ischemic necrosis of the forearm flexor muscles caused by pressure injury.
What innervates the lateral skin of the arm?
the elbow joint is what type of joint?
only long bone to ossify via intermebraneous ossification
the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve arises from which nerve?
thoracodorsal nerve is formed from which roots?
the entrapment of the ulnar nerve in the Guyon's canal is known as what? This syndrome causes pain, numbness, loss of sensation, and motor weakness in little and ring fingers.
fracture of the shaft of the humerus may injure which 2 structures?
The glenohumeral joint is what type of joint?
removal of small mass from breast along with rim of normal tissue
inflammation of the tendon and its sheath
ulnar nerve is formed from which roots?
loss of abduction of the humerus is due to injury of what nerve?
The olecranon is the attachment site for which muscle?
Is formed by a great lash of dorsal and ventral roots of the lumbar and sacral spine
The Supraspinatus, infraspinatus, & teres minor muscles attach where?
which vein is normally used for drawing blood?
what is tested when one digit is flexed at the PIP joint against resistance?
bones involved in endochrondral ossification arise from which germlayer?
What innervates the medial skin of the arm?
Where does the lymph from breast primarily drain?
The axillary nerve and the posterior circumflex humeral artery runs through which space?
fracture of the scaphoid may injure which artery?
wrist flexion, elbow extension, and finger extension test which nerve root
loss of function to the extensors of the arm, forearm and hand is an injury to which cord of the brachial plexus?
The fracture of the distal radius is known as a...
removal of breast
Upper Ex. 1
what attaches at the palmar aponeurosis?
radial nerve is formed from which roots?
compression of the median nerve in the hand due to inflammation
the radius articulates with which portion of the humerus?
diminshed tactile sensation
test for the occlusion of the ulnar or radial artery
teres major, teres minor, and the long head of triceps form the borders of which space?
Complete shoulder separation occurs at what joint?
the breast are supported by which ligaments
subluxation of the shoulder joint usually occurs in what direction?
the posterior brachial cutaneous is a branch of what nerve?
subluxation of the shoulder joint can damage which artery?
long head of biceps brachii runs through which groove?
long thoracic nerve is formed from which roots?
the superior lateral brachial cutaneous nerve is a branch of what major nerve?
what lies in the supraspinous fossa?
styloid process is the insertion point for which muscle?
what runs through the triangular space?
axillary nerve is formed from which roots?
subluxation of the shoulder joint can damage which nerve?
trochlea articulates with which bone?
condition characterized by the thickening of the palmar fascia, producing a flexion deformity of the fingers, in which fingers are pulled toward the palm, esp 3rd and 4th fingers
conoid and trapezoid ligaments make up what?
Spiral groove of humerus contains?
which muscle attaches to the coronoid process and the ulna tuberosity?
congenital addition of limbs
which nerve passes through the suprascapular notch?
congenital absence of a limb
the pec. major, the latissmus dorsi, and the teres major attach here...
largest nerve of brachial plexus
the patients wrist is held in acute flexion. positive test is tingling and numbness along the median distribution.
breast cancer usually occurs in which quadrant?
the clavicle finishes ossification at what age?

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