Science Quiz / Thorax - Unit 2a

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QUIZ: Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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left lung has how many lobes?
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
contraction of the ventricles
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
where does rib 2 attach?
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
the thick muscle layer of the heart
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
which lung has the cardiac notch?
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
main vein of the heart
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
Difficult breathing
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
known as the pacemaker of the heart
each lobar bronchi divides into
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
midline incision through the sternum
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
this node lies in the interatrial septum
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
right lung has how many lobes?
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
arterial supply of the pericardium
innervation of the diaphragm
roots for the phrenic nerve
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
each main bronchi divides into
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
inflammation of the pericardium
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
inflammation of the endocardium
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part

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