Science Quiz / Thorax - Unit 2a

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Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
contraction of the ventricles
main vein of the heart
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
left lung has how many lobes?
inflammation of the endocardium
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
where does rib 2 attach?
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
the thick muscle layer of the heart
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
inflammation of the pericardium
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
known as the pacemaker of the heart
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
right lung has how many lobes?
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
each lobar bronchi divides into
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
this node lies in the interatrial septum
each main bronchi divides into
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
roots for the phrenic nerve
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
innervation of the diaphragm
which lung has the cardiac notch?
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
Difficult breathing
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
midline incision through the sternum
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
arterial supply of the pericardium

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