Science Quiz / A. and P. Triangles of the Neck/ Cervical Viscera

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Can you name the Concepts of the Anterior and Posterior Triangles of theNeck?

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which nerve passes through the occipital triangle?
which artery crosses the recurrent (inferior) laryngeal nerve?
first branch of subclavian artery
the surgical creation of an artificial airway in the trachea (windpipe) on the anterior surface of the neck.
digestive organ that directs food to the esophagus.
motor innervation of the sternocleidomastoid
innervation of the longus capitis
motor innervation of superior constrictor muscle
innervation of posterior belly of digastric muscle
muscle that opens the pharyngeal orifice of the eustachian tube during swallowing
triangle bounded by anterior belly of omohyoid, posterior belly of digastric, and anterior border of SCM
provides sensory innervation above vocal folds
provides motor innervation to most of the muscles of the tongue
the superior and middle thyroid veins drain into what?
innervation of the cricothryroid muscle
innervation of the omohyoid
innervation of platysma
motor innervation of the palatopharyngeus
what attaches to the pharyngeal tubercle?
the roots of the brachial plexus appear between which 2 muscles?
the point of entry to the venous system for central line placement to administer parenteral (nutritional) fluids and medications and to measure central venous pressure.
provides motor innervation to Cricothyroid muscle
innervation of the thryohyoid
what lies posterior to the transverse cervical artery and suprascapular artery as they cross the anterior surface of the scalenus anterior muscle.
the posterior cervical triangle is subdivided by which muscle?
Anterior boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
surgical removal of the thyroid gland
inferior thyroid artery arises from
the roots of C1-C4 make up the _____?
anterior border of the posterior cervical triangle
what muscle is the landmark for the division of the subclavian arteries
triangle Bounded by anterior border of SCM, superior belly of omohyoid, midline of neck
roof of posterior cervical triangle
an incomplete circular band of lymphoid tissues around the superior pharynx
innervation of the sternohyoid
this portion of the pharynx is bounded by the soft palate superiorly, the base of the tongue inferiorly and the platoglossal and platopharyngeal arches laterally
this carotid artery has no branches in the neck
innervation of the anterior scalene (roots?)
portion of the pharynx that is posterior to the nose and superior to the soft palate
supplies blood to the inferior part of the thyroid gland
(from C2 and C3 roots) ascends superiorly across SCM. Supplies the skin over parotid, posterior auricle, and skin from mandible to mastoid process
three layers of deep fascia in the neck
origin of the salpingopharyngeus
supplies blood to the superior portion of the thyroid gland
the superior laryngeal nerve is a branch from which nerve
motor innervation of middle constrictor muscle and inferior constrictor muscles
This lobe is an embryological remnant of the thyroglossal duct
nose opens into the nasopharynx via what structures?
Head bends to affected side and face turns away.Facial asymmetry can occur, because of growth retardation on affected side.
(from C2 and C3 roots) supplies the skin covering the anterior cervical region
the occipital artery comes from which main artery?
the largest and most clinically important fascial interspace of the neck because it is the major pathway for the spread of infection
this area of deep cervical fascia is limited to the anterior portion of the neck and it contains a muscular portion (surrounds infrahyoid muscles) and a vascular portion ( surround
the submental, submandibular, the carotid, and the muscular triangles make up the ____ ____ _____?
motor innervation of the salpingopharyngeus
which muscle divides the neck into anterior and posterior triangles?
which muscle of the pharynx attaches along the oblique line of the thyroid cartilage and on the cricoid cartilage laterally
triangle located between Between body of hyoid bone and right and left anterior bellies of the digastric muscles
sensory innervation of the sternocleidomastoid
Bifurcation of common carotid artery into external and internal carotid arteries occurs at what cervical vertebra level?
small depression of the laryngealpharyngeal cavity on each side of inlet
the right recurrent laryngeal nerve loops behind which structure?
nerve that supplies the skin of the neck and scalp posteriosuperior to the auricle. Comes from C2
the thyrocervical trunk comes from which artery?
inferior border of the posterior cervical triangle
the sternocleidomastiod and the trapezius muscle are surrounded by this layer of the deep fascia of the neck
innervation of the longus colli
an emergency procedure where a cut or passageway is made in the cricothyroid membrane.
innervation of stylopharyngeus
posterior border of the posterior cervical triangle
motor innevation of tensor veli palatini
the external jugular vein, suprascapular artery, and subclavian artery are contained in which portion of the posterior cervical triangle?
Superior boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
innervation of stylohyoid muscle
innervation of the sternothyroid
hyoid bone lies at the level of which vertebra
innervation of geniohyoid
the sternal head of the sternocleidomastoid attaches to what?
fascia of the neck prevents the spread of what?
this layer of the deep cervical fascia forms a sheath around the vertebra and it's surrounding muscles
Lateral boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
which tonsils lie in the tonsillar fossa?
fascia with common carotid artery, internal jugular vein, and vagus nerve
junction between the thorax and the neck is known as the
True or False: the stylopharyngeus, salpingopharyngeus, and palatopharyngeus serve to shorten and widen pharynx during swallowing and speaking.
sinus between the palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches
Thin, broad sheet of muscle within superficial fascia of the neck that is used in facial expression
inferior thyroid vein drains into
innervation of the posterior scalene (roots?)
arises from the C3 and C4 nerve roots and passes under the cover of the SCM and sends small branches to the skin of the neck and across the clavicle to supply skin over shoulder
innervation of the middle scalene (roots?)
innervation anterior belly of digastric muscle
a rib which arises from the seventh cervical vertebrae (above the normal first rib).
originates chiefly from the C4 nerve root (but receives contributions from C3 and C5. innervates the diaphragm.
nerve is located in the tracheo-esophageal groove.
attachment of the middle constrictor muscle of the pharynx?
triangle located between inferior mandible and anterior and posterior bellies of the digastric muscle
enlargement of the thyroid gland
2nd portion of the subclavian artery
The laryngeal prominence, larger in males, is located at which vertebra level?
innervation of the splenius capitis

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