Science Quiz / Hypothalamus, Pituitary Gland, and Adrenal Medulla

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Can you name the HYTQ concepts?

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QuestionAnswer
oxytocin predominantly comes from which nucleus of the hypothalamus?
epinephrine and norepinephrine act as negative feedback regulators of which enzyme?
catalyzes the conversion of norepinephrine to epinephrine?
the effect of ADH on blood vessels
percentage of norepinephrine or noreadrenaline made by the adrenal medulla
activates myoepithelial cells for release of milk from the breast
The Beta class of adrenergic receptors acts to _____ cAMP levels
Hormone that stimulates the release of growth hormone
Which two proteins released by the anterior pituitary are peptide hormones?
The hormones released by neurons of the hypothalamus act on trophes or endocrine cells of the anterior or posterior pituitary?
ADH V1 receptors are located in the ________
these trophic cells synthesize follicle stimulating hormone and lutenizing hormone
the conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine occurs where in the cell?
release of what substance from the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus cause the inhibition of the release of prolactin?
thyrotrophs synthesize what hormone?
precursor to ACTH
What neurotransmitter acts on chromaffin cells to increase the synthesis and release of epinephrine and norepinephrine?
in stressful situations, cortisol acts on which enzyme?
on which type of adrenergic receptor will epinephrine illicit a greater response than norepinephrine?
Corticotropin releasing hormone is released from the ______ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
True or False: Norepinephrine and epinephrine required a carrier protein to be transported in the blood.
which hormone stimulates the release of TSH(mostly) and prolactin from the anterior pituitary?
percentage of epinephrine or adrenaline made by the adrenal medulla
ADH V2 receptors are located in the ________
catalyzes the conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine?
True or False: The parvocellular neurons of the hypothalamic nuclei release releasing or inhibiting hormones in the circulation at the median eminence.
hormone that inhibits the release of growth hormone
carrier proteins for ADH and oxytocin
QuestionAnswer
Thyrotropin releasing hormone can come from which 2 hypothalamic nuclei?
True or False: TSH, FH, and LH are peptide hormones.
This adrenergic receptor acts to decrease cAMP levels
The anterior and medial nuclei and the preoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus release which hormone?
2 major sites of action for oxytocin
The hormone that stimulates the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary comes from the _____ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
what is responsible for transporting catecholamines in and out of chromaffin granules?
type of trophic endocrine cell that synthesizes prolactin
cortisol is made where?
what enzyme catalyzes the conversion of tyrosine to L Dopa?
most abundant endocrine cell in the anterior pituitary
this hormone is secreted from the post. pituitary in response to a increase in plasma osmolality or a decrease in blood volume
vasopressin or ADH predominantly comes from which nucleus of the hypothalamus?
This adrenergic receptor acts to increase phosphoinositide
somatotrophs synthesize what hormone?
what enzyme catalyzes the conversion of L Dopa to dopamine?
The hormone that inhibits the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary comes from the _____ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
Lutenizing hormone releasing hormone acts on which endocrine cell of the anterior pituitary?
what is the major metabolite of epinephrine and norepinephrine in the urine?
this hormone is involved in inducing uterine contractions and stimulation of tactile receptors in the nipples of the lactating breast
Where do the neurons of the nuclei of the hypothalamus terminate?
2 hormones of the posterior pituitary
under periods of stress, which hormone can stimulate the release of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH)?
vasopressin and oxytocin are composed of how many peptides?
conversion of norepinephrine to epinephrine occurs where in the cell?
type of trophic endocrine cell that synthesizes adrenocorticotropic hormone, B endorphin, y-lipotropin
which two enzymes act to metabolize epinephrine and norepinephrine?

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