Science Quiz / Embryology of the Nervous System

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Can you name the concepts concerning the Embryology of the Nervous System?

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QuestionAnswer
what signals the ectoderm to differentiate into neuroectoderm forming the neural plate?
the neurohypophysis and the infundibulum of the pituitary arise from what?
what divides the thalmus and hypothalamus?
the presence of a cerebral cortical cleft of brain tissue that extends from the ventricles to the cerebral cortical surface.
Cranial Nerve I is derived from the _____.
which embryonic plate of the spinal cord gives rise to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord?
what gives rise to the midbrain?
which ventricle is associated with the myencephalon?
what ventricle is associated with the telencephalon?
term describing unusually large gyri
term describing unusally smalll gyri
what gives rise to the thalamus, epithalamus, hypothalamus, and subthalamus?
Cranial Nerves 8-12 all arise from which secondary ventricle?
Cranial Nerve III arises from which embryonic portion of the brain?
The anterior opening of the neural tube closes to become the _____ ______.
the basal ganglia arises from the ______.
dilation of the ventricles due to an excess of CSF that may result from either a blockage of CSF circulation or, rarely, an overproduction of CSF (e.g., due to a choroid plexus pap
a rare genetic disorder most often characterized by varying degrees of deafness, minor defects in structures arising from the neural crest, and pigmentation anomalies.
another anatomical term that means alar
what folds to give rise to the neural tube?
This flexure is located between the rhombencephalon and the spinal cord
another anatomical term that means basal
Optic vesicles, cups, and stalks are derivatives of the _______.
This flexure is located between the procencephalon and the mesencephalon
longitudinal groove that separates the alar and basal plates
What important molecule is needed to prevent NTDs?
the anterior commissure, corpus callosum, and the hippocampal commissure arise from the _____.
QuestionAnswer
Is the sulcus limitans retained in the spinal cord or the brain?
failure of neuronal migration leads to?
Cranial Nerves 4-8 all arise from which secondary vesicle?
This primary vesicle gives rise to the optic vesicles and also gives rise to the telencephalon and the diencephalon
Anencephaly result in a failure of what structure to close?
The _____ is derived from the rhombencephalon and gives rise to the medulla oblongata
Type of Lower Neural Tube Defect where the posterior neuropore fails to close
the mesencephalon is associated with what ventricular structure?
the hippocampus and the amygdala arise from the ______.
This primary vesicle gives rise to the metencephalon and the myelencephalon
which ventricle is associated with the diencephalon?
The lumen of the neural tube gives rise to the ______ system in the brain and the central canal in the spinal cord.
the doral root ganglion, the autonomic ganglion, the epidermal pigment cells, and the chromaffin cells are derivatives of which embryonic cell type?
The _____ is derived from the rhombencephalon and gives rise to the pons and the cerebellum
The neuroepithelial cells of the spinal cord migrate to the _______ zone forming the gray matter of the spinal
term describing the primitive brain with no folds or grooves
the cerebral hemispheres arise from the _____.
the ____ zone forms the white matter of the spinal cord
True or False: The neural tube gives rise to the brain and spinal cord
this term refers to the formation and closure of the neural tube
the red nucleus and the substantia nigria arise from the _______.
Which family of genes is responsible for the differentiation of the neural tube?
in which week is the CNS formed?
which embryonic plate of the spinal cord gives rise to the ventral horn of the spinal cord?
the notochord forms the ____ _____ of the intervertebral disc.
this syndrome is caused by a mutation in FMR-1 and leads to abnormal pruning and dendritic spines

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