Science Quiz / Blood System

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Can you name the Blood System?

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Descriptions of Word
protein in the blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood
cells are unequal in size
neutralize and lead to the destruction of foreign antigens
white blood cell containing granules that stain blue; releases heparin and histamine
resultant of a broken down hemoglobin molecule; yellow-orange pigment in the bile
blood clotting
disease of the clotting cells
specific proteins that promote the growth of granulocytes in the bone marrow
the study of cells
stem cells changing their size and shape to become differentiated
method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge
WBC that stains red; release in allergic responses
attraction for esinophils
immature erythrocyte
red blood cells
formation of erythrocytes
hormone secreted by the kidneys that stimulates production of erythrocytes in the bone marrow
protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot
plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process
plasma protein; alpha, beta, and gamma (immune) globulins are examples
white blood cell with numerous dark staining granules; eosinophil, basophil, and neutrophil
deficiency in granulocytes
blood cell development from hematopoietic stem cells
protein carrying iron; in red blood cells; enables erythrocyte to carry oxygen
disease of the hemoglobin
breakdown of RBCs
anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells
cells have reduced color (less hemoglobin
response of the immune system to foreign invasion
protein (globulin) with antibody activity; examples are IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE, IgD
removal of leukocytes
white blood cell
cells are large
destroys foreign material and debris; monocyte found in the spleen, liver, and bone marrow
large platelet precursor found in the bone marrow
cells are small
immature monocyte
Descriptions of Word
phagocytic cells that fight disease by using phagocytosis
containing one large nucleus
the study of shape and form
immature cell in the bone marrow
a preleukemic condition; development of abnormal bone marrow
derived from bone marrow
formation of bone marrow
deficiency in neutrophils
WBC containing pale staining color; most prominent granulocyte; phagocytes that ingest and destroys bacteria
increase in neutrophil numbers
deficiency of all of the cells
a cell that eats or swallows
clear, straw-colored liquid part of blood; contains water, proteins, salt, nutrients, hormones, and vitamins
removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge; collected cells given back to the donor; plasma is used to replace withdrawn plasma
clotting cell
platelets are removed from the donor's blood and the remainder of the blood is re-infused into the donor
irregularity in the shape of RBCs
means multi-lobed nuclei
plasma protein; converted to thrombin in the clotting process
immature erythrocyte; network of strands (reticulin) is seen after staining the cell with special dyes
antigen on red blood cells of rh positive people
plasma minus clotting proteins and cells; clear, yellowish fluid taht separates from blood when it is allowed to clot; formed from plasma--> does not contain protein-coagulation fa
deficiency of iron
erythrocyte has a round shape, making the cell fragile and easily able to be destroyed
unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specialized cells
enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation
clotting cell
deficiency in thrombocytes
therapy used to dissolve clots
abnormal condition of the thrombocytes
immature granulocytes predominate; platelets and erythrocytes are diminished bc of infiltration and replacement of bone marrow by myoblasts
immature lymphocytes predominate; seen in children; onset is sudden
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
test for the presence of antibodies that coat and damage erythrocytes
separation of blood into component parts and removal of a select portion of blood
failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
patient serves as his or her own donor for stem cells; may lead to prolonged remisson
Descriptions of Word
time required for blood to stop flowing from a tiny puncture wound
whole blood cells are taken from a donor and infused into a patient
microscopic examination of a core of bone marrow removed with a needle
abnormal numbers of relatively mature lymphocytes predominate in the marrow, lymph nodes and spleen; occurs in the elderly and slowly progresses
both mature and immature granulocytes are present; slowly progressive illness
time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube
determination of numbers of blood cells, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, and red cell values
abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood
larger blue or purplish patches on the skin( bruises)
speed at which erythrocytes settle out plasma
abnormal increase of granulocytes in the blood
percentage of RBCs in a volume of blood
peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor are administered to a recipient
excess iron deposits throughout the body
total amount of hemoglobin in a sample of peripheral blood
reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of blood clotting factors necessary for blood clotting
found in gastric juice; allows for absorption of vitamin B12
blood condition of cancerous WBCs
infectious disease marked by increased numbers of leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes
malignant neoplasm of bone marrow
relieving symptoms
lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 from the body
tiny purple or red flat spots appearing on the skin as a result of hemorrhages
number of platelets per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood
general increase in RBCs
test of the ability to clot
multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin
number of erythrocytes per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood
microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of individual red cells
when disease symptoms and signs reappear
disappearance of signs and symptoms of disease
hereditary condition characterized by abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis
inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin; usually seen in the persons of Mediterranean background
number of leukocytes per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood
percentages of different types of leukocytes in the blood

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