Science Quiz / Respiratory Pump and Lung Volumes

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Can you name the Respiratory Pump and Lung Volumes?

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QuestionAnswer
Has a Z number that spans from Z0-Z16
These bronchi are the site of highest resistance to airflow and are surrounded by smooth muscle
Volume of exhaled air with every breath is known as ____ volume.
site of gas exchange in the lung
Principal(or Law) that provides the basis for airflow in the lung
units for measurement of transpulmonary pressure
Lung recoils is used during ____.
Volume of air that can be exhaled after normal expiration (=total lung capacity - residual volume)
Work during breath occurs on ____.
The internal intercostals and the abdominal muscle are important for ____.
Maximal volume of air that can be inhaled after normal expiration (=tidal volume +IRV)
Which component of Fick's Law can be manipulated in the clincial setting?
Function of these airways is to clean, condition, and warm air
Has Z numbers spanning from Z17-Z23
Volume of air in lungs remaining after maximal expiration
Volume of air in the respiratory or alveolar airways (mL)
Is the airflow in the conducting airways laminar or turbulent?
Volume of air in lungs after maximal expiration
Volume of air in the conducting airways (mL)
Gas moves across the alveoli via _____ diffusion
low partial pressure of oxygen in tissues
Is the airflow in the respiratory or alveolar airways laminar or turbulent?
T/F: During inspiration, the pressure in the alveolus become sub-atmospheric, allowing air from the atmosphere to move into the lungs.
Z number or generation number for the trachea
patients with pulmonary fibrosis have a ___ lung recoil
T/F: An increase in particle size increases rate of diffusion
pressure in the pleural cavity is normally ____ cm H2O at the end of a tidal volume breath
pressure difference between the alveoli and the pleural space is known as ____ ____.
Volume of air in lungs after maximal inspiration
QuestionAnswer
T/F: The terminal bronchioles are surrounded by smooth muscle
2 main forces that must be overcome during breathing?
Where is the majority of the surface area of the lung located?
A ____ in surface area and a _____in membrane thickness can cause the lung to become diffusion limited.
Maximal Volume that can be exhaled at the end of a tidal volume
inversely proportional to lung compliance
Volume of air that can be exhaled as forcibly and rapidly as possible from total lung capacity
T/F: During inspiration, the transpleural pressure difference becomes greater and allows for expansion of the lungs and alveoli.
If the transpulmonary pressure is +3, then the lungs are ____ (collapsing or expanding).
T/F:An Increase in molecule solubility increases rate of diffusion
T/F: Gas exchange ocurrs in the conducting airways.
T/F: A 'diffusion limited' A-a gradient is smaller than under normal circumstances.
As the diaphragm contracts. the volume increases in the pleural space. What happens to the pleural pressure?
The diaphragm, the external intercostals, and the sternocleidomastoids are important for _____.
Volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal expiration
Volume of air than can be inhaled at the end of a normal breath
low partial pressure of oxygen in blood
On average, how much time does an RBC spend in the respiratory airways (sec)?
patients with emphysema have a ____ lung compliance
pressure in the atmosphere is ___ cm h20
Total volume of air in lungs after maximal inspiration
Normal Tidal Volume in liters
given change in lung volume per given changes in pleural pressure
Essential muscle in creating differences in transpleural pressure
True or False: The rate of diffusion is proportional to the area of the membrane and inversely proportional to it thickness
Which gas is the first to be affected by a diffusion limited disorder?
Average Lung Compliance for a tidal volume in L/cm H20 (Avg Volume = .5 and change in Pressure= 2.5)
most important muscle for inspiration

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