Science Quiz / Abdominal Wall

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Can you name the the HYTQ concepts of the Abdominal Wall?

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the aponeuroses of the muscles of the abdominal wall form a sheath that encloses the rectus abdominus called?
this plane passes through the umbilicus and IV discs between the L4 and L5 planes
4. Identify Muscle
The layer lining the abdominal wall, the pelvic wall and pelvic viscera, and the inferior surface of the diaphragm is the _____ ______.
True or False: The retroperitoneal space is within the peritoneal cavity.
this fold is a remnant of the urachus and it extends from the aoex of the urinary bladder to the umbilicus
this plane passes through the line of the iliac tubercles and the body of L5 vertebra
10. Identify
the ilioinguinal nerve runs on the spermatic cord in males. It runs on the ___ ____ in females.
space behind the peritoneum of the posterior abdominal wall.
innervation of the internal oblique (2 nerves)
the ilioinguinal nerve emerges from the _______ inguinal ring.
double-layer sheets of peritoneum that suspend most of the gut and associated structures from the posterior body wall and provide pathways for blood vessels and nerves to the visce
longest portion of the small intestine
midline raphe formed by the aponeuroses of the external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominus
peritoneal fossa lateral to the lateral umbilical fold and potential site for indirect inguinal hernia
9. Identify
the iliohypogastric and ilioinguinal nerves are the terminal branches of what spinal nerve?
3. The membraneous layer of this subcutaneous fascia is known as what?
innervation of the external oblique (2 nerves)
this plane passes from the midpoints of the clavicles to the midinguinal points.
the superficial epigastric artery is a branch of what artery?
peritoneal fossa between the medial and lateral umbilical folds and potential sites for direct inguinal hernias
innervation of the transversus abdominis (2 nerves)
layer lining the surface of the organs within the abdomen
the abdominal cavity is bound superiorly by what?
7. Identify Muscle
demarcates the transition between the posterior rectus sheath and the transversalis fascia.
the subcostal plane is located at what vertebral level?
the superficial epigastric and the superficial circumflex iliac are branches of what artery?
rectus abdominus muscles are connected via the _____ ______.
the inferior epigastric and the deep circumflex iliac artery are branches of what artery?
6. Identify
5. Innervation of Muscle (2 nerves)
Above the umbilicus, lymphatics drain where?
these folds are lateral to the median umbilical fold and are formed by the occluded parts of the umbilical arteries
the transtubercular plane is located at about what vertebral layer?
true or false: the fascia of the internal and external obliques make up the anterior rectus sheath
5. Identify Muscle
Organs without a mesentery are called what?
most common type of inguinal hernia
1. Innervation of Muscle (2 nerves)
a potential space between the parietal peritoneum lining the body wall and visceral peritoneum covering the abdominal organs.
the surgical puncture of the peritoneal cavity for the aspiration or drainage of fluid
3. The fatty layer of this subcutaneous facia is known as what?
these folds are lateral to the medial umbilical folds and cover the inferior epigastric vessels
1. Identify Muscle
the musculophrenic and superior epigastric arteries are branches of what artery?
. Below the umbilicus, lymphatics drain into what?
8. Identify Muscle
Organs that have a mesentery are called what?
2. Identify
infection and inflammation of the peritoneum
excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity is called
this plane passes through the inferior border of the 10th costal cartilage on each side
peritoneal fossa between the median and medial umbilical folds.

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