Miscellaneous Quiz / Defense Studying

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These are examples of how *** is executed: return address can be changed to mali. code, function pointer can point to mali. code, output file name for a program can be overwritten
You cannot write a buffer overflow in Java because you can't overflow an ...
A tip off that you've been infected by a virus
This group, abbreviated VCL, were the first to produce viruses that became widespread (1992)- written in assembly
These attacks are useful because they can call basic OS system functions, thus making OS designers carefully decide what functions can be called by user-level scripts. These attack
Name this payload classification: 'Stoned' virus example; tried to save the disk boot sector, infect and replicate, then restore boot sector, accidentally copied the boot sector on
virus generator program
This is the most common code vulnerability yet simple to guard against; cause by array bounds not being checked at run time (like after scanf or printf)
This term often refers only to vulnerable code in an OS or applications. It means a system has a weakness that attacks may be concerned with how to exploit
a background program that collects data on a computer's user browsing and computing habits, often installed without explicit permission
List three examples of worms (alpha.)
What are these: loss of data, loss of computer resources, lost time, loss of privacy, loss of confidentiality, monetary loss
hardware and/or software used to enforce a network access policy by filtering out some packets before they get routed by the network router
To disguise the executable within a virus transported over email, say with a .vbs extension, windows OS helps by...
a worm that emails itself to another user
the malicious code that performs operations other than replication, e.g. deleting files, modifying files, stealing passwords
downloaded virus generator kits (basically a compiler...)
malicious code that becomes active when certain conditions are met; hard at times to figure out the trigger
virus, worm, mailer, and mass mailer do not refer to the actual payload, rather the...
Code that seems to be benign and useful (e.g. a screen saver) that performs replication and/or malicious operations in the background
These create standalone programs but they can embed viruses in applications when they are first executed. The first one was made in Germany, 1990. These often die out like biologic
an attack that takes advantage of a specific vulnerability
e.g. 1998 Taiwanese virus, CIH, overwrote the flash BIOS of more than 10,000 PCs
a worm that emails itself to multiple recipients
One example of a user behavior vulnerability
these are attacjs that flood a website
Assembly code makes it easier to **** a virus, or make it hard to identify the virus with a scanner
Why would a somewhat destructive payload sometimes be more damaging than a highly destructive payload?
Name this payload classification: virus just replicates; creator might be testing a concept- can i infect this?; creator is playing with antivirus researchers, more viruses in this
What is the most (probably) common language in which to create an attack
This was a mass mailer virus that came in an attachment called LOVE-LETTER-FOR-YOU.TXT (.vbs)
early viruses were shared among users through...
These make a system open to an attack: System admin and configuration flaws, dangerous user behavior... Thus they are...
What are the four ways used to classify a malicious attack? (HHWW)
these slowly change data on disk eluding detection until damaged data has probably infected backup tapes
two examples of standalone attack code (written in HLL or script)
This term defines the malicious code that is delivered into the system by the virus. By this criteria, rather than categorizing by privacy, time loss, data loss, etc., the severity
Name this payload classification: loss od data, loss of privacy, DOS; data diddlers; hardware destroyers
program that generates a large amount of network traffic to a certain server
hidden access method in software, known only to the attacker; downloaded after attacker has already compromised the machine
Name this attack: Attacker enters a char string that is VERY long containing malicious code object. At the end of the code, the attack passes the address of the variable 'buffer: s
these provide an analogous way to transport viruses in the same way floppy disks used to
Name the 5 classifications of a payload in ascending order of severity
The following are examples of what? :: Unguarded buffer overflow in OS which allows attacker to run arbit. command, gain root access; failure to validate user input, allowing Activ
Why might Chrome, a browser architecture, not have as many malicious attacks written for it?
an attack that bogs down a server with a generated workload, generally a network packet load from a flooder
What does CVE stand for?
this is a medium through which viruses can be transported, hidden as attachments containing executable files
This 1988 worm used a list of only 432 common passwords and succeeded in cracking many user accounts all over the internet
Buffer is the last data item on the stack frame; the ******** from this function will be at a defined distance after it
malicious code that awakens itself on a certain date and/or time
These allow viruses to probe the internet for the next victim machine
this is just a virus that spreads over network; self-propagating
Some reasons why **** transport provides opportunities for malicious code transport: browsers have hidden background tasks, data packets sent through this can be 'snooped,' prevale
Name this payload classification: payload displays a message on the screen for a few seconds; no other action is taken; about half of all viruses are either of this form or of no p
What does CWE stand for?
any form of malicious software
Name this payload classification: viruses that try to disable a particular antivirus program but attack nothing else; HPS was a windows 95 virus that activated if you booted up on
a malicious program that captures keystrokes on an infected system, usually to steal passwords, etc
These exploit OS weakness to run commands as root or admin
this form of internet access means many machines are always on and always connected
A computer *** is code that recursively replicates a copy of itself (purists say they don't spread over networks.)

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