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Long macromolecule consisting of many similar or identical building blocks linked by covalent bonds
 
Repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
 
Reaction in which two molecules are covalently bonded to each other through the loss of a water molecule
 
Process that dissembles polymers into monomers
 
A disaccharide consists of two monosaccharides joined by a...
 
Macromolecule used as storage and building material
 
Polysaccharide polymer consisting entirely of glucose monomers
 
Polysaccharide component of plant cell walls
 
Polysaccharide used by arthropods to build their exoskeletons
 
Macromolecules that do not consist of polymers: they have little or no affinity for water
 
3 types of lipids
 
Fat = how many fatty acids to glycerol
 
Fatty acid with no double bond between carbon atoms composing the chain: as many hydrogen atoms bonded to carbon skeleton as possible:
 
2 Fatty acids to glycerol and phosphate in third hydroxyl group
 
Lipids characterized by carbon skeleton consisting of four fused rings
 
Common steroid component of animal cell membranes
 
Proteins that catalyze chemical reactions without being consumed
 
How many different amino acids construct all proteins
 
Organic molecules possessing both carboxyl and amino groups
 
Polymers of amino acids
 
Covalent bond between two amino acids
 
Unique sequence of amino acids
 
Protein segments repeatedly coiled or folded in patterns that contribute to the protein's overall conformation
 
Overall shape of a polypeptide resulting from interactions between the side chains of the various amino acids
 
Overall protein structure that results from the aggregation of these polypeptide subunits
 
Protein unraveling and losing its native conformation because of physical and chemical conditions
 
Protein molecules that assist the proper folding of other proteins
 
Method used to determine a protein's three-dimensional structure
 
Unit of inheritance consisting of DNA
 
Two types of nucleic acids
 
Nucleic acid are polymers called:
 
Composed of nitrogenous base, a pentose, and a phosphate group
 
Has a six-membered ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms
 
Six-membered ring fused to a five-membered ring
 
Pentose connected to the nitrogenous base in RNA
 
Pentose connected to the nitrogenous base in DNA
 
Deoxyribose lacks a ...
 
Adjacent nucleotides are joined by covalent bonds called...
 
Two polynucleotides of DNA molecules spiral around an imaginary axis forming a...
 
Arrangement of sugar-phosphate backbones running in opposite 5' --> 3' directions from each other
 

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