Science Quiz / NEUROLOGY (Part 2)

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QuestionAnswerHint
GCS componentsM?V?E?
Coma criteriaw.r.t GCS score
Rate GCSEyes respond to pain w/ some sounds made and withdrawal from stimulus (M?V?E?)
(Arnold) Chiarii II is what?Cause of obstructive hydrocephalus
Dandy-Walker SyndromeCause of obstructive hydrocephalus
Most likely location of CSF obstruction if communicating hydrocephalusAll 4 ventricles enlarged
Fatal progression of worsening hydrocephaluls
What hydrocephalus is LP conraindicated
How may communicating hydrocephalus be treated
Measurement used for congenital hydrocephalus
Late signs of congenital hydrocephalus
Features of Parinaud's SyndromeAqueductal stenosis obstruction hydrocephalus
Elderly normal pressure hydrocephalus features x3
Frontal Subcortical Pattern x3Elderly normal pressure hydrocephalus features x3
Frontal Subcortical Pattern x3Elderly normal pressure hydrocephalus features x3
Investigations in neonatal hydrocephalus x2
Hydrocephalus treatment stages x4
Hydrocephalus treatment stages x4
Hydrocephalus treatment stages x4
Hydrocephalus treatment stages x4
Most common infection of shunts
Most common sites of diffuse axonal injury (DAI)
Most common sites of contusion head injuriesCoup and contre-coup injury
Mainstay treatment stages (maintenance of intracranial physiology) x7CT if GCS
Mainstay treatment stages (maintenance of intracranial physiology) x7
Mainstay treatment stages (maintenance of intracranial physiology) x7
Mainstay treatment stages (maintenance of intracranial physiology) x7
QuestionAnswerHint
Mainstay treatment stages (maintenance of intracranial physiology) x7May worsen cerebral oedema if not done
Mainstay treatment stages (maintenance of intracranial physiology) x7If GCS
Mainstay treatment stages (maintenance of intracranial physiology) x7
Compound skull fracture treatment
Chronic Subdural Haematoma (CSDH) TreatmentSlow onset of disease due to patient use of anticoagulants and antiplatelets
Head injury Secondary injuries to prevent x5
Head injury Secondary injuries to prevent x5Aim for 60mmHg
Head injury Secondary injuries to prevent x5give O2
Head injury Secondary injuries to prevent x5
Head injury Secondary injuries to prevent x5
What is the meningitic agent from this LP?100-5000 (>80% neutrophils) WCC; Low glucose; High protein
What is the meningitic agent from this LP?100-500 (lymphocytes) WCC; Very Low glucose; Very High protein
What is the meningitic agent from this LP?10-300 (lymphocytes) WCC; normal glucose; high/normal protein
What is the meningitic agent from this LP?Very high opening pressures; high WCC; High protein
Classic neurosyphilis syndromes x2Progressive loss of posterior columns (dorsal columns = proprioception and pain); areflexia; sensory ataxia; lightning pain
Classic neurosyphilis syndromes x2Depression, confusion, memory impairment
What is the term for pupils that accommodate but do not react (to light)?
Neurosyphilis usually a feature of which stage of syphilis
Neurosyphilis Treatment
Borellia Burgdorferi is what?
Borellia Burgdorferi treatment
Features of sporadic CJD
Features of variant CJD
What finding on LP is indicative of Guillan Barre Syndrome
What does Positive Hoffman's sign elicitMiddle finger distal phalanyx flexion (UMN lesion sign)
Adhesive capsulitis shows what positive sign
Positive Tinnel's test indicates what?Volar wrist surface elicits paraesthaesia
QuestionAnswerHint
Lesion location of Wernicke's aphasia
What type of aphasia is Wernicke's
Lesion location of Broca's aphasia
What type of aphasia is Broca's
Which speech disorder common in Huntington's
Petechial haemorrhage on temporal lobe CT suggests what
Medial thalamus and hypothalamic mammillary body lesions cause what
Subthalamic basal ganglia nuclei lesions cause what
Lesions of substantia nigra cause what
Striatum/Caudate nucleus of basal ganglia lesion causes what
Amygdala lesions cause whatHypersexuality, Hyperorality, Hyperphagia, Visual agnosia
Treatment of Trigeminal neuralgia
Treatment for an essential tremor (1st line)Primidone also sometimes used
First line for focal seizures
First line for absence seizures
First line for generalised seizures
Contralateral hemiparesis and sensory loss Lower limbs > Upper limbs is characteristic of which vasc territory
Contralateral hemiparesis and sensory loss Upper limbs > Lower limbs is characteristic of which vasc territory
Weber's Syndrome involves lesion of what vasculatureCauses ipsilateral CNIII palsy + contralateral upper & lower limb weakness
Basilar artery lesions cause what syndrome
Unwanted effects of L-DOPA
Multiple system atrophy 3 key features
Multiple system atrophy 3 key features
Multiple system atrophy 3 key features
Main adverse effect of Lamotrigine
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