Science Quiz / NEUROLOGY (Part 1)

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QuestionAnswerHint
Most common cause of motor-loss peripheral neuropathyAlso Porphyria/Pb poisoning/HSMN/Diptheria
Most common cause of sensory-loss peripheral neuropathyAlso uraemia/Leprosy (M. leprae)/low B12/Amyloidosis
What LFT usually raised w/ alcoholic neuropathy?
Treatment for Bell's Palsy
Volume of skull10% CSF; 10% Blood; 80% Brain
Theory that refers to decompensation as ICP is too high
2 main factors of Cerbral Blood Flow (CBF)
2 main factors of Cerbral Perfusion Pressure (CPP)
Optimal PCO2 in patients w/ raised ICP
Treatment of raised ICP1
Treatment of raised ICP2 (Reduces O2 consumption)
Treatment of raised ICP3 (Buys time till definitive treatment)
Treatment of raised ICP4
Treatment of raised ICP5 (in absence of focal lesion)
Visual field defect w/ Optic nerve pathologyOptic neuritis/Optic nerve compression
Visual field defect w/ Optic chiasm pathologyPituitary tumour/Craniopharyngioma
Visual field defect w/ Optic tract pathologyPituitary tumour/Meningioma
Visual field defect w/ Optic radiation pathologyMCA territory stroke (TACS/PACS)
Visual field defect w/ Temporal lobe pathologySOL/Temporal lobectomy
Visual field defect w/ Parietal pathologySOL
Visual field defect w/ Occipital lobe pathologySOL/Occipital lobe infarct or haemorrhage
CNIII function (what's missing)Inferior oblique, medial rectus, sup/inf rectus, __________, ____________
CNIII function (what's missing)Inferior oblique, medial rectus, sup/inf rectus, __________, __________
Which cranial nerves have PNS function
Which cranial nerves have PNS functionCorneal reflex
Which cranial nerves have PNS functionSubmandibular/Sublingual glands (corda tympani); nasal mucosa/lacrimal glands (pterygopalatine ganglion); efferent corneal reflex; [ant 2/3 taste (corda tympani)]
Which cranial nerves have PNS functionParotid gland (otic ganglion); afferent gag reflex [remember: stylopharyngeus + post 1/3 taste]
Which cranial nerves have PNS functionPNS to all organs below neck - 2nd part of transverse colon (except adrenals)
Shoulder abduction nerve supplyDeltoid
Elbow flexion nerve supplyBiceps
QuestionAnswerHint
Elbow extension nerve supplyTriceps
Finger flexion nerve supplyFlexor digitorum superficialis/Flexor digitorum profundus
Finger extension nerve supplyExtensor digitorum communis
Intrinsic hand muscles nerve supply
Biceps reflex spinal roots
Supinator reflex spinal roots
Triceps reflex spinal roots
Hip flexion nerve supplyIliopsoas
Hip extension nerve supplyGluteus maximus
Knee flexion nerve supplyHamstrings
Knee extension nerve supplyQuads
Ankle dorsiflexion nerve supplyTibialis anterior
Ankle plantarflexion nerve supplyGastrocnemius/Soleus
Ankle eversionPeronei
Knee reflex spinal roots
Ankle reflex spinal roots
Nerve vulnerable to mid-shaft humeral fractureWrist and finger extension loss
Total adult CSF volume (approx)+/- 20ml
Initial herniation from unilateral expanding mass
Later stage herniation caused by unilateral mass, mass cerebral swelling, midline lesionMidbrain and diencephalon displacement through tentorial hiatus (and therefore damaged by mechanical distortion/perforating vessel stretch-ischaemia)
Normal age of onset of Migraines
SYMPTOMS OF MIGRAINE x5
SYMPTOMS OF MIGRAINE x5
SYMPTOMS OF MIGRAINE x5
SYMPTOMS OF MIGRAINE x5
SYMPTOMS OF MIGRAINE x5
Common Migraine = with or without aura65% Common Migraine/35% Classical Migraine
Visual features of migraine aura
What to avoid in acute treatment of migraines
Treatment of acute migraine attacks x3
QuestionAnswerHint
Treatment of acute migraine attacks x3
Treatment of acute migraine attacks x3
Migraine prophylaxis x5
Migraine prophylaxis x5
Migraine prophylaxis x5
Migraine prophylaxis x5
Migraine prophylaxis x5
Nature of pain in Cluster headache
Cluster headache autonomic features
Cluster headache treatment x3
Cluster headache treatment x3
Cluster headache treatment x3
Acute Tension headache treatment
Chronic Tension headache treatment
Secondary headache features suggesting serious underlying disease x5SNOOP
Secondary headache features suggesting serious underlying disease x5SNOOP
Secondary headache features suggesting serious underlying disease x5SNOOP
Secondary headache features suggesting serious underlying disease x5SNOOP
Secondary headache features suggesting serious underlying disease x5SNOOP
Treatment options for Trigeminal neuralgia
Location of pain in Costen's Syndrome
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension Investigation of choice
Main risk factor of Spontaneous intracranial hypotension
Treatment of Spontaneous intracranial hypotension
Typical features of raised ICP
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension most common in which demographicRaised ICP features, PULSATILE TINNITUS
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension treatment options
Diagnosis of Temporal ArteritisTypical in over 50yr olds
Treatment of Temporal ArteritisAssociated with Polymyalgia Rheumatica
Treatment classes important for venous sinus thrombosisUsually have recent Hx of ear/sinus infection, dehydration and immobility
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