Science Quiz / E2 BioPrinciples Review 9/20

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Can you name the E2 BioPrinciples Review 9/20?

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The whole energy of the system.
(First/Second) Law of Thermodynamics: Energy can't be created or destroyed, only converted.
The study of energy transformation.
A _______ is any chemical agent that speeds up a reaction. Enzymes are considered these.
Energy available to do work.
With a Sodium/Potassium pump, Sodium ions move from the cytoplasm to outside the cell. (TRUE/FALSE)
Phosphorylation results in (more/less) stability.
(Cellular respiration/photosynthesis) has a Delta-G value of -686 kcal/mol. [This process releases energy]
Anabolic pathways (release/absorb) energy.
Catabolic pathways (release/absorb) energy.
Any process/reaction that absorbs FREE energy is _________ (Delta G is positive or 0).
As the cell grows, the membrane expands. This is due in part to (endocytosis/exocytosis).
(Pinocytosis/Phagocytosis) is a form of endocytosis in which the cell surrounds and absorbs a food particle.
The sucrose/H+ cotransporter is considered (active/passive) transport.
Converting sucrose to glucose would normally take years, but the _______ enzyme speeds up the reaction immensely.
(Cellular respiration/photosynthesis) has a Delta-G value of 686 kcal/mol. [This process absorbs energy]
If the change in free energy [Delta-G] is negative, then the reaction is not spontaneous. (TRUE/FALSE)
(Open/Closed) systems interact with the outside environment.
__________ energy is an investment of energy required to start a reaction.
Any process/reaction that releases FREE energy is _________ (Delta G is negative).
(First/Second) Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy increases with each chemical reaction; heat is produced.
More entropy means (more/less) free energy
(Pinocytosis/Phagocytosis) is a form of endocytosis that involves creating a vesicle from a small sample from outside the cell.
A ___________ process occurs without the help of outside energy.
ATP contains ___ kcal/mol of free energy.
The highly specific molecule that binds to a receptor.
During ________-________ endocytosis, ligands trigger receptors and a vesicle formed by coat proteins take in the ligands.
The transfer of a phosphate onto a target molecule.

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