Science Quiz / MCAT Organic Chemistry Terms

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Can you name the the MCAT organic chemistry terms?

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organic compounds in which the hydroxyl functional group is bound to a saturated carbon atom
the overlap of one p-orbital with another across an intervening sigma bond
hybridization describing orbitals that form linear geometry with 180° bond angles
any chemical compound that can transfer a proton to any other compound
a weak bond that exists between a lone pair of electrons and a hydrogen that carries a substantial partial positive charge when bonded to nitrogen, oxygen, or fluorine
a quantum number that describes the angular momentum of a particular electron
hybridization describing orbitals associated with single bonds
carboxylic acid derivatives featuring an amino group that may or may not be substituted
hybridization describing orbitals that have 50% s character and 50% p character
organic compounds containing a formyl group
a chemical species that is attracted to electrons; often feature a partial positive charge; analogous to a Lewis acid
organic compounds that contain a carboxyl group
an atom or group of atoms substituted in place of a hydrogen atom on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon
an electrostatic attraction between partially charged particles in opposition
the delocalization of electrons induced by electronegative atoms, such as F, O, N, and other halides
hybridization describing orbitals that form trigonal planar geometry with 120° bond angles
hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH(2n+2)
a quantum number that describes the shape of an atomic orbital (subshell)
hybridization describing orbitals that form tetrahedral geometry with 109.5° bond angles
a description of the delocalization of electrons in molecules that have conjugated bonds
the common name for ethanal
a measure of the basicity of a chemical based on its identity and properties; the smaller, the more basic
a quantum number that describes the orientation in space of a particular orbital
the common name for methanal
organic compounds featuring two hydroxyl groups bound to the same carbon atom
hybridization describing orbitals that have 25% s character and 75% p character
a measure of the acidity of a chemical based on its identity and properties; the smaller, the more acidic
any chemical compound that can accept a proton from any other compound
HintAnswer
hydrocarbons that contain triple bonds
a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond; analogous to a Lewis base
a substance that dissociates in water, yielding an increase in the hydronium ion concentration
a species formed by the reception of a proton by a base
bonds formed between two oppositely charged ions; often between metals and nonmetals
the carbon adjacent to the carbonyl carbon; generally acidic
hybridization describing orbitals that have 33% s character and 66% p character
stability generated from having 4n + 2 π electrons in a continuous, overlapping ring of p-orbitals
organic compounds containing carbonyl groups bonded to two hydrocarbon groups
energetically unfavorable orbitals that are created by head-to-head or tail-to-tail overlap of atomic orbitals of the opposite sign
hydrocarbons without any double or triple bonds
the longest carbon chain in an organic compound that contains the highest-priority functional group
a repulsive force due to electron cloud interaction, resulting in increased bond angles
an electron pair donor
energetically favorable orbitals that are created by head-to-head or tail-to-tail overlap of atomic orbitals of the same sign
organic compounds that have two acyl groups bonded to the same oxygen atom; formed via dehydration
coordinates that describe the orbitals in which electrons can be found in an atom or molecule
an electron pair acceptor
a quantum number that describes the size of an orbital and its proximity to an atomic nucleus, and thus its energy
carboxylic acid derivatives featuring an alkoxy group
the common name for 2-propanone
a substance that dissociates in water, yielding an increase hydroxide ion concentration
hydrocarbons that contain double bonds
organic compounds featuring two hydroxyl groups bound to different carbon atoms
intermolecular forces that exist between all compounds; the result of attractions between temporary dipoles; very weak
a species formed by the removal of a proton from an acid
organic compounds containing two hydroxyl groups

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