Science Quiz / Reproductive USMLE Review

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Can you name the Reproductive USMLE Review ?

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_______ cells: Support and nourish developing spermatozoa. Temperature sensitive. Decrease sperm production and decrease inhibin with increased temperature.
Name a drug that causes gynecomastia.
Most common of all tumors in females. Whorled pattern of smooth muscle bundles.
Characterized by cyclic bleeding from ectopic endometrial tissue resulting in blood-filled 'chocolate cysts.' Treatment: Danazol. Menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, infertilit
Defective decidual layer allows placenta to attach to myometrium. No separation of placenta after birth. Massive bleeding after delivery.
Heavy, irregular menstruation at irregular intervals.
_______ tumor: GI malignancy that metastasizes to ovaries, causing a mucin-secreting signet cell adenocarcinoma.
Connects uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries to the pelvic side wall.
Premature detachment of the placenta from implantation site. Painful bleeding in 3rd trimester. Abrupt detachment or death.
Hypertension, proteinuria and edema during pregnancy from 20 weeks gestation. Hemolysis, Elevated LFTs, Low Platelets.
Meiosis II arrested in ______ until Fertilization
Alpha1 antagonist used to treat BPH by inhibiting smooth muscle contraction.
_____: Increased fluid secondary to incomplete fusion of processus vaginalis.
Most common gynecological malignancy. Risk factors include prolonged use of estrogen without progestins, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, nulliparity, and late menopause.
Connects cervix to the side wall of the pelvis
______ syndrome: Dysgenesis of seminiferous tubules. Decreased inhibin, increased FSH. Abnormal Leydig cell function: Decreased testosterone. Increased LH and estrogen.
Aromatase inhibitors used in postmenopausal women with breast cancer.
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Connects uterine fundus to labia majora
Connects ovary to lateral uterus.
Connects ovaries to the lateral pelvic wall
_____ syndrome: Most common cause of primary amenorrhea. Short stature, shield chest, webbing of neck, coarctation of the aorta, horseshoe kidney.
Meiosis I arrested in ______ for years until Ovulation
GnRH analog with agonist properties when used in a pulsatile fashion.
_____ papilloma: Small tumor that grows in lactiferous ducts. Typically beneath areola. Serous or bloody nipple discharge.
_____ mole: Cystic swelling of chorionic villi and proliferation of chorionic epithelium (trophoblast) that presents with abnormal vaginal bleeding. Most common precursor of chorio
_______: Teratoma that contains functional thyroid tissue. Can present as hyperthyroidism.
_____ cell tumor: Secretes estrogen- precocious puberty. Call-Exner bodies - small follicles filled with eosinophilic secretions. Abnormal uterine bleeding.
______ syndrome: Defective development of GnRH cells and olfactory placode.
Synthetic androgen that acts as partial agonist at androgen receptors. Used for endometriosis and hereditary angioedema.
Attachment of the placenta to lower uterine segment. May occlude internal os. Painless bleeding in any trimester.
Less than 21 day menstrual cycle
Competitive inhibitor of progestin at progesterone receptor. Used for termination of pregnancy.
Endometrium within the myometrium. Treatment: hysterectomy. Uterus is enlarged.
____ cell tumor: Contains Reinke crystals. Usually androgen producing. Precocious puberty in boys. Golden brown color.

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