Science Quiz / Pediatrics COMAT

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Can you name the Pediatrics COMAT?

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Pneumatosis intestinalis on plain films is pathognomonic for _______ in neonates.
Age ____: Walks alone. Uses 1-3 words
_____: has a fixed, widely split S2
_____ disease: A deficiency of sphingomyelinase. May present with cherry red spot and hepatosplenomegaly.
______ syndrome: 45, XO- Features include short stature, shield chest, webbed neck, coarctation of the aorta.
In most cases of intussusception, an air contrast ____ enema is both diagnostic and therapeutic.
Name a noncyanotic heart defect
Age ____: 2-word phrases, 2-step commands
_____ disease: Caused by a deficiency of glucocerebrosidase. Cells have a characteristic 'crinkled paper' appearance.
_____ disease: An absence of hexosaminidase that leads to GM2 ganglioside accumulation. Presents with cherry-red spot but no hepatosplenomegaly
Age ____: Crawls, pulls to stand
In ______ syndrome, left to right shunt leads to pulmonary hypertension and shunt reversal
_____ syndrome: Presents with severe mental retardation, microphthalmia, microcephaly, cleft lip, holoprosencephaly, polydactyly, and omphalocele.
_______ conditions' 'blue babies' - have right to left shunts in which deoxygenated blood is shunted into the systemic circulation
Age ____: Skips, walks backward for long distances, copies a triangle, uses 5-word sentences
Age ____: 3-word phrases
_____ disease: Caused by a deficiency of alpha galactosidase. The first sign is severe neuropathic limb pain.
The definitive diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease requires a ______ biopsy.
Age ____: 1 word, 1 step command
Age ____: Rides tricycle. Copies a circle. Uses 3-word sentences.
______ is the most common congenital heart condition presenting with cyanosis within the first 24 hours of birth.
_____ syndrome: CATCH22- Cardiac abnormalities, abnormal facies, thymic aplasia, cleft palate, hypocalcemia, 22q11 deletion
_______ conditions - 'pink babies' - have left to right shunts in which oxygenated blood from the lungs is shunted back into the pulmonary circulation
Age ____: Walks up and down steps, 2-word phrases
Almost all cases of meconium ileus are due to _____
Xx
Age ____: Hops, copies a cross. Exhibits cooperative play
Age ____: Lifts head or chest when prone
Age ____: 8 words
_____: Most common cause of congenital heart disease.
_____ isolated on a vaginal culture is definitive evidence of sexual abuse.
Age ____: Sits unassisted, babbles
Name a cyanotic heart defect
_____ syndrome: 47, XXY- Presents with testicular atrophy, tall stature, long extremities, gynecomastia, and female hair distribution.
Coarctation of the aorta is associated with ______ syndrome.
Age ____: 5 words
______: Drug used to close a Patent Ductus Arteriosus
_________ is the most common cyanotic heart disease of childhood.
Coarctation is a cause of secondary _______ in children.
_____: Examination reveals a continuous 'machinery murmur' at the second left intercostal space at the sternal border, a loud S2, wide pulse pressure, and bounding peripheral pulse
The most common cause of bowl obstruction in the first 2 years of life. Usually seen between 3 months and 3 years of age. Abdominal pain, vomiting, and bloody mucus in stool 'curra
Age ____: Rolls front to back, laughs and squeals
_____ disease: Absence of galactosylceramide and galactoside, leading to accumulation of galactocerebroside in the brain
_____ syndrome: A deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase. Leads to corneal clouding, mental retardation, and gargoylism.
_____ syndrome: A deficiency of iduronate sulfatase. A mild form of Hurler's syndrome with no corneal clouding and mild mental retardation. X-linked recessive.
_____ stenosis: Nonbilious emesis typically begins around 3 weeks of age and progresses to projectile emesis after most or all feedings. Examination may reveal a palpable olive-sha
Signs of _____ include no babbling or gesturing by 12 months, no single words by 16 months, no 2-word phrases by 24 months, failure to make eye contact, and other signs of deficits
_____: A deficiency of arylsulfatase A that leads to accumulation of sulfatide in the brain, kidney, liver, and peripheral nerves.
The most common GI emergency in neonates. Most frequently seen in premature infants, but can occur in full-term infants as well.
_____ syndrome: Presents with severe mental retardation, rocker-bottom feet, low-set ears, micrognathia, clenched hands, and a prominent occiput. Trisomy 18
Infants with FTT will fall first off the weight curve, then the height curve, and finally the _____ curve

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