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Malouf Lectures Block 3 Spring 2011 Quiz Stats

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Most common respiratory disorder in newborns.Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN)
100%
Name a risk factor for SIDS. Prone (or side) sleep position, sleeping on a soft surface, co-sleeping, maternal smoking, overheating
100%
Carrier rate of CF gene in white population is 1 in __25
100%
Name a risk factor for CLDPrematurity, Genetic predisposition, PDA, Malnutrition
92.9%
A normal pattern of infant breathing defined by 3 or more periods of apnea lasting at least 3 seconds and separated by 20 seconds of breathing. Periodic breathing
85.7%
Due to immature alveolar cells that produce less surfactant, decreased compliance, atelectasis, lung tissue ischemia, sloughing of tissue and edema.Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
85.7%
CXR: Varies between hyperinflation and perihilar infiltrates (like TTN) to significant heterogenous lung disease with hyperinflated and hypoinflated areas, patchy and linear infiltMeconium aspiration syndrome (MAS)
85.7%
Prematurity, genetic predisposition, patent ductus arteriosus, malnutrition, and positive pressure ventilation are risk factors for _______.Chronic Lung Disease (CLD)
85.7%
CXR: Decreased lung inflation with diffuse symmetrical reticulogranular (ground glass appearance) lung fields and air bronchograms.Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
78.6%
x x % Correct
SIDS prevention Supine sleep position, remove loose or thick bedding, crib is preferred
78.6%
Risk factors are cesarean delivery, macrosomia, male sex, maternal asthma, and maternal diabetes.Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN)
78.6%
Persistent supplemental oxygen requirement with an abnormal CXR examination at 36 weeks, postconceptual age in an infant who required positive pressure ventilation in the 1st wkBronchopulmonary dysplasia
78.6%
Name a common pathogen in CF Staph aureus, haemophilus influenzae, GNRs
78.6%
CXR: Hyperinflation with clear lung parenchyma except for perihilar linear densities and fluid in the fissures, no consolidations.Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN)
71.4%
SIDS DDxNon-accidental trauma (NAT), fatty acid oxidation disorders, long QT syndrome
71.4%
Neonatal respiratory physiology has a more compliant chest wall, greater reliance on diaphragm, smaller and fewer alveoli, and smaller and more _________ inthrathoracic airways.collapsible
64.3%
Presenting complaints: Acute and persistent respiratory illnesses (51%), failure to thrive or malnutrition (43%), abnormal stool or steatorrhea (35%)Cystic Fibrosis
64.3%

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Created Apr 26, 2011ReportFavoriteNominate
Tags:2011, block, spring

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