Science Quiz / Internal Medicine COMAT- Rheum, MSK, Neuro

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Can you name the Internal Medicine COMAT- Rheum, MSK, Neuro?

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X Xxx
If a patient presents with an episode of lip smacking associated with an impaired level of consciousness and followed by confusion, think ____ seizures
SLE can cause a + VDRL or ____ test.
______ nodes: PIP enlargement
Repetitive nerve stimulation reveals a characteristic incremental response in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome but shows a decremental response in _______
55 year old male presents with slowly progressive weakness in his left upper extremity and later his right, associated with fasciculations and atrophy, but without bladder disturba
'CHANGes' in MCA stroke
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca secondary to Sjogren's syndrome is a common ocular manifestation of _____
4 D's of posterior circulation stroke
Most common primary CNS tumors in children
In the United States, macular ________ is the leading cause of permanent bilateral visual loss in the elderly.
_____ tumor of bone: a female 20-40 years of age presenting with knee pain and a mass along with a 'soap-bubble' appearance on x-ray in the epiphyseal/metaphyseal region of long bo
Volkmann's contracture of the wrist and fingers is caused by compartment syndrome, which can be associated with __________ humerus fractures.
In a child with gout and inexplicable injuries, consider ______ syndrome
Oral _______ are associated with an increased risk of tendon rupture and tendinitis.
____ is the third most common cause of death and the leading cause of major disability in the United States.
The _____ joint is spared in RA but is involved in OA
Symptoms of increased ICP
If a 43 year old male patient presents with a sudden onset of chorea, irritability, and antisocial behavior and his father experienced these symptoms at a slightly older age, think
A significant difference between the gait abnormalities of Parkinson's and that of NPH is preservation of _______ in NPH.
Most common benign bone tumor
______ palsy with pupillary involvement is associated with berry aneurysms.
____ arthritis: can see, can't pee, can't climb a tree (uveitis, urethritis, arthritis)
If a 30-year old female complains of headaches at the end of the day that worsen with stress and improve with relaxation or massage, think ______ headache
Hydroxychloroquine causes _____ toxicity.
If a male infant is brought to the hospital with muscular jerks and an uncle who had the same problem, think infantile spasms (_______ syndrome)
X Xxx
______ inhibits neutrophil chemotaxis and is most effective when used early during a gout flare. It can cause diarrhea and bone marrow suppression (neutropenia).
Gout crystals appear _____ when parallel to the condenser.
MS classic triad: scanning speech, intranuclear ophthalmoplegia, and _______
Open angle glaucoma generally occurs bilaterally, but ______ glaucoma occurs unilaterally
______ fracture: Diaphyseal fracture of the radius with dislocation of the distal radioulnar join. Results from a direct blow to the radius.
5 A's of Guillain-Barre Syndrome
_____ glaucoma headaches are triggered by darkness due to pupillary dilation.
For optic neuritis, give ____, not oral corticosteroids.
Bowel or bladder dysfunction, impotence, and saddle-area anesthesia are consistent with ________ syndrome, which is a surgical emergency.
Most common primary CNS tumors in adults
If a 20-year old female develops headaches after drinking red wine, think ______
A 'blown pupil' suggests impending brainstem ____
_____ nodes: DIP enlargement
_____ sarcoma: a child 10-20 years of age with a multilayered 'onion-skinning' finding on x-ray in the diaphyseal regions of the femur.
'MAKE SAH' Conditions associated with berry aneurysms
CREST syndrome
Artificial life support can be discontinued only after _____ physicians have declared the patient legally brain dead
If a patient presents with progressive jerking of successive body regions and hallucinations but without loss of consciousness, think _____ seizures.
Rule out vertebral artery ______ in those with persistent headache or neck pain and intermittent isolated dizziness or vertigo.
______ syndrome: characterized by RA, splenomegaly, and neutropenia.
_______ endocarditis: Noninfectious vegetations often seen on the mitral valve in association with SLE and antiphospholipid syndrome.
If you see infantile spasms in the setting of a hypopigmented lesion on the child's trunk, consider _______
If a 25-year old male wakes up repeatedly during the night with unilateral periorbital pain associated with ipsilateral lacrimation, think _____ headache.
SLE and RA both affect the MCP and PIP joints, the difference is that ____ is nondeforming.
Beware of _____ artery entrapment in supracondylar humerus fracture.

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