Science Quiz / Headaches Fun

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Can you name the Headaches Fun ?

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Primary or Secondary: Migraine, Tension, Cluster, Idiopathic Stabbing, Exertional
Name a red flag associated with headache.
Name cause of secondary headache
Cheapest oral Triptan medication for migraines. 21 million females, one in 4 households has at least 1 migraine sufferer.
The ratio of migraine prevalence in women:men is __:1
Name a feature of the POUNDING Mnemonic for a migraine headache.
MIDAS
Name a common migraine symptom.
Migraine features include throbbing, nausea and vomiting, exacerbated by head movement, relief by rest, positive family history and periodic attacks lasting 4 to ____ hours
Name a feature of Classic Migraine: The Aura.
_______ Headache: Daily with work or school, present all day with worsening in afternoon, moderate band-like or boring pain. Multiple somatic complaints- shortness of breath etc.Treat with TCA- amitryptiline, nortriptyline, doxepine
Name a migraine trigger.
In migraines, the inflammation irritates the ________ nerve, resulting in severe or throbbing pain.
Migraine pathophysiology includes a reflex arc induced serotonin and dopamine release resulting in cerebral vasodilation, perivascular tissue inflammation, and ________ transmissio
__________ can stimulate migraine attacks and mimic symptoms of yawning, nausea, vomiting, hypotension of migraine attacks. Antagonists are used as adjunctive therapy.
Name a nonpharmacologic migraine management
Activation of 5-HT1B receptor results in direct cerebro vaso______
Activation of 5HT-1D receptors leads to inhibition of NT release that prevent _______ and pain transmission
________ is a selective agonist to subtypes of 5HT receptors can stop an acute attack
Ondansetron blocks 5-HT3 receptor and is used as an _____Ionotropic
Cyproheptadine blocks H1 and 5-HT receptors and is used for gastric carcinoid tumor and cold induced _________
5-HT1A agonist that is used as anxiolytic.
Increases serotonin release and decrease uptake. It is used as an appetite suppressant
5-HT4 agonist used for GERD and GI motility disorders.
5-HT4 agonist used for irritable bowel syndrome
Blocks reuptake of Serotonin and used for depression.
Average cost per patient is __% less when OMT is used to treat headaches.
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Serotonin turns into melatonin in the ______ gland.Serotonin = 5 Hydroxytryptamine
Serotonin is located in the cell body of the ______ and project to all levels.
_____ alkaloids are used for migraine treatment, hyperprolactinemia, postpartum hemorrhage, diagnosis of variant angina, and treatment of Alzheimer's dementia.
Ergot alkaloid used for migrain prophylaxis but withdrawn in the US. Toxicities include connective tissue proliferation, hallucinations, leg cramps, hair loss.
Preventative therapy for migraine. Side effects are decreased energy, depression, and contraindicated in COPD and Asthma.
Serotonin acts as _______ in the periphery. GI enteric nervous system, platelets, and peripheral nerves. Autocoids are biological factors which act like local hormones, have a brief duration, act near the site of synthesis.
_____ poisoning include hallucinations, gangrene, and abortion.
Migraine preventative therapy is used to reduce the frequency and severity of attacks. Attacks occur ____ times per month or unresponsive to acute treatments.
Success rate of preventative therapy for migraine headaches is __%.
Migraine preventative therapy with side effects of Paresthesias, cognitive symptoms, weight loss, glaucoma, caution with nephrolithiasis
Migraine preventative therapy with side effects ofDrowsiness, fetal abnormalities, hematologic or liver abnormalities
Migraine preventative therapy with side effects of Dizziness, sedation
Most migraine pharmacotherapy are oral but for rapid relief SC and _____ sprays are available for some
______ narcotics may be useful for infrequent, severe headaches unresponsive to other pharmacologic approaches.
Adverse effects of Triptans include tingling, warmth, dizziness, muscle weakness, neck pain, and ____-like chest pain.
Triptans are effective in treating persistant pain, nausea, and ______.
________Headache may involve pain around one eye, along with drooping of the lid, tearing and congestion on the same side as the pain.
__________ contraction is a major contributing factor in tension headache Somatic dysfunction of the O-A joint, the A-A joint and C-2 on C-3 are frequent sources of headaches Tempero-mandibular joint dysfunction (TMD) is also a cause of chronic headaches
Elevated intracranial pressure triad includes headache, nausea and vomiting, and _______.
Name a sign and symptoms of underlying intracranial disorder.
Name a sign and symptom suggesting a more serious headache.
Over age 50, fever, throbbing headache on one side of the head, scalp sensitivity, jaw pain, vision difficulties, and elevated ESR are diagnostic of? Oral corticosteroids often indicated
Name a cause of elevated ICP.
Elevated intracranial pressure is pathologic pressure over _____mmHg.
This diuretic osmotically draws water into vascular space out of the parenchyma. This removes water from cells thus reducing intracellular volume and intracranial pressure.
________ cyst can cause increased intracranial pressure. This proves that not all headaches is caused by pathology in the head.

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