Science Quiz / Fungus and Bacteria NGR

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QUIZ: Can you name the Fungus and Bacteria NGR ?

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Gram (-) rod, Opportunist pathogen. Lung infection in Cystic fibrosis and immunocompromised patients.
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing pneumonia and meningitis3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Treatment for these fungi: Amphotericine B and surgical removal of focal infection foci
Budding yeasts with 'pilot wheel' morphology
Reservoir: Desert sand in Southwestern US
Gram (+) club shaped rods that are non-spore forming.
Gram (+) cocci in chains or pairs. Catalase negative, Beta hemolytic, Group A antigen, and Bacitracin sensitive.
Treatment for Streptococcus pyogenes. Treatment prevents Acute rheumatic fever.
Reservoir: Soil with decaying organic material in Eastern US
Pneumonia in school-age and young adults
Treatment for Haemophilus influenzae causing Sinusitis and Otitis media.
Filamentous fungus that causes Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, fungal ball, and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
______ toxin is an A-B exotoxin that blocks protein synthesis and damages the heart and nervous system.
Reservoir: Ubiquitous in soil
Reservoir: Soil contaminated by bird or bat feces in Eastern US.
Single-celled eukaryotic microorganism that has no ergosterol in the cell membrane. Causes interstitial pneumonia, extrapulmonary manifestations
Bacterial pathogens that cause Otitis Media.
Treatment for this fungus: Amphotericine B and Flucytosine
Bacterial pathogen that causes Epiglotittis
Intracellular budding yeasts in reticuloendothelial cells.
Reservoir: Unclear
Treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa causing fever, productive cough, weight loss, breathing difficulties, and cyanosis.
Treatment for Mycoplasma pneumoniae50s
Spherules filled with endosprores in tissue.
Single broad-based budding yeasts with no capsule.
Gram (-) diplococci that presents as ear pain.
Small obligate intracellular pathogen. Elementary body (EB) and Reticulate Body (RB). No peptidoglycan layer in cell wall.Energy parasites
Acid fast rods, slow growth, facultative intracellular.
Another name for granuloma formation in TB.
Virulence factor is P1 adhesin that adheres to respiratory epithelial cells, inhibits ciliary action and protection Persistent hacking cough
Gram (-) rod with a polysaccharide capsule in the Enterobacteriaceae family.
Community-acquired pneumonia
Diagnosed with Cold agglutinin titer, not seen on Gram stain, Eaton's media for culture.
Virulence factors: M protein, F protein, hyaluronic acid capsule.
Treatment for Diphtheria.
Gram (-) pleomorphic rods that require X (hemin) and V (NAD) factors.Grows on chocolate agar. Doesn't grow on blood agar
Reservoir: Soil enriched with pigeon droppings.
Treatment for Hib that causes invasive infections: epiglotittis, pneumonia, meningitis.3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Smallest free-living bacteria that has NO CELL WALL, and has Sterols in membrane.Causes Atypical/Walking Pneumonia
Filamentous fungus that causes Rhinocerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, disseminated ZygomycosesDisease is Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis)
Gram (-) coccobacilli, fastidious. Causes immobilization of cilia and killing of ciliated cells. Increase in mucus secretion and edema
Treatment for Klebsiella pneumoniae3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Treatment of Chlamydophila pneumoniae causing Pneumonia or Bronchitis: gradual onset of cough, malaise, dry cough50s
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing Sinusitis and Otitis Media
Treatment of Pulmonary anthrax causing fever, chills, cough, massive enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and shock.
Clinical presentation: Thick Pseudomembrane that can lead to obstruction and suffocation, sore throat, bull neck.
Gram (+) diplococcus that is Lancet shaped, catalase (-), Alpha hemolytic, Bile soluble, and Optochin sensitive
Gram (-) facultative intracellular pathogen. Water organism
Treatment for Bordetella pertussis 50s
Disease caused is coccidiodimycosis or 'Valley Fever'
______pathogens cause disease in healthy people. Dimorphic. Endemic. Includes Coccidioides immitis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
Treatment of Chlamydophila psitacci causing Pneumonia often associated with hepatitis
Reservoir: Soil in South America.
Gram (+) rod, single, paired, or long serpentine chains, spore forming, polypeptide capsule
Encapsulated yeast.
Treatment of Legionnaire's disease (atypical pneumonia) in elderly, smokers, immunocompromised patients. 50s
Treatment for this fungus: TMP-SMZ

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