Science Quiz / Fungus and Bacteria NGR

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Can you name the Fungus and Bacteria NGR ?

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Budding yeasts with 'pilot wheel' morphology
Treatment for this fungus: Amphotericine B and Flucytosine
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing Sinusitis and Otitis Media
Disease caused is coccidiodimycosis or 'Valley Fever'
Treatment of Legionnaire's disease (atypical pneumonia) in elderly, smokers, immunocompromised patients. 50s
Treatment for these fungi: Amphotericine B and surgical removal of focal infection foci
Gram (-) facultative intracellular pathogen. Water organism
Spherules filled with endosprores in tissue.
Pneumonia in school-age and young adults
Gram (+) diplococcus that is Lancet shaped, catalase (-), Alpha hemolytic, Bile soluble, and Optochin sensitive
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing pneumonia and meningitis3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Reservoir: Desert sand in Southwestern US
Virulence factor is P1 adhesin that adheres to respiratory epithelial cells, inhibits ciliary action and protection Persistent hacking cough
Intracellular budding yeasts in reticuloendothelial cells.
Virulence factors: M protein, F protein, hyaluronic acid capsule.
Bacterial pathogens that cause Otitis Media.
Reservoir: Soil with decaying organic material in Eastern US
______pathogens cause disease in healthy people. Dimorphic. Endemic. Includes Coccidioides immitis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
Clinical presentation: Thick Pseudomembrane that can lead to obstruction and suffocation, sore throat, bull neck.
Gram (-) diplococci that presents as ear pain.
Bacterial pathogen that causes Epiglotittis
Treatment for Bordetella pertussis 50s
Reservoir: Soil in South America.
Reservoir: Soil contaminated by bird or bat feces in Eastern US.
Filamentous fungus that causes Rhinocerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, disseminated ZygomycosesDisease is Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis)
Treatment of Pulmonary anthrax causing fever, chills, cough, massive enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and shock.
Reservoir: Soil enriched with pigeon droppings.
Treatment for Mycoplasma pneumoniae50s
Treatment for Diphtheria.
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Acid fast rods, slow growth, facultative intracellular.
Single broad-based budding yeasts with no capsule.
Gram (-) rod, Opportunist pathogen. Lung infection in Cystic fibrosis and immunocompromised patients.
Treatment for Klebsiella pneumoniae3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Another name for granuloma formation in TB.
Gram (+) cocci in chains or pairs. Catalase negative, Beta hemolytic, Group A antigen, and Bacitracin sensitive.
Treatment of Chlamydophila pneumoniae causing Pneumonia or Bronchitis: gradual onset of cough, malaise, dry cough50s
Gram (-) pleomorphic rods that require X (hemin) and V (NAD) factors.Grows on chocolate agar. Doesn't grow on blood agar
Treatment for Haemophilus influenzae causing Sinusitis and Otitis media.
Reservoir: Unclear
Treatment for this fungus: TMP-SMZ
Gram (+) rod, single, paired, or long serpentine chains, spore forming, polypeptide capsule
Encapsulated yeast.
Treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa causing fever, productive cough, weight loss, breathing difficulties, and cyanosis.
Gram (+) club shaped rods that are non-spore forming.
Gram (-) rod with a polysaccharide capsule in the Enterobacteriaceae family.
Treatment for Streptococcus pyogenes. Treatment prevents Acute rheumatic fever.
Reservoir: Ubiquitous in soil
Treatment of Chlamydophila psitacci causing Pneumonia often associated with hepatitis
Treatment for Hib that causes invasive infections: epiglotittis, pneumonia, meningitis.3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Smallest free-living bacteria that has NO CELL WALL, and has Sterols in membrane.Causes Atypical/Walking Pneumonia
Single-celled eukaryotic microorganism that has no ergosterol in the cell membrane. Causes interstitial pneumonia, extrapulmonary manifestations
Filamentous fungus that causes Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, fungal ball, and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
Small obligate intracellular pathogen. Elementary body (EB) and Reticulate Body (RB). No peptidoglycan layer in cell wall.Energy parasites
Community-acquired pneumonia
Diagnosed with Cold agglutinin titer, not seen on Gram stain, Eaton's media for culture.
Gram (-) coccobacilli, fastidious. Causes immobilization of cilia and killing of ciliated cells. Increase in mucus secretion and edema
______ toxin is an A-B exotoxin that blocks protein synthesis and damages the heart and nervous system.

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