Science Quiz / Fungus and Bacteria NGR

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Can you name the Fungus and Bacteria NGR ?

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Diagnosed with Cold agglutinin titer, not seen on Gram stain, Eaton's media for culture.
Treatment of Legionnaire's disease (atypical pneumonia) in elderly, smokers, immunocompromised patients. 50s
Gram (-) pleomorphic rods that require X (hemin) and V (NAD) factors.Grows on chocolate agar. Doesn't grow on blood agar
Reservoir: Unclear
Gram (+) rod, single, paired, or long serpentine chains, spore forming, polypeptide capsule
Disease caused is coccidiodimycosis or 'Valley Fever'
Single broad-based budding yeasts with no capsule.
Treatment of Chlamydophila psitacci causing Pneumonia often associated with hepatitis
Community-acquired pneumonia
Treatment for Bordetella pertussis 50s
Treatment for Diphtheria.
Pneumonia in school-age and young adults
______ toxin is an A-B exotoxin that blocks protein synthesis and damages the heart and nervous system.
Treatment for this fungus: TMP-SMZ
Acid fast rods, slow growth, facultative intracellular.
Reservoir: Soil contaminated by bird or bat feces in Eastern US.
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing Sinusitis and Otitis Media
Reservoir: Ubiquitous in soil
Reservoir: Soil in South America.
Gram (-) diplococci that presents as ear pain.
Treatment for Streptococcus pyogenes. Treatment prevents Acute rheumatic fever.
Filamentous fungus that causes Rhinocerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, disseminated ZygomycosesDisease is Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis)
Treatment for Mycoplasma pneumoniae50s
Gram (-) rod with a polysaccharide capsule in the Enterobacteriaceae family.
Spherules filled with endosprores in tissue.
Encapsulated yeast.
Reservoir: Desert sand in Southwestern US
Clinical presentation: Thick Pseudomembrane that can lead to obstruction and suffocation, sore throat, bull neck.
Another name for granuloma formation in TB.
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Treatment for Klebsiella pneumoniae3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Gram (+) club shaped rods that are non-spore forming.
Budding yeasts with 'pilot wheel' morphology
Bacterial pathogens that cause Otitis Media.
Single-celled eukaryotic microorganism that has no ergosterol in the cell membrane. Causes interstitial pneumonia, extrapulmonary manifestations
Treatment for this fungus: Amphotericine B and Flucytosine
Small obligate intracellular pathogen. Elementary body (EB) and Reticulate Body (RB). No peptidoglycan layer in cell wall.Energy parasites
Gram (+) diplococcus that is Lancet shaped, catalase (-), Alpha hemolytic, Bile soluble, and Optochin sensitive
Virulence factors: M protein, F protein, hyaluronic acid capsule.
Gram (-) rod, Opportunist pathogen. Lung infection in Cystic fibrosis and immunocompromised patients.
Reservoir: Soil enriched with pigeon droppings.
Treatment of Chlamydophila pneumoniae causing Pneumonia or Bronchitis: gradual onset of cough, malaise, dry cough50s
Intracellular budding yeasts in reticuloendothelial cells.
Treatment for these fungi: Amphotericine B and surgical removal of focal infection foci
Gram (-) facultative intracellular pathogen. Water organism
Treatment of Pulmonary anthrax causing fever, chills, cough, massive enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and shock.
______pathogens cause disease in healthy people. Dimorphic. Endemic. Includes Coccidioides immitis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing pneumonia and meningitis3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa causing fever, productive cough, weight loss, breathing difficulties, and cyanosis.
Gram (+) cocci in chains or pairs. Catalase negative, Beta hemolytic, Group A antigen, and Bacitracin sensitive.
Virulence factor is P1 adhesin that adheres to respiratory epithelial cells, inhibits ciliary action and protection Persistent hacking cough
Filamentous fungus that causes Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, fungal ball, and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
Treatment for Hib that causes invasive infections: epiglotittis, pneumonia, meningitis.3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Treatment for Haemophilus influenzae causing Sinusitis and Otitis media.
Bacterial pathogen that causes Epiglotittis
Gram (-) coccobacilli, fastidious. Causes immobilization of cilia and killing of ciliated cells. Increase in mucus secretion and edema
Smallest free-living bacteria that has NO CELL WALL, and has Sterols in membrane.Causes Atypical/Walking Pneumonia
Reservoir: Soil with decaying organic material in Eastern US

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