Science Quiz / Endocrine Week 1

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Can you name the Endocrine Week 1 ?

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______ Syndrome: Pituitary adenoma, Pancreatic islet cell tumors (Zollinger-Ellison), and Parathyroid disease Chromosome 11q13 mutation.
Chromaffin cell neoplasia. 10% tumor. Diagnosis is based on increased levels of urinary free catecholamines.
Cortisol stimulates __________
Parafollicular cells produce _____ to keep Calcium in the bone.
Growth Hormone is also known as _______
Blocks 11B-hydroxylase.
Drug used to treat pheochromocytoma and causes irreversible long-duration blockade of alpha receptor.
Use of glucocorticoids is contraindicated in any active infection especially ___________
______ syndrome: defect in Na channel. High Na mimics hyperaldosteronism.
Isolated aldosterone deficiency with low renin
Increase in potassium and ________ results in very potent increase in aldosterone.
Blocks the synthesis of pregnenolone
In the liver, insulin depresses the rate of _______
Decreased blood glucose, fasting, somatostatin, alpha adrenergic activity, leptin _______ insulin secretion
Majority of hormones are _________.
Sulfonylurea drugs (glyburide, tolbutamide) ______ insulin secretion
Benign cystic tumor from Rathke's pouch remnants. 50% occurs in children and lead to pituitary hormone deficiencies.
Oxytocin and ADH are produced in the paraventricular and _____ nucleus.
Extreme ketosis can cause _______
_______ cyst are found in the Pars intermedia.
Brain sand in the pineal gland
Defective Rathke's pouch formation and absent anterior lobe.
Insulin is co-secreted with peptide ______
Name a symptom of Panhypopituitarism (Sheehan's syndrome)
Growth hormone secreting adenoma after the closure of the epiphyseal growth plates
Lab test for Addison's disease includes adrenal stimulation test with _______
Much higher concentrations of ________ constrict arterioles.
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_______ disease: Primary adrenal insufficiency.
Cortisol inhibits ______ release and inhibits hypothalamus.
Excess aldosterone results in hypertension, hypokalemia, and mild ________.
Pars nervosa is part of the _______ pituitary.
Addison's Disease is an adrenal insufficiency which results in tendency to ________
Anterior Chapman's points for adrenals are 5-7cm above and ______ cm lateral to the umbilicus
Hormone that contracts myoepithelial cells in breast alveoli to eject milk. Has a role in labor.
Glucocorticoid receptor antagonist.
________ Syndrome: Pituitary adenoma discovered years after bilateral adrenalectomy for Cushing's syndrome. Skin hyperpigmentation.
Name a steroid hormone.
Primary adrenal neoplasms are ACTH _____
Insulin secretion is stimulated by an increase in glucose, free fatty acids, and ______
_____ body is an axon terminal containing Oxytocin and ADH in the posterior pituitary.
TART changes for adrenals are at the level of which thoracic segments?
Name an early symptom of Addison's disease
Chief cells of Parathyroid gland make ________ and release Calcium to the vasculature.
Majority of Prolactinomas are ________.
Delta cells in the Islet of Langerhans secrete _______
Absent posterior lobe of the pituitary
______ disease: ACTH secreting adenoma
Secondary adrenocortical insufficiency has no ________
The most common cause of Cushing's disease is _______.
Posterior Chapman's points for the adrenals are in the intertransverse spaces between ____ and T12
Name a hormone that is an aminoacid derivative.
______ syndrome: Secondary cause of Aldosteronism such as hyperreninemia, accelerated HTN and edema syndromes.
Pars distalis is part of the _____ pituitary.
Normal blood glucose is ______mg/dl in the fasting person and 120-140mg/dl during the first hour after a meal.

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