Science Quiz / Diuretic Agents

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the Diuretic Agents ?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Also try: Snakes!
Challenge
Share
Tweet
Embed
Score 0/24 Timer 15:00
xxx
Sulfonamide similar to thiazide
Toxicities: Ototoxicity, hypovolemia, K wasting, hyperuricemia, hypomagnesemia
Pharmacologic antagonist of aldosterone
Like spironolactone, more selective for aldosterone receptor
Antagonist at V1a and V2 ADH receptors. Reduces water reabsorption and increases plasma Na concentration
Inhibition of Na/K/Cl transporter in the ascending limb of Henle's loop
Only parenteral thiazide available
Used for hypertension, mild heart failure, nephrolithiasis, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
MOA: Physical osmotic effect on tissue water distribution because it is retained in the vascular compartment
Toxicities: Hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hyperuricemia, hyperglycemia, hyponatremia
Toxicity: Hyperkalemic metabolic acidosis
MOA: Inhibition of NaCl transporter in the distal convoluted tubule
xxx
Not a sulfonamide but has typical loop activity and some uricosuric action loop diuretic
Toxicity: Hyperkalemia, gynecomastia
Used for peripheral edema, hypertension, acute hypercalcemia, hyperkalemia, acute renal failure, anion overdose
MOA: Inhibition of the enzyme prevents dehydration of H2CO3 and hydration of CO2
Mechanism like amiloride, much less potent, more toxic
Toxicity: Nausea, vomiting, headache. May enhance congestive heart failure or cause pulmonary edema.
Toxicity: Infusion site reactions
Clinical applications: glaucoma, mountain sickness, edema with alkalosis
Toxicities: metabolic acidosis, renal stones, hyperammonemia in cirrhotics
Reduces reabsorption of HCO3- in the kidney causing self limited diuresis
MOA: Blocks epithelial sodium channels in collecting tubules
Popular for use with loop agents for synergistic effects

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras

Top Quizzes Today


Score Distribution

Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.