Science Quiz / Dermatological Infections

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Can you name the Dermatological Infections ?

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Causes fishtank granuloma and self-resolving.
Group of congenital diseases with friable skin that responds to minimal trauma with breakdown, bulla formation and ulceration
Necrotizing fasciitis is associated with strep infection and sometimes gram negatives are involved, especially in ______ gangrene, a variant that starts in the perineum and scrotum
_____: fine hairs found on the fetus and infant
Secondary syphilis lesions are found on the ______ and soles.
______ effluvium: the abrupt loss of hair from follicles that are in their growing phase. An abrupt insult to the metabolic and follicular reproductive apparatus must be delivered
Treatment of furuncle is to _____ the abscess.
Infection of the lacrimal duct and sac.
Formed by immunoglobulin light chain and is seen in multiple myeloma and Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia
Alopecia _____: 100% loss of hair on the scalp and body.
____ sign sudden increase of seborrheic keratoses- associated with GI Malignancies
Rapid onset of total hair loss in a sharply defined, usually round, area. The diagnosis is made by observation.
The characteristic mucocutaneous pigmentations (melanin spots) of _____ are present in more than 95 percent of patients and are caused by pigment laden macrophages in the dermis. A
_______ effluvium affects the bitemporal areas. Causes include acute blood loss, childbirth, crash diets (inadequate protein), drugs such as coumarin, heparin, propanolol, vitamin
Full thickness, laterally spreading infection. Streptococci are the most frequent etiology, but some are associated with Vibrio vulnificus.
Cutaneous manifestations of _______: Thickened, inflexible leathery skin and subcutaenous tissue
Pustular nodular lesions at primary site of infection then along lymphatic drainage route. Causative agent is a dimorphic fungus- Sporothrix. Treated with Itraconazole or potassium
Characterized by a photosensitive malar rash, frequently with erosion and telangiectasias.
______ lines are reflective of inflammatory process at discrete time of nail development. Caused by systemic illness.
Self limiting inflammatory condition with hypopigmentation.
_____ lines occur in Arsenic exposure.
_____ hair: short, fine relatively nonpigmented and covers much of the body.
Chancre can be found in ______ syphilis.
Synonymous with ulcerative impetigo, but usually involves the whole thickness of the epidermis.
An exaggerated vascular response to cold temperature or emotional stress.
Hypopigmented scaly lesions due to niacin deficiency.
Autoimmune skin disorder with IgG antibody against desmosomes. Antibodies against desmosomal proteins cause acantholysis.
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SLE is typically exacerbated by _____.
_________ alopecia is due to the progressive shortening of successive anagen cycles. There are two populations of scalp follicles: androgen-sensitive follicles on the top and andro
______ ________ syndrome: 'Coast of Maine' border rather than smooth border of NF.
Papular _____ of Pregnancy: High levels of HCG and generalized distribution are different from Prurigo gest. Generalized eruption of intensely pruritic papules. Clears after delive
Alopecia areata is treated with intralesional ______.
____ granuloma is common in pregnancy and post partum. Friable, bleeding lesions. Removed with dessication and curettage.
Finger ______ (Hippocratic nails) is a distinct feature associated with a number of diseases, but it may occur as a normal variant
The _____ (rest) phase in the scalp lasts for 2 to 3 months before the scalp follicles reenter the anagen stage and the cycle is repeated.
Recent studies show that women with female pattern alopecia have increased levels of _____.
______ biopsy is recommended to be used to confirm diagnosis in Amyloidosis.
Limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (Scleroderma) is generally associated with the ______ syndrome
Ecthyma _______: Pseudomonas infection in immunocompromised host.
Autoimmune skin disorder with IgG antibody against hemidesmosomes. Follows other skin eruption such as Erythema multiforme. Treated with systemic prednisone.
Shallow infection generally with purulent honey colored crust.
_____ is a process of involution that occurs with cell death in follicular keratinocytes. It is the phase of acute follicular regression that signals the end of anagen.
Prurigo ______: Small, highly pruritic papules, often covered by bloody crusts due to scratching. Extensor surfaces of extremities, abdomen, and thorax. Clears after delivery.
______ infection: Generally follow exposure to marine organisms or environment, and occur most often in people with alcoholism or liver disease.
The variola virus, a DNA virus of the orthopoxvirus genus, causes ________.
Causative agent of tinea versicolor.
Hair shaft is _____ protein.
Argyria is from _____ ingestion.
Pruritus _______: Cholestasis of Pregnancy. Skin manifestation is generally pruritus. Serum bile acids generally elevated.
The affected hairs of alopecia areata that are often found retained at the periphery of a lesion have a normal upper shaft and a narrowed base—“______ point” hair.
Rocky mountain spotted fever has _____ rash.
Compulsive hair pulling. May or may not be associated with Obsessive compulsive disorder.
Alopecia _____: 100% loss of scalp hair
Represent an infection that involves several follicles combined into a single deep abscess pocket.
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The most common form of systemic vasculitis in children.
Treatment for vibrio vulnificus
Acrallentiginous ____ presents as a discolored nail.
Lateral elevation and central depression of the nail plate cause the nail to be ______ shaped; this is called koilonychia.
Lymphadenitis of the cervical lymph nodes associated with tuberculosis.
A deep infection that penetrates through the skin and spreads along the deep fascia.
The spontaneous appearance of _____ nails occurs before, during, or after certain respiratory diseases and in diseases associated with lymphedema.
The spontaneous onset of spoon nails has been reported to occur with _____ and in 50% of patients with idiopathic hemochromatosis.
The ______ or growth phase begins with resumption of mitotic activity in the hair bulb and dermal papilla.
______ hairs- Thick, pigmented on the top of the head and in the beard, axillary, and pubic areas are influenced by androgens.
Tertiary syphilis includes ______ lata.
Involves dermal lymphatics. Superficial. Causes facial cellulitis. Etiologic organism is Strep pyogenes. Risk of CNS dissemination through cavernous sinus or the orbit.
Hereditary inability to synthesize melanin due to tyrosine kinase defects.
Nystatin is _____ specific.
Subungual _____ occur in tuberous sclerosis.
Life and vision threatening infection that has invaded the septum and involves the orbit. Usually seen in children.
______Syndrome: Secrete serotonin and causes intermittent flushing. Malignant tumor that looks like a benign tumor.
Clinical features include waxy skin and easy bruising. Enlarged muscles (e.g. tongue, deltoids).
_____: underlying hamartomas in the GI tract can transform to malignancy
_______ Gestationis: Generalized pruritis, erythematous papules, plaques and vesicobullous lesions periumbilically, spreading over whole body . Associated with fetal mortality in s
Most common hypopigmentation. Symmetrical on both sides. Treatment is UVA light to bring back some pigmentation.
Most common cutaneous manifestation of diabetes mellitus is ________- a velvety hyperpigmented thickening of skin at the base of the neck and involving the axilla.
Baldness in men is not a _____, but rather a physiologic reaction induced by androgens in genetically predisposed men. The pattern of inheritance is probably polygenic. Thinning of
Staph aureus in superficial skin infection
Erythema chronica migrans can be found in _____ disease.
characterized by a ring of small, firm, flesh-colored or red papules. The localized form, most common in young adult females, is most frequently found on the lateral or dorsal surf

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