Science Quiz / Dermatological Infections

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Can you name the Dermatological Infections ?

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Involves dermal lymphatics. Superficial. Causes facial cellulitis. Etiologic organism is Strep pyogenes. Risk of CNS dissemination through cavernous sinus or the orbit.
Compulsive hair pulling. May or may not be associated with Obsessive compulsive disorder.
Life and vision threatening infection that has invaded the septum and involves the orbit. Usually seen in children.
SLE is typically exacerbated by _____.
Represent an infection that involves several follicles combined into a single deep abscess pocket.
Tertiary syphilis includes ______ lata.
Autoimmune skin disorder with IgG antibody against desmosomes. Antibodies against desmosomal proteins cause acantholysis.
Recent studies show that women with female pattern alopecia have increased levels of _____.
Full thickness, laterally spreading infection. Streptococci are the most frequent etiology, but some are associated with Vibrio vulnificus.
Autoimmune skin disorder with IgG antibody against hemidesmosomes. Follows other skin eruption such as Erythema multiforme. Treated with systemic prednisone.
Rocky mountain spotted fever has _____ rash.
Pruritus _______: Cholestasis of Pregnancy. Skin manifestation is generally pruritus. Serum bile acids generally elevated.
Infection of the lacrimal duct and sac.
A deep infection that penetrates through the skin and spreads along the deep fascia.
Self limiting inflammatory condition with hypopigmentation.
Erythema chronica migrans can be found in _____ disease.
Pustular nodular lesions at primary site of infection then along lymphatic drainage route. Causative agent is a dimorphic fungus- Sporothrix. Treated with Itraconazole or potassium
______ hairs- Thick, pigmented on the top of the head and in the beard, axillary, and pubic areas are influenced by androgens.
Causative agent of tinea versicolor.
Prurigo ______: Small, highly pruritic papules, often covered by bloody crusts due to scratching. Extensor surfaces of extremities, abdomen, and thorax. Clears after delivery.
The spontaneous onset of spoon nails has been reported to occur with _____ and in 50% of patients with idiopathic hemochromatosis.
Treatment of furuncle is to _____ the abscess.
____ granuloma is common in pregnancy and post partum. Friable, bleeding lesions. Removed with dessication and curettage.
The _____ (rest) phase in the scalp lasts for 2 to 3 months before the scalp follicles reenter the anagen stage and the cycle is repeated.
Chancre can be found in ______ syphilis.
Alopecia _____: 100% loss of hair on the scalp and body.
______ ________ syndrome: 'Coast of Maine' border rather than smooth border of NF.
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_____ is a process of involution that occurs with cell death in follicular keratinocytes. It is the phase of acute follicular regression that signals the end of anagen.
Staph aureus in superficial skin infection
Argyria is from _____ ingestion.
Alopecia _____: 100% loss of scalp hair
Rapid onset of total hair loss in a sharply defined, usually round, area. The diagnosis is made by observation.
The affected hairs of alopecia areata that are often found retained at the periphery of a lesion have a normal upper shaft and a narrowed base—“______ point” hair.
Ecthyma _______: Pseudomonas infection in immunocompromised host.
Shallow infection generally with purulent honey colored crust.
Most common cutaneous manifestation of diabetes mellitus is ________- a velvety hyperpigmented thickening of skin at the base of the neck and involving the axilla.
Group of congenital diseases with friable skin that responds to minimal trauma with breakdown, bulla formation and ulceration
Clinical features include waxy skin and easy bruising. Enlarged muscles (e.g. tongue, deltoids).
Lateral elevation and central depression of the nail plate cause the nail to be ______ shaped; this is called koilonychia.
The spontaneous appearance of _____ nails occurs before, during, or after certain respiratory diseases and in diseases associated with lymphedema.
Causes fishtank granuloma and self-resolving.
_____: fine hairs found on the fetus and infant
Lymphadenitis of the cervical lymph nodes associated with tuberculosis.
______Syndrome: Secrete serotonin and causes intermittent flushing. Malignant tumor that looks like a benign tumor.
The characteristic mucocutaneous pigmentations (melanin spots) of _____ are present in more than 95 percent of patients and are caused by pigment laden macrophages in the dermis. A
_______ Gestationis: Generalized pruritis, erythematous papules, plaques and vesicobullous lesions periumbilically, spreading over whole body . Associated with fetal mortality in s
_________ alopecia is due to the progressive shortening of successive anagen cycles. There are two populations of scalp follicles: androgen-sensitive follicles on the top and andro
_____ hair: short, fine relatively nonpigmented and covers much of the body.
Acrallentiginous ____ presents as a discolored nail.
______ effluvium: the abrupt loss of hair from follicles that are in their growing phase. An abrupt insult to the metabolic and follicular reproductive apparatus must be delivered
Cutaneous manifestations of _______: Thickened, inflexible leathery skin and subcutaenous tissue
Characterized by a photosensitive malar rash, frequently with erosion and telangiectasias.
Nystatin is _____ specific.
Hypopigmented scaly lesions due to niacin deficiency.
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Formed by immunoglobulin light chain and is seen in multiple myeloma and Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia
Finger ______ (Hippocratic nails) is a distinct feature associated with a number of diseases, but it may occur as a normal variant
characterized by a ring of small, firm, flesh-colored or red papules. The localized form, most common in young adult females, is most frequently found on the lateral or dorsal surf
Alopecia areata is treated with intralesional ______.
_____: underlying hamartomas in the GI tract can transform to malignancy
Subungual _____ occur in tuberous sclerosis.
Hair shaft is _____ protein.
______ biopsy is recommended to be used to confirm diagnosis in Amyloidosis.
_____ lines occur in Arsenic exposure.
______ lines are reflective of inflammatory process at discrete time of nail development. Caused by systemic illness.
The variola virus, a DNA virus of the orthopoxvirus genus, causes ________.
______ infection: Generally follow exposure to marine organisms or environment, and occur most often in people with alcoholism or liver disease.
Baldness in men is not a _____, but rather a physiologic reaction induced by androgens in genetically predisposed men. The pattern of inheritance is probably polygenic. Thinning of
____ sign sudden increase of seborrheic keratoses- associated with GI Malignancies
The ______ or growth phase begins with resumption of mitotic activity in the hair bulb and dermal papilla.
Limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (Scleroderma) is generally associated with the ______ syndrome
Secondary syphilis lesions are found on the ______ and soles.
Papular _____ of Pregnancy: High levels of HCG and generalized distribution are different from Prurigo gest. Generalized eruption of intensely pruritic papules. Clears after delive
Necrotizing fasciitis is associated with strep infection and sometimes gram negatives are involved, especially in ______ gangrene, a variant that starts in the perineum and scrotum
Most common hypopigmentation. Symmetrical on both sides. Treatment is UVA light to bring back some pigmentation.
The most common form of systemic vasculitis in children.
An exaggerated vascular response to cold temperature or emotional stress.
Synonymous with ulcerative impetigo, but usually involves the whole thickness of the epidermis.
Treatment for vibrio vulnificus
_______ effluvium affects the bitemporal areas. Causes include acute blood loss, childbirth, crash diets (inadequate protein), drugs such as coumarin, heparin, propanolol, vitamin
Hereditary inability to synthesize melanin due to tyrosine kinase defects.

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Created Apr 21, 2012ReportNominate
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