Science Quiz / AD, AR, XR

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Can you name the AD, AR, XR ?

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DiseaseAD, AR, XR
Phenylketonuria
ARPKD
NF1 - Cafe au lait spots, neural tumors, Lisch nodules (pigmented iris hamartomas). On chromosome 17.
NF2- Bilateral acoustic schwannoma. NF2 gene on chromosome 22
Sickle cell anemia
Von-Hippel Lindau disease- Hemangioblastomas of retina, cerebellum, medulla. Associated with deletion of VHL gene on chromosome 3. Activation of angiogenic growth factors
Hunter's Syndrome
Lesch-Nyan syndrome
Albinism
Huntington's Disease- Decreased GABA and ACh in the brain.
Fabry's disease
Ocular albinism
Mucopolysaccharidoses (except Hunter's)
Cystic Fibrosis
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia- Associated with ret gene
Familial Hypercholesterolemia- Type IIA- Elevated LDL due to defective or absent LDL receptor
DiseaseAD, AR, XR
ADPKD- Always bilateral. Berry aneurysms
Familial Adenomatous Polyposis- Mutation on chromosome 5 (APC gene)
G6PD deficiency
Glycogen storage diseases
Thalassemias
Achondroplasia - Cell signaling defect of FGFR3
Hereditary spherocytosis - Spheroid erythrocytes due to spectrin or ankyrin defect. Splenectomy is curative.
Duchenne's (and Becker's) muscular dystrophy
Bruton's agammaglobulinemia
Sphingolipidoses (Except Fabry's)
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome) - Inherited disorder of blood vessels
Hemophilia A and B
Hemochromatosis
Tuberous sclerosis- Ash leaf spots. Seizures, mental retardation, angiomyolipomas, cardiac rhabdomyomas, increased incidence of astrocytomas.
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
Marfan's Syndrome- Fibrillin gene mutation- Cystic medial necrosis of aorta.

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