Miscellaneous Quiz / Computer Systems Eager

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Can you name the Computer Systems Eager?

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Typical logged items in mail logging include...
If the PTE changes, the TLB becomes...
A network where the non-network part is all ones is called a...
......... is a problem with contiguous organisation, as it leaves little space for files
Model of SMTP: Client sends all mail to one SMTP server, which then operates as direct connection
Backup which makes a backup for files when a current backup doesn't exist
Operation System provides...
Accepts incoming mail and either delivers or forwards it
We can say that users prefer ........ names instead of IP addresses
The maximum size of the Virtual Machine
Contains the real address corresponding to Virtual Address 0 for the current process
Used by the OS to keep speed as though there wasn't a paging system; similar to a cache
Part of the Kernel that varies based on different hardware
Contiguous organisation is cheap in...
File directories contain...
A block of data, plus routing information
A set of agreed rules to allow nodes to communicate to each other in an unambiguous manner
As transfer of mail relies on a number of servers, there can be...
SMTP protocol exchanges such be .......
Backup which contains all files changed/created since the last complete backup
What would be sent to get the name of
TCP/IP model: If a datagram does not fit in a physical frame, it is...
Normal IP addresses are called...
Third type of OS
Virtual addresses are split into two things...
TCP/IP model: The TCP sends in...
TCP/IP model: As the IP datagram itself remains the same format, there is...
In Paging, virtual memory is divided into pieces of the same size stored in the page frames, known as...
TCP/IP model: The UDP uses...
When sending a packet, if its IP address is not in the same network as the current one, the ...... needs to be consulted.
TCP is used for ...... data transfer
The amount of memory the hardware can support
The validity time of a DNS reply is...
TCP/IP model: The UDP sends in...
TCP/IP model: The Transport Layer model protocol that is RELIABLE
A reply (entry in table) can be ....... for quicker access
TCP/IP model: With the TCP, there is no need to implement...
Where several processes are active at the same time
Where a file system is scanned alongside the free file list for cross allocation, and lost free blocks are reclaimed
Field names for mail headers are generally defined in the ....
Disadvantage of Smarthost
Packet Switching usually includes an ...... to check all is ok
Protocol used by Network layer
TCP/IP model: The Transport Layer model that is UNRELIABLE
Benefit of Smarthost
Organisation where files are stored as consecutively numbered blocks
The TCP/IP model is essentially a ...... layer model
The ......... octets of an IP address generally specify the network
Second type of OS
Packets are sent across the network
The function where data is sent to a file
TCP/IP model: The hardware layer works in ..... whose format depends on the hardware in use
Application level protocols ensure that applications will...
In File Map Organisation, you need to read through the whole map to find the...
The virtual memory not stored in page frames is stored in a...
A process requires another process to have reached a certain point in execution in order to continue.
ISO7 Layer: Splits data into packets and reassembles them
Where OS contains roughly equal modules communicating with each other
TCP/IP model: The physical network interface
A message consists of a ... and a ....
TCP/IP model: The protocol used decides what to do with the...
A filing system must allow for creation, ..... and ..... of files
In mail exchange, there can be ...... ....... between the sending server and the receiving server.
Ideas for communication are known as...
TCP/IP model: The Internet layer wraps a packet in an ...... and sends/receives it
Disadvantage of Circuit Switching
The set of IP addresses reserved for special cases where a datagram is sent to multiple hosts
Mail logging is sometimes a...
Pneumonic for the ISO7 Layer model
A record of all mail passing through the server is kept
Backup which is a complete copy of the file system
Example of General purpose OS
More than one process competes for an unshareable resource
Mail logging assists in determining the load for ....
TCP/IP model: Headers of hardware packets include....
When the host looks up the name associated with an IP address
A backup system needs to be...
Header consists of fields formatted as ......:.....
First part of an SMTP status message
ISO7 Layer: Provides guarranteed delivery for packets
TCP/IP model: the address used by the software
Paging provides a...
Where OS is one program and difficult to maintain
We can assume that a storage system consists of a sequence of ....... for laying out files.
Name servers are separated .... in case of power failure
First type of OS
ISO7 Layer: Provides end to end transmission of packets
A reason to network
Protocol used to send mail
A filing system must provide a...
The typical access permissions: R/W/E/D
In small networks, when sending packets, they are generally just sent to the...
TCP/IP model: Provides communication from one application program to another
TCP/IP model: Handles communication from one host to another
In Paging, real memory is divided into...
Easy to alter ....... in File Map Organisaton
Where OS is made of layered modules
ISO7 Layers: Concerned with getting bits between nodes
Virtual System provides...
A backup needs to be able to be run on an... so it can be used while the system is in use.
TCP/IP model: The TCP uses...
The software that contacts the name server to get name resolution is the...
Something that allows data stored in one computer to be passed to another.
Generated by the hardware when a reference is made to a page not in the page frame.
The last octet of an IP address generally specifies the...
TCP/IP model: In the hardware layer, whatever is passed from the layer above is wrapped with a...
Contiguous organisation retrieval information consists of ..... and ...
Part of the Kernel: allows process start-up and switching
Programs are provided with whatever memory they need
A filing system must be...
The ARPA network is now worldwide, with ........ being a major driver
The specified recipients/sender of an SMTP exchange don't have to match the ones in the ...... and ..... lines in the actual message
Destination sometimes has to ..... packets
We can say that an IP address is a ..... level name
TCP/IP model: Users use application programs to access available services
Provide the service of Domain Name Service
The typical user group system: U/G/W
A machine that transfers packets between networks
UDP is usually used for ..... data transfer
Spammers often use a ...... as spam filter is lighter
UDP messages contain ..... of octets
Second part of an SMTP status message
A filing system may be on a variety on media, but most commonly on...
Message carries a log of servers it has passed through
If the application server is using TCP and receives a stream, it may ....... for the length of the communication
If we do not know how to deliver a datagram using the routing table...
A complete backup takes a long ..... and lots of ......
The function used to gain access to a file
Allocated to a process: contains priority, resources used, etc
TCP/IP model: The data is split into ...... which are then sent inside IP datagram
Helps deal with Input/Output devices
Directories are arranged in...
Third part of an SMTP status message
If mail is delivered to ISP, they store it in one or more maildrops
IP addresses are generally assigned by .......
The field practically all mail servers add to mail
TCP/IP model: The physical address of the destination host used by the Hardware layer; a 48 bit value
Core of a client-server OS
The shortcomings of mail transfer mean we don't use it for anything...
Number of hardware layers in the TCP/IP model
Protocols are defined by the...
The contents of BASE and LIMITS are stored in...
TCP/IP model; The address used by the hardware
Activities that the OS performs
,,,,,,,,-,, is supplied by the ..... mail server in the chain, allowing the message to be traced.
Mapping information of a file name to its actual file
The function which flushes any partially filled buffers when writing
Connects physical networks so they operate as a co-ordinated uni
Contains the size of the virtual machine
First digit of an SMTP status message number
TCP/IP model: Accepts IP datagrams, transmits over a specific network, and receives similarly
The early stages of mail tracing can be...
Names are mapped to IP addresses using...
The entire global directory of names is essentially a...
Contains the critical code
The function used to obtain data from a file
File layout system where files are stored in any available blocks, with pointers to the next block for the file; kind of like linked lists.
Protocol used by Transport layer
Nodes in a network may include...
TCP/IP model: With the TCP, the header also contains a ....... number
Model for communication
A file system can suffer damage from...
Disadvantage of Packet Switching
The name server which gets updated is the...
TCP streams contain ...... of octets
Name Servers are generally contacted on port ..., usually using the ... protocol
In mail exchange, the client can be the same machine as...
Part of the Kernel: used if there is an interrupt, saves hardware state.
Benefit of Circuit Switching
The function where the current file position is altered
Second digit of an SMTP status message number
TCP/IP model: Passes data to or from the transport layer
Real address =...
Before the connection, there is a physical end to end pathway established used for the whole connection
TCP/IP model: Used by the transport layer to specify where the packet is headed
Number of Software layers in the TCP/IP model
A process needs enough consecutive memory spaces to be executed/shared
Model of SMTP: Client sends mail directly to recipient's SMTP if they have one; otherwise, it goes to a maildrop area of the ISP.
Continuing development on the Internet is overseen by the...
TCP/IP model: The UDP uses ....... to transport messages between machines
TCP/IP model: Contains the programs that actually do the work

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