Science Quiz / High Yield Clinical Medicine Neuromuscular Block 2

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Can you name the High Yield Clinical Medicine

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How many IgG western blot bands are needed to diagnose Lyme disease?
Hyperflexion injury leading to the inability to extend at the DIP joint
What drug can be used in the treatment of SLE that reduces the potential of skin involvement?
What is the shortest amount of time a tick requires for transmiting Borrelia burgdorferi
What disease is associated w/ a maltese cross finding on microscopic examination?
What is the most important predictor for the incidence of fracture risk in osteoporotic patients?
What type of stroke cannot be treated with t-PA?
Symptoms of this condition include: Allergic rhinitis, necrotizing vasculitis of smallest vessels, asthma and peripheral eosinophilia, wrist drop, necrotizing crescentic immune glo
The majority of SLE cases affect ________ with next closest high incidence involvement is in the ________.
Injury to this collateral knee ligament is associated with medial meniscus injury
What is an alternative to cytoxin for severe SLE?
anti-SS-A and anti-SS-B antibodies are associated with what condition
What is the C in CREST?
Treatment for tick paralysis
What is the R in CREST?
On T1 weighted imaging CSF is _________. (light or dark)
Grade of sprain with mild disability and no laxity
Bracing reverses a scoliotic curve. (true or false)
Grade III ankle sprains often require this type of brace upon return to activity
Many of the people with Beurger's disease have this lifestyle factor in common
Longitudinal ligament that resists hyperflexion
What condition is most closely associated with Scleroderma? (over 90% of cases)
Definition: Anatomical or physiological dysfunction.
Treatment of scoliotic curve above 40 degrees
What type of study is used to diagnose tick paralysis?
Nonrestorative sleep including insomnia, early morning awakenings, and poor quality of sleep overall and alpha sleep intrusion as seen on an EEG is associated with what condition
Antibody that is associated with polymyositis
Gold standard for diagnosis of Sjogren's syndrome
What is the most common vector borne illness in the US?
Biggest distinguishing feature between polymyositis and dermatomyositis
Scoliosis presents with back pain (true of false)
Grade of sprain with severe disability and moderate to severe laxity
Slippage of one vertebrae on an adjacent vertebrae
According to the Ottawa guidelines you should xray the knee if there is tenderness at the head of what bone?
Long-term use of this drug can result in atypical fractures
Prevent further damage from radical, decrease inflammation, excitoxicity via blood, oxygenation, etc. after a stroke
Fracture of the pars interarticularis
Organism associated with cat bites
How many IgM western blot bands are needed to diagnose Lyme disease?
Most sensitive test for ACL tears
Ligament that overlies the spinous processes of adjacent vertebrae
Treatment for scoliotic curve under 20 degrees
Rare hydrochloroquine toxicity involves what organ?
Degenerative arthiritis of the spine
What is the best diagnostic tool for finding oral cancers?
Organisms associated with dog bites
This study is used to diagnose Takayasu's arteritis
What type of cancers make up the majority of oral cancers?
Most specific marker for Wegener’s Granulomatosis
The key goal of PM&R is to optimize ___________________.
This type of brace supports the knee cap and is used in the treatment of patellofemoral pain
Proximal humerus, distal radius, vertebrae,and the hip are all places you could see this type of fracture
Clear excitatory amino acids, form new receptors, and create new synapses
Ligament that prevents posterio subluxation of the dens
Blood supply to the femoral head
Takayasu's arteritis primarily affects those __________ 50 years old. (over or under)
Ciprofloxacin used to treat Staph or Pseudomonas
Longitudinal vertebral ligament that is wider and strongerf
What is the only drug that stimulates osteoblasts?
On T2 weighted imaging CSF is _________. (light or dark)
Dehydration, birth and birth control pills are risk factors for what condition?
What visual deficit is common in posterior cerebral artery strokes?
What is the most common cause of upper limb amputation?
According to the Ottawa Rules you should get an ankle x-ray in anyone with tenderness at what edge of the tibia/fibula
Best x-ray view for acetabular fractures
Inclusion body myositis is more common in which gender?
Burst fracture has a predilection for what vertebral levels?
Position of hip fracture on physical exam
According to the Ottawa guidelines you should xray the knee if there is isolated tenderness of what bone
Within what amount of time must you treat an ischemic stroke with t-PA?
Treat or Don't Treat: Large penumbra with small core
Polymyositis affects (proximal/distal) muscles.
Most common causative agent of osteomyelitis in all age groups
Most important modifiable risk factor in stroke.
A person with osteoporosis should go on a 'drug holiday' after _____ years.
According to the Pittsburgh rules do you x-ray if there is no history of acute-blunt mechanism trauma
What is mirror box therapy used to treat?
Inflammatory arthritis of the spine
Most common bone that is involved in open fractures
Definition: Unable to perform human task.
What is the treatment for human bites?
What drug can you not give someone during an acute gouty attack?
What layer do oral cancers typically start?
What is the appropriate treatment for CNS and cardiac involved Lyme Disease?
Grade of sprain with moderate to severe disability and mild joint laxity
Necrotizing vasculitis of the small vessels typically affecting the lungs, kidney, and skin with an insidious onset of symptoms
According to the Ottawa guidelines you should xray the knee in all people over what age?
According to the Ottawa Rules you should get an ankle x-ray in anyone with tenderness at the base of which metatarsal
The peripheral area surrounding the area of infarct (core); part of the ischemic lesion that is salvageable in a stroke
Babesiosis, Lyme Disease and Anaplasmosis are all transmitted by what vector?
How many anticytoplasmic proteins do you need to diagnose SLE
Giant cell arteritis primarily affects those _____________ 50 years old (over or under)
Syndrome including GI ischemia, palpable purpura, and glomerulonephritis that most commonly affects children
According to the Ottawa Rules you should get an ankle x-ray in anyone over this age
What antibiotic covers most tick-borne infections?
Treatment of curve scoliotic between 20-40 degrees
Inclusion body myositis affects (proximal/distal) muscles
Injury to this collateral knee ligament is assiciated with proximal fibular injury
Ligament that connects adjectent vertebral laminae
Non-specific marker for microscopic polyangiitis and Churg Strauss
What is the E in CREST?
Gold standard for diagnosis of giant cell arteritis
Polymyositis and dermatomyositis favors what gender?
Most sensitive test for PCL tears
Osteoporosis is preventable and treatable (true or false)
IV infusions of what have shown promise in treating patients with myositis
According to the Ottawa Rules you should get an ankle x-ray in anyone who can't weight bear for _________ steps
Claudication of both the legs and hands is associated with what vasculitis?
In a stroke, the area of infarcted tissue; unable to salvage
Weak left gluteus medius may cause hip drop on what side?
Drug class that acts at the level of the osteoclasts to cause apoptosis and destruction of the cells
B-lactam antibiotics clindamycin or vancomycin are treatment for Staph or Pseudomonas
Most important non-modifiable risk factor in stroke.
Definition: Cannot meet societal role.
What is the eponym for thromboangitis obliterans
Syndrome associated with ipsilateral sensation loss of face, contralateral pain/temperature loss, Horner syndrome (T1)
What is the S in CREST?
Dental carries and difficulty swallowing are complications of which disease?
What is the most common drug class used for the treatment of osteoporosis?
Most common myopathy in people over age 50
What is the most common type of fracture associated w/ osteoporosis?
If a patient comes to you with scoliosis and is experiencing back pain, what type of study should you do?
What commonly causes reactive arteritis?
What is the T in CREST?
Are men or women more likely to get oral cancers?
Predicts a 10 year probability of fracture
Type of study that looks at the fact that Na/K ATPase fails leading to accumulation of water and thus will show up on scans
According to the Ottawa Rules you should get an ankle x-ray in anyone with tenderness of this tarsal bone
Treat or Don't Treat: Small penumbra with large core
Skin infection caused by various bacteria that leads to inflammation
Most reliable blood marker for the presence of myositis
Ability to have the brain rewire itself with the appropriate number of repititions of a given activity
Ligament that is between the spinous processes of adjacent vertebrae
A minimum of how many x-ray views do you need of an injured area?
What tick-borne infection can't be treated with doxycycline?
What gender does microscopic polyangiitis affect more?
According to the Ottawa guidelines you should xray the knee if the person can't flex past this angle
A person with osteopenia should go on a 'drug holiday' after ____ years.

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