Science Quiz / Carbohydrate Metabolism

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Can you name the Carbohydrate Metabolism Terms?

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QuestionAnswer
Release of epinephrine from the adrenal gland causes what type of metabolic activity?
The cycle of the muscle using glucose from the liver then returning that lactate to the liver to make more glucose?
What property of hexokinase allows it to phosphorylate glucose even during fasting?
What is the first committed step of glycolysis?
Which two enzymes participate in phosphorylation of glucose into glucose-6-phosphate?
In glycolysis glucose is broken down into two ______________________ yielding _________ and _________
Normal range of blood glucose. (including units)
Brain uses what percentage of glucose at rest?
What enzyme transfers the phosphate from phosphoenolpyruvate to ADP?
Glucose transporter found on muscle and fat cells?
What molecules is fructose-1,6-bisphosphate broken down into?
Transfer of phosphate from phosphoenolpyruvate to ADP also yields what?
Glucose transporters present in most cell types.
High insulin stimulates this enzyme which has this effect on pyruvate kinase.
Fructose-2,6-phosphatase is converted to phosphofructokinase by this enzyme.
Hypoglycemia below _________________ can lead to loss of consciousness of death (hypoglycemia).
What enzyme converts fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-bisphosphate in glycolysis? (Uses ATP)
Approximate Km of GLUT-4?
Glucose greater than ______________ leads to glycosuria.
This molecule inhibits hexokinase but not glucokinase.
What enzyme breaks fructose-1,6-bisphosphate into two three carbon ringed molecules?
The conversion of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate requires what two molecules?
QuestionAnswer
Pyruvate is converted to lactate by what enzyme?
Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate activates __________________ and inhibits ______________.
GLUT-4 expression highly regulated by?
Glucokinase levels are increased in the presence of?
What is the approximate Km of the basal glucose transporters?
Which tissues utilized glucokinase?
Which two enzymes require ATP in the early stages of glycolysis in muscle cells?
What is the approximate Km range of GLUT-2 transporters?
What activity of PFK-2 converts fructose-6-phosphate into fructose-2,6-bisphosphate?
Kidney and pancreatic beta cells use which glucose transporter?
When PFK-2 is phosphorylated it acts as a _______________.
2-Phosphoglycerate is converted to what?
Hexokinase is allosterically inhibited by...
Conversion of pyruvate under anaerobic conditions requires _____________ and yields _____________.
 
What is fructose-6-phosphate converted to in glycolysis?
Enzyme that converts fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to fructose-6-phosphate in gluconeogenesis?
Enzyme that transfers phosphate from 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate to ADP to form ATP and 3-phosphoglycerate.
Glucokinase levels are reduced in the presence of?
Phosphorylated PFK-2 converts ____________________ to ______________________ thereby changing the metabolic process from ___________________ to __________________.
What enzyme converts 2-phosphoglycerate to phosphoenolpyruvate?
Under what conditions is pyruvate converted to lactate?
QuestionAnswer
During which state is glucokinase highly active?
What enzyme converts glucose-6-phosphate into fructose-6-phosphate?
Kidney glucokinase is important for....
A biproduct of the conversion of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate is...
Under what conditions does pyruvate enter TCA cycle?
Glycolysis takes place in the _______________.
High glucagon stimulates this enzyme which has this effect on pyruvate kinase
What enzyme converts dihydroxyacetone phosphate into glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate?
Glucokinase in the pancreas plays a role in maintaining...
Rate at which the brain uses glucose
Inhibitor of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase?
Release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells causes what type of metabolic activity?
The phosphate is transfered from _________________ to ADP to form ATP and pyruvate?
Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphatase is expressed predominantly where?
What is the consequence of G6P not inhibiting glucokinase during times of high blood sugar?
Purely ketogenic amino acids
Release of glucagon from pancreatic alpha cells causes what metabolic activity?
What enzyme converts 3-phosphoglycerate to 2-phosphoglycerate?
3-Phosphoglycerate is converted to what?
1,3-bisphosphoglycerate is converted by phosphoglycerate into....
What enzyme adds and inorganic phosphate to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to form 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate?

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Created Oct 3, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:glycolysis, term

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