Science Quiz / Carbohydrate Metabolism

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Can you name the Carbohydrate Metabolism Terms?

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What enzyme adds and inorganic phosphate to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to form 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate?
Normal range of blood glucose. (including units)
Enzyme that converts fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to fructose-6-phosphate in gluconeogenesis?
Pyruvate is converted to lactate by what enzyme?
Glucose transporter found on muscle and fat cells?
Enzyme that transfers phosphate from 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate to ADP to form ATP and 3-phosphoglycerate.
Kidney and pancreatic beta cells use which glucose transporter?
Under what conditions is pyruvate converted to lactate?
The phosphate is transfered from _________________ to ADP to form ATP and pyruvate?
In glycolysis glucose is broken down into two ______________________ yielding _________ and _________
Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate activates __________________ and inhibits ______________.
When PFK-2 is phosphorylated it acts as a _______________.
Fructose-2,6-phosphatase is converted to phosphofructokinase by this enzyme.
1,3-bisphosphoglycerate is converted by phosphoglycerate into....
What is the approximate Km range of GLUT-2 transporters?
Phosphorylated PFK-2 converts ____________________ to ______________________ thereby changing the metabolic process from ___________________ to __________________.
The conversion of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate requires what two molecules?
3-Phosphoglycerate is converted to what?
Release of glucagon from pancreatic alpha cells causes what metabolic activity?
Under what conditions does pyruvate enter TCA cycle?
What enzyme converts glucose-6-phosphate into fructose-6-phosphate?
Which two enzymes require ATP in the early stages of glycolysis in muscle cells?
High insulin stimulates this enzyme which has this effect on pyruvate kinase.
Conversion of pyruvate under anaerobic conditions requires _____________ and yields _____________.
Inhibitor of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase?
What is the approximate Km of the basal glucose transporters?
Transfer of phosphate from phosphoenolpyruvate to ADP also yields what?
Approximate Km of GLUT-4?
Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphatase is expressed predominantly where?
Glucokinase levels are increased in the presence of?
What enzyme converts dihydroxyacetone phosphate into glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate?
Hexokinase is allosterically inhibited by...
Purely ketogenic amino acids
Glucokinase levels are reduced in the presence of?
What enzyme transfers the phosphate from phosphoenolpyruvate to ADP?
Glycolysis takes place in the _______________.
What is fructose-6-phosphate converted to in glycolysis?
What is the consequence of G6P not inhibiting glucokinase during times of high blood sugar?
This molecule inhibits hexokinase but not glucokinase.
The cycle of the muscle using glucose from the liver then returning that lactate to the liver to make more glucose?
What enzyme breaks fructose-1,6-bisphosphate into two three carbon ringed molecules?
What activity of PFK-2 converts fructose-6-phosphate into fructose-2,6-bisphosphate?
Rate at which the brain uses glucose
Which two enzymes participate in phosphorylation of glucose into glucose-6-phosphate?
What enzyme converts 3-phosphoglycerate to 2-phosphoglycerate?
Hypoglycemia below _________________ can lead to loss of consciousness of death (hypoglycemia).
Brain uses what percentage of glucose at rest?
Glucose greater than ______________ leads to glycosuria.
Which tissues utilized glucokinase?
GLUT-4 expression highly regulated by?
Glucokinase in the pancreas plays a role in maintaining...
What is the first committed step of glycolysis?
What molecules is fructose-1,6-bisphosphate broken down into?
Release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells causes what type of metabolic activity?
What property of hexokinase allows it to phosphorylate glucose even during fasting?
Kidney glucokinase is important for....
During which state is glucokinase highly active?
Release of epinephrine from the adrenal gland causes what type of metabolic activity?
Glucose transporters present in most cell types.
What enzyme converts fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-bisphosphate in glycolysis? (Uses ATP)
A biproduct of the conversion of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate is...
What enzyme converts 2-phosphoglycerate to phosphoenolpyruvate?
2-Phosphoglycerate is converted to what?
High glucagon stimulates this enzyme which has this effect on pyruvate kinase

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