Science Quiz / Carbohydrate Metabolism

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Can you name the Carbohydrate Metabolism Terms?

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QuestionAnswer
Enzyme that converts fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to fructose-6-phosphate in gluconeogenesis?
Which two enzymes participate in phosphorylation of glucose into glucose-6-phosphate?
High insulin stimulates this enzyme which has this effect on pyruvate kinase.
What enzyme converts 2-phosphoglycerate to phosphoenolpyruvate?
Glucokinase in the pancreas plays a role in maintaining...
Which tissues utilized glucokinase?
The phosphate is transfered from _________________ to ADP to form ATP and pyruvate?
A biproduct of the conversion of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate is...
 
The cycle of the muscle using glucose from the liver then returning that lactate to the liver to make more glucose?
What is the consequence of G6P not inhibiting glucokinase during times of high blood sugar?
Glucose greater than ______________ leads to glycosuria.
Under what conditions is pyruvate converted to lactate?
What enzyme converts fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-bisphosphate in glycolysis? (Uses ATP)
Brain uses what percentage of glucose at rest?
When PFK-2 is phosphorylated it acts as a _______________.
Phosphorylated PFK-2 converts ____________________ to ______________________ thereby changing the metabolic process from ___________________ to __________________.
Fructose-2,6-phosphatase is converted to phosphofructokinase by this enzyme.
This molecule inhibits hexokinase but not glucokinase.
What enzyme adds and inorganic phosphate to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to form 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate?
Transfer of phosphate from phosphoenolpyruvate to ADP also yields what?
Pyruvate is converted to lactate by what enzyme?
QuestionAnswer
Glucose transporters present in most cell types.
Glucokinase levels are increased in the presence of?
Enzyme that transfers phosphate from 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate to ADP to form ATP and 3-phosphoglycerate.
Glycolysis takes place in the _______________.
Inhibitor of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase?
2-Phosphoglycerate is converted to what?
What enzyme converts 3-phosphoglycerate to 2-phosphoglycerate?
During which state is glucokinase highly active?
What is the first committed step of glycolysis?
What is the approximate Km range of GLUT-2 transporters?
What enzyme converts dihydroxyacetone phosphate into glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate?
Which two enzymes require ATP in the early stages of glycolysis in muscle cells?
3-Phosphoglycerate is converted to what?
Glucose transporter found on muscle and fat cells?
Rate at which the brain uses glucose
The conversion of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate requires what two molecules?
In glycolysis glucose is broken down into two ______________________ yielding _________ and _________
Kidney glucokinase is important for....
What enzyme breaks fructose-1,6-bisphosphate into two three carbon ringed molecules?
Conversion of pyruvate under anaerobic conditions requires _____________ and yields _____________.
Release of epinephrine from the adrenal gland causes what type of metabolic activity?
What enzyme converts glucose-6-phosphate into fructose-6-phosphate?
QuestionAnswer
What activity of PFK-2 converts fructose-6-phosphate into fructose-2,6-bisphosphate?
GLUT-4 expression highly regulated by?
Glucokinase levels are reduced in the presence of?
Hypoglycemia below _________________ can lead to loss of consciousness of death (hypoglycemia).
Kidney and pancreatic beta cells use which glucose transporter?
Release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells causes what type of metabolic activity?
What is fructose-6-phosphate converted to in glycolysis?
Release of glucagon from pancreatic alpha cells causes what metabolic activity?
Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphatase is expressed predominantly where?
Normal range of blood glucose. (including units)
Under what conditions does pyruvate enter TCA cycle?
Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate activates __________________ and inhibits ______________.
What molecules is fructose-1,6-bisphosphate broken down into?
What property of hexokinase allows it to phosphorylate glucose even during fasting?
Purely ketogenic amino acids
High glucagon stimulates this enzyme which has this effect on pyruvate kinase
Approximate Km of GLUT-4?
What is the approximate Km of the basal glucose transporters?
1,3-bisphosphoglycerate is converted by phosphoglycerate into....
Hexokinase is allosterically inhibited by...
What enzyme transfers the phosphate from phosphoenolpyruvate to ADP?

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Created Oct 3, 2012ReportFavoriteNominate
Tags:glycolysis, term

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