Science Quiz / Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
HintAnswer
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
HintAnswer
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology

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