Science Quiz / Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
HintAnswer
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Location of cortisol synthesis
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology

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