Science Quiz / Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
HintAnswer
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
HintAnswer
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin

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