Science Quiz / Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
HintAnswer
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Location of cortisol synthesis
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.

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