Science Quiz / Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Location of cortisol synthesis
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
HintAnswer
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.

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