Science Quiz / Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
HintAnswer
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
HintAnswer
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.

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