Science Quiz / Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
HintAnswer
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)

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