Science Quiz / ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Stimulates GH release
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Stimulates FSH release
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Stimulates prolactin release
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Normal range of calcium
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Stimulates TSH release
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Stimulates ACTH release
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Mineral required for PTH release
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
HintAnswer
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Most common cause of dialysis
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Screening test for acromegaly.
Stimulates LH release
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
HintAnswer
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Inhibits prolactin release
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Corrected Ca+2=
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Principle route of drug elimniation
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women

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