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QUIZ: Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Stimulates GH release
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Normal range of calcium
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Principle route of drug elimniation
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
HintAnswer
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Screening test for acromegaly.
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Stimulates prolactin release
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Stimulates LH release
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Inhibits prolactin release
Stimulates FSH release
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
HintAnswer
First-line medication for prolactinoma
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Mineral required for PTH release
Most common cause of dialysis
Stimulates ACTH release
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Stimulates TSH release
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Corrected Ca+2=
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value

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