Science Quiz / ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Normal range of calcium
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Most common cause of dialysis
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
HintAnswer
Stimulates LH release
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Stimulates ACTH release
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Stimulates GH release
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Mineral required for PTH release
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Corrected Ca+2=
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Screening test for acromegaly.
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Stimulates TSH release
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
HintAnswer
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Stimulates prolactin release
Stimulates FSH release
Principle route of drug elimniation
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Inhibits prolactin release
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy

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