Science Quiz / ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Stimulates LH release
Screening test for acromegaly.
Most common cause of dialysis
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Stimulates GH release
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Corrected Ca+2=
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Normal range of calcium
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
HintAnswer
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
First-line medication for prolactinoma
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Principle route of drug elimniation
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Most common symptom of MEN 1
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Stimulates FSH release
HintAnswer
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Inhibits prolactin release
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Stimulates ACTH release
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Stimulates TSH release
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Stimulates prolactin release
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Mineral required for PTH release

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