Science Quiz / ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Normal range of calcium
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Corrected Ca+2=
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Stimulates GH release
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Mineral required for PTH release
Stimulates TSH release
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
HintAnswer
Stimulates prolactin release
Type of assay used to measure PTH
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Stimulates ACTH release
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Stimulates LH release
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Stimulates FSH release
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Most common symptom of MEN 1
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Most common cause of dialysis
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
HintAnswer
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Principle route of drug elimniation
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Screening test for acromegaly.
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Inhibits prolactin release
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:Combined, endocrine, yield

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