ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Corrected Ca+2=
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Stimulates LH release
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Stimulates FSH release
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Inhibits prolactin release
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
HintAnswer
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Most common symptom of MEN 1
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Principle route of drug elimniation
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Stimulates ACTH release
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Normal range of calcium
Stimulates GH release
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Mineral required for PTH release
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Most common cause of dialysis
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
HintAnswer
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Stimulates prolactin release
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Stimulates TSH release
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Screening test for acromegaly.
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids

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