Science Quiz / Clinical Medicine: Neuro

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Can you name the Clinical Medicine Block II?

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Vitamin deficiency that can cause dorsal column syndrome
Upper radicular syndrome that affects C4, C5, C6 ventral roots or the upper trunk caused by a blow to the neck or birth injury and produces a waiter's tip sign
Most common infectious cause of neuropathy worldwide
Kluver Bucy Syndrome is comes about from a lesion to this lobe
A condition where one doesn't recoginze the non-dominant half of the body
This eye muscle doesnt originate on the tendinous ring but on the floor of the orbit
Positive Froment's sign could indicate weakness of adductor pollicis and could indicate what type of compression syndrome?
Hunched, shuffling gait. Associated with retro/omnipulsion
Idiopathic sever shoulder pain followed by weakness and sensory loss in the arm
Spinal level for patellar reflex
Type of muscular dystrophy seen in young boys
Can't tell what an object is that you're holding and not seeing.
Romberg test is looking for this type of ataxia
Conductive aphasia is due to damage to what brain area?
Type of gait that is seen in late-stage neurodegenerative diseases
Type of gait that is like a waddle due to pelvic girdle weakness
Spinal level for biceps brachii reflex
Cheyne-Stokes respirations indicate what type of lesion
Spinal level for brachioradialis reflex
Receptive aphasia is due to damage to what brain area?
Grasp reflex is indicative of loss of suppression by this lobe
HintAnswer
Expressive aphasia is caused by damage to what brain area?
Wrist drop without sensory defects would indicate a lesion of what nerve?
Combined median and ulnar nerve (C8, T1) lesion. Can be caused by a sudden arm pull during delivery. Paralyzed thenar muscles lead to a flat hand
Type of gait that is wide-based, ataxic and drunk looking
Type of breathing that is a hyperventilation pattern
Problem where one can't name things when presented with them
Type of cerebellar ataxia associated with a midline problem
This disease can give you atrophy and fasciculations in the tongue
Spinal level for Tripceps reflex
Type of gait where the legs are close together and the foot drags
Symptoms include opthalmoparesis, gait ataxia and areflexia
In the hand to cheek test, the side that the person recognizes you touching is ____________. (Lesioned or not lesioned)
Type of muscular dystrophy that presents in the 20s-30s
Right/left disorientation, finger agnosia, acalculia and agraphia are all components of what syndrome?
Thick area of hypermyelination due to unstable myelin breakdown and repair
Type of breathing that has no true depth or frequency patter
This syndrome is associated with a dominant parietal lobe lesion
Myopathic weakness is typically (proximal/distal)
Type of cerebellar ataxia associated with a cerebellra hemisphere problem
Clock drawing test is positive for someone with this type of parietal lesion (dominant, non-dominant or bilateral)
Area of the brain that is responsible for spatial orientation?
HintAnswer
Tremor that manifests as you get closer to your target
Glabellar reflex is indicative of loss of suppression by this lobe
Mineral that competes with calcium at the synapse to prevent ACh release
Area of the brain that is damaged in locked-in syndrome
Type of gait where the arm is flexed and the hip circumducts to propel the leg forward
Type of breathing that has a deep breath and hold pattern
Neuropathy associated with Cu/Zn Oxide dismutase mutation
Congenital neuropathy (PMP22) that causes distal atrophy with sensory loss and a characteristic foot deformity
Vanishing white matter disease that primarily affects the cerebellum
Presynaptic NMJ disorder where autoantibodies destroy presynaptic calcium channels so that ACh can't be released
Astereognosis is associated with what type of parietal lesion? (dominant, non-dominant or bilateral)
Spinal cord degredation of the dorsal columns and spinocerebellar tract
Spinal levels for Achille's tendon reflex
Neuropathic weakness is typically (proximal/distal)
Respiration with crescendo-decrescendo-apnea pattern
Causes weakness for up to two months that doesn't go away
Saturday night palsy is an indication of a lesion of what nerve?
NMJ disorder that is associated with post-exercise facilitation
Most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis
Type of lesion with central neurogenic hyperventilation
This syndrome causes a positive pinch test

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