Science Quiz / Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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QUIZ: Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
F Hemaglobin structure
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
A1C Hemoglobin structure
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
DefinitionTerms
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Which secondary structure is more stable?
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
A Hemaglobin structure
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
pKa=
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
DefinitionTerms
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Similar proteins found in different organisms
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
Blood pH must be maintained around....
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
-log[H+]=
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
 
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...

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