Science Quiz / Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
Which secondary structure is more stable?
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Blood pH must be maintained around....
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
F Hemaglobin structure
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
 
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
DefinitionTerms
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
pKa=
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
A1C Hemoglobin structure
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
DefinitionTerms
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
-log[H+]=
Similar proteins found in different organisms
A Hemaglobin structure
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)

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