Science Quiz / Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Blood pH must be maintained around....
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
DefinitionTerms
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
Which secondary structure is more stable?
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
Protein folding is primarily driven by
 
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
A1C Hemoglobin structure
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
pKa=
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
DefinitionTerms
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
Similar proteins found in different organisms
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
-log[H+]=
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
A Hemaglobin structure
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
F Hemaglobin structure
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)

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