Geography Quiz / AS Hydrological terms

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Can you name the Hydrological terms?

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DescriptionTerm
Slowest transfer of water within drainage basin, moisture seeps into permeable rocks deep under ground. Provides river with water in time of drought
Very small particles of sand etc carried along by flow of river. contributes to largest proportion of rivers load
The process by which raindrops are prevented from reaching the ground by leaves etc
Dissolved materials transported within mass of moving water
Reduction in size of rivers load when fragments strike one another as well as river bed causing them to become smaller and smoother
Clustering of clay and slit particles causing them to sink more rapidly when river meets sea due to sea's salinity
Laying down of solid material in the form of sediment on river beds or sea floors
Minerals in rock are dissolved by weak acids in river and carried away in solution, effective on rocks such as limestone
Caused by power of moving water. Movement of loose material from the rivers banks which are added to the load
Water that drips off leaves during rainstorms, it occurs when more water falls onto interception layer than can remain on leaves
Diameter of largest particle that river can carry, increases according to sixth power of rivers velocity
Water that moves down-slope through subsoil, pulled by gravity, more effective when uderlying rock is impermeable
DescriptionTerm
Total amount of water lost by evaporation and transpiration from vegetated surface
Water that falls down stems and branches of plants during and after rainstorms
Small stones bounce or leap frog along channel bed. This takes place in high energy conditions as stones are thrust up and dislodge others as they fall back to the bed
The amount of material the river can carry, the total volume of load. Increases according to third power of rivers velocity
The process where water is transferred from a liquid to vapour. Energy source being the sun or movement of air
Passage of water into the soil. Rate depends on nature of soil and time before and after a storm
Process by which water is lost from the stomata of leaves
Large stones and boulders are rolled along river bed by water downstream taking place in time of high discharge
Downward movement of water within the rock under the soil, rate depends on nature of rock
Scraping and rubbing action of the rivers load. Most effective when river is bankfull or in flood
Water in any form that falls from the atmosphere to the surface, e.g. rain, snow etc
All water that enters a river and evenutally flows out of basin, can be quantified by measuring discharge of river

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