Just For Fun Quiz / Powerful Physiology Practice Princess Pink Pony Pumpkin

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Can you name the Powerful Physiology Practice?

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QuestionAnswer
Muscle contraction with shortening of the muscle
During contraction, the sarcomere gets shorter or remains the same
Which hormone increases blood calcium
Pathology: too much cortisone
Muscle contraction without shortening of muscle
Pathology: hypothyroidism in children
Chemical class of Testosterone, Estrogen, Progesterone, Cortisol
Bone that has never been remodeled
Pathology: hyperthyroidism
Endocrine signaling within the cell
Bone that has been remodeled
Microscopic anatomy: length of myosin fibers
From Smelley: How do you prevent getting type II diabetes?
Groups that remodel bone
Muscle fiber that requires oxygen
During contraction, the H zone and I band gets shorter or remains the same?
Endocrine signaling using gap junctions
Which hormone lowers blood sugar
Thin filaments
Pathology: too much GH while still growing
Pathology: hypothyroid syndrome in adults
Which gland secretes TSH, FSH, LH, ACTH, GH, PRL
QuestionAnswer
What happens without the above chemical
Stiffening of the body after death
Stimulation of hormone production by imbalance in the blood
Endocrine signaling where the receptor is on the surface of the same producing cell
Which gland is connected by neuron to the hypothalmus
Neurotransmitter that tells muscles when to contract
Pathology: autoimmune disorder of pancreatic islet cells
Endocrine signaling that also involves neurons
Bone destroying cell
Stimulation of hormone production by other hormones
Bone formation direct, not involving a cartilage intermediary; flat bones
Endocrine signaling where the hormone stays in the immediate interstitial fluid
Microscopic anatomy: distance between actin ends
Muscle fiber that does not require oxygen
Muscle that is not striated and not voluntary; found in the walls of hollow visceral organs
Muscle that is striated by not voluntary; found only in the heart
During contraction, the A band gets shorter or remains the same
Effect that increases bone strength
Muscle that is striated and voluntary; attaches to and covers bony skeleton
Bone formation involving a cartilage intermediary; long bones
Mechanosensor
Smallest functional contractile unit
QuestionAnswer
Bone forming cell
Pathology: resistance to insulin
Chemical required for muscle contraction
Pathology: hyposecretory disorder of the adrenal cortex
Which gland deals with short term stress
Cycle that regenerates glucose from lactic acid
Which hormone increases calcium storage in bones
Endocrine signaling where the molecule exits into the lumen
Principle that bones remodel in response to physical environment
Chemical class of GH, Insulin, Glucagon, Insulin-like Growth Factor
Endocrine signaling where the molecule is secreted into the blood stream
Thick filaments
Which hormone raises blood sugar
Which gland deals with long term stress
Stimulation of hormone production by neuron
Chemical class of Melatonin, epinephrine, norepinephrine, thyroxine
Pathology caused by too much GH after growth plates fuse
Microscopic anatomy: midline of myosin fiber
Pathology: not enough GH
Microscopic anatomy: distance between myosin fibers
Chemical class of Oxytocin, PTH, ADH

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