Literature Quiz / Poetic devices

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Can you name the poetic devices?

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DefinitionAnswerExample
two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect“To err is human; to forgive divine.”
a word or a phrase is repeated at the end of successive clauses“Sweet Portia, / If you did know to whom I gave the ring, / If you did know for whom I gave the ring / And would conceive for what I gave the ring / And how unwillingly I left the ring, / When nought would be accepted but the ring, / You would abate the strength of your displeasure.”
repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession'pitter patter'
human characteristics are attributed to an abstract quality, animal, or inanimate object' A host, of golden daffodils; / Beside the lake, beneath the trees, / Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
a number of words occur close together in a series, having the same first consonant sound“The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew, The furrow followed free; We were the first that ever burst Into that silent sea.”
a situation where there is a mixture of harsh and inharmonious sounds'Where spouting pillars spoor the evening sky,'
a part of something represents the whole or it may use a whole to represent a part'the vast ocean of anxious faces about her.”
strong pause within a line of verse'Off-hand-like --just as I-- / Was out of work-had sold his traps--'
repetition of a word or words in successive clauses in such a way that the second clause starts with the same word which marks the end of the previous clause“The mountains look on Marathon – And Marathon looks on the sea…”
an implicit, implied or hidden comparison between two things or objects that are poles apart from each other but have some characteristics common between them'Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
gives human emotions to inanimate objects of nature specifically referring to a weather reflecting a mood'So furious had been the gusts...'
a comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it.“This flea is you and I, and this / Our marriage bed, and marriage temple is”
components in a sentence that are grammatically same or similar in their construction, sound, meaning or meter“What the hammer? what the chain? / In what furnace was thy brain? / What the anvil? what dread grasp / Dare its deadly terrors clasp?”
DefinitionAnswerExample
a word, usually a verb or an adjective, applies to more than one noun blending together grammatically and logically different ideas“[They] covered themselves with dust and glory.”
repetition of vowel sounds to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences'And the moon rose over an open field'
a speaker detaches himself from the reality and addresses an imaginary character or inanimate object'Welcome, O life!'
repetition of 'hissing' consonant including s, sh, th, ch, z, f, x, and soft c' Between your sheets you soundly sleep'
two or more clauses are balanced against each other by the reversal of their structures in order to produce an artistic effect“The instinct of a man is to pursue everything that flies from him, and to fly from all that pursues him.”
run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next'That's my last Duchess painted on the wall, / Looking as if she were alive. I call / That piece a wonder, now....'
repetition of the first part of successive sentences'Five years have passed; / Five summers with the length of / Five long winters! ...'
unstressed syllable followed by a stressed oneto-DAY
metrical foot with two unstressed syllablesof the
metrical foot with two stressed syllablesCHILD-HOOD
two unaccented syllables followed by an accented oneun-der-STAND
stressed syllable followed by two unstressed onesBIT-ter-ly
accented syllable followed by an unaccented oneHAP-py

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